Center Confirms One Death, 61 Cases Of Monkeypox In Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has reported the first death and 61 cases of monkeypox fourteen weeks after the first outbreak of the disease in the country.

According to situation report for monkeypox outbreak released by the health agency for the epidemiological week 49, on Wednesday, the dead patient was a confirmed case with a “background immune-compromised condition.”

The health agency, however, said it has deactivated the monkeypox Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) this week.

In addition, five additional confirmed cases and two probable cases have been reported since the last update, bringing the total confirmed cases to 61 in 14 states.

There has been a decline in the number of new suspected cases reported over the last five weeks. Since the onset of the outbreak, a total of 172 cases (suspected, confirmed and probable) have been recorded from 22 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

According to the NCDC, only seven percent of the current cases in Nigeria have been linked to human-to-human transmission, including one healthcare worker.

The first suspected case of the disease was reported in Bayelsa and later reported at neighbouring River State before spreading to other states across the country.

One new suspected case was reported from Adamawa State in the reporting week, while two new confirmed cases were recorded in the reporting week from Bayelsa.

The health agency said though clustering of cases was demonstrated in some instances, there was no known evidence yet of epidemiological linkages across states.

Monkeypox: Another Suspect Moved To BSUTH

A suspected victim of monkey pox identified as Wuese Alough in Gboko has been moved to the Benue State Teaching Hospital (BSUTH).She said she must have contacted the disease from her boyfriend who visited her from Enugu a few weeks ago.

 

 

Commissioner for Health and Human Services, Dr. Cecelia Ojabo, who spoke with newsmen, on Wednesday, disclosed that on receiving the report of the suspected case, she immediately deployed medical doctors to Gboko to get the victim and move her to the hospital for further medical investigation.

 

 

Dr. Ojabo explained that the blood sample of the suspected victim would be taken for necessary laboratory analysis to confirm whether or not they were indeed a case of Monkey pox or not even as she called on people of the state not to panic but remain calm as necessary measures were in place to protect them from the disease.

 

 

She pointed out that the state government had, long before now, shown serious concern over the outbreak of the virus in other parts of the country, and that was why it embarked on serious sensitization campaigns on how to people can guide against contacting.

 

 

The Commissioner appealed to anyone who sees and suspects Monkey Pox to immediately report same to the nearest medical facility for prompt action and advised the people to abstain from consumption of any form of Bush meat, particularly monkey, rat, squirrel, stressing that they should also reduce handshake as these preventive measures would go a long way in preventing it’s spread.

 

 

Ojabo also called on Medical personnel to have a high index of suspicion of all fever of unknown origin and make necessary referral to the infectious Unit of the Benue State Teaching Hospital.

 

Monkeypox Spreads, New Cases Confirmed In 4 States

Minister of State for Health, Dr. Osagie Ehanire announced on Friday in his office in Abuja that there has been a laboratory confirmation of six additional cases among the suspected cases of Monkeypox.

 

These include two cases each in Bayelsa and Akwa Ibom States, one in Enugu State and one in the Federal Capital Territory, making it a total of nine confirmed cases of Monkeypox in Nigeria. The Ministers said investigations were ongoing to see if any of the new cases have a link with the Bayelsa cluster, where the outbreak started. He called for calm among members of the public, as the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is working with all affected States to ensure case finding and adequate management.

 

He added that as frightening as the manifestation of the ailment may seem, no fatality has been recorded to date. He noted that the newly confirmed cases are patients already being managed by public health authorities and have been receiving appropriate clinical care since the onset of the illness.

 

The Federal Ministry of Health, through the NCDC, is in close contact with all State Epidemiology Teams, as well as the health facilities providing clinical care to both suspected and confirmed cases. State Commissioners of Health have been advised to place all health care facilities and disease surveillance and notification officers on alert, to ensure early case detection, reporting, and effective treatment.

 

 

“A national-level Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) led by the NCDC with support from our development partners is coordinating outbreak investigation and response across affected states,” Ehinare said.

 

“The EOC includes the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, as well as experts from partner agencies.”

 

“The NCDC has also deployed Rapid Response Teams to the four states with confirmed cases. Measures have been put in place to ensure proper investigation of all reported cases, effective sample collection, and testing, as well as case management of all suspected and confirmed cases.”

 

“Risk communication activities have been heightened to advise the public as well as healthcare workers on preventive measures. A nationwide communications campaign has begun, to inform Nigerians of key preventive measures to take to curtail the further spread of monkeypox.”

 

Nigerians are advised to always wash hands with soap and water after contact with animals, when caring for sick relatives, or managing soiled beddings.

 

Kano Reports Suspected Case of Monkeypox

The Kano State government through its Commissioner for Health, Dr. Kabul Getso, has confirmed that a suspected case of Monkeypox has been recorded in Bebeji Local Government Area of the state.

Whilst informing journalists on Saturday Kano that the blood sample of the victim had been sent to Abuja for clinical verification, Getso said “One of the symptoms of the disease was noticed in the patient, but we are suspecting that the disease is more of Chickens pox than monkey pox… The State also identified 60 people who had contacts with the victims and all of them have been quarantined.

“For now only 11 States are affected by the monkeypox disease and 94 persons are the victims out of which only six are confirmed. The Kano case from Bebeji Local Government is yet to be confirmed. The blood sampling will take three weeks before it is ready.”

Medical and animal science experts have warned of possible outbreak of more zoonotic disease if regulating human-animal relationships is not made an agenada on public health issues.

Monkeypox is a rare zoonotic disease caused by contact with the monkeypox virus that belongs to the same family of viruses that include Variola Virus.

The Monkeypox virus can cause an illness with a generalised vesicular skin rash, fever and painful jaw swelling. Previous outbreaks have led to death in about 1 to 10 per cent of infected cases.
There is no specific medicine to treat the disease, but intensive supportive care helps patients to recover fully.

Monkeypox Outbreak: FG Is On Top Of The Situation – Don

The federal government of Nigeria is presently working round the clock to nip the outbreak of the suspected cases of monkeypox ravaging few states in the bud. This definitive and assertive statement was made by the director, African Centre of Excellence for Genomic of Infectious Diseases ACEGID, Redeemers` University, Ede, Osun State, Prof. Christian Happi when he conducted journalists round the centre for an on-the-spot assessment of research efforts  on monkeypox

Prof. Happi said the PMB led administration should be commended for the new breathe of life into Nigeria`s health sector, spirited efforts and determination of the federal ministry of health to move from the orthodox curative methodology of yesteryears to the global age preventive medicine to fight the scourge of infectious disease, ravaging the country. In his words, “ever since we were sent samples of  suspected patients of the monkeypox outbreak in Bayelsa, Ekiti and Lagos states, the honourable minister of health, prof. Isaac adewole has kept close contact with this centre to know the outcome of the analyzed samples. He commissioned us as a point of primary reference to determine the exact causative organism for the pox, part of which is to ascertain whether it is truly monkeypox or not”

The report of the samples taken which is presently undergoing analysis in our well-equipped laboratory will be out by the weekend, while the result WHO reference laboratory in Dakar Senegal will be secondary and second opinion as allowed in medical field. Happi further stated, that “it will interest you to know this same centre was where the  case of Ebola infectious disease was analyzed and discovered in 2014, and this is to tell you that Nigeria is abundantly blessed with human and material resources to solve and overcome its present challenges.

We have a collaborative partnership as a centre: ACEGID, the federal ministry of health and the national centre for disease control NCDC to determine the causative factors, therapeutic procedures and management of infectious disease in the country as ebola, lassa , chickenpox and monkeypox .The laboratory result will specifically ascertain if the ongoing outbreak is the central Africa monkeypox or that of the west Africa own which is more milder.

Earlier, the Acting VC of the university, Dr Emmanuel Adebayo while lamenting the neglect they have suffered in the hands of the previous administration of former president, goodluck jonathan for their efforts during Ebola crisis, till today we have not been appreciated, recognized or paid, the institution was still being owed a substantial sum of money for the job successfully carried out.

The commissioner for innovation, science and technology for the state of osun who was part of the government delegation to the centre applauded ACEGID for their forthrightness and steadfastness in contributing to the field of medicine through their various interventions. I must commend this laudable innovation of making this centre a reference point in Nigeria and as a government, we will work out robust partnership to sustain the various inventions for the benefit of mankind. The amiable governor of the state of osun, ogbeni rauf aregbesola has also directed that we constitute osun science and technology research council which will be saddled with the responsibility of promoting research outputs of the all tertiary institutions scattered across the length and breadth of osun to local and international investors for the economic advancement of the state and Nigeria in general.

12 Things To Know About Monkey Pox

Monkeypox is a rare and infectious disease caused by monkey virus, transmitted from animals to human, with symptoms similar to those of smallpox, although less severe.

 

The first incident of the disease in Nigeria was reported on September 22 in Bayelsa, and according to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), 31 suspected cases have been reported across seven states including Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun and Cross River.

 

To stay safe from this disease which has no known cure or vaccine, below are 12 things to know.

 

  1. Monkeypox occurs sporadically in some remote parts of central and West Africa. It was first discovered in monkeys hence the name, monkeypox.
  2. The disease was first identified in 1958 by the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, during an investigation into a pox-like disease among monkeys.
  3. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox.
  4. The infection can be contracted from direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected animals like monkeys, Gambian giant rats, squirrels, and rodents. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is a possible risk factor.
  5. Secondary, or human-to-human, transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
  6. The symptoms of monkeypox are similar to but milder than the symptoms of smallpox. Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, chills, and exhaustion. The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell while smallpox does not. The incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7-14 days but can range from 5−21 days. Within the first three days or more, after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.
  7. Monkeypox can be transmitted from human to human through physical touch, contact with stool, blood contact. Avoid contact with animals that could harbour the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
  8. Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick animal or person. Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk for infection.
  9. Practice good hand hygiene with or without contact with infected animals or humans. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  10. There is presently no known or proven, safe treatment for monkeypox virus infection.
  11. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication in 1980.
  12. Monkeypox has been shown to cause death in about as 10 percent of those who contract the disease. Children are more susceptible to the infection.

 

Update: 7 MonkeyPox Patients Recover Fully Recovered In Bayelsa

The State Commissioner for Information, Mr Daniel Iworiso-Markson, has said in a statenment on Wednesday in Yenoga that seven out of the 13 monkeypox patients on admission at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri in Bayelsa have fully recovered.

The contagious disease broke out three weeks ago in Agbura area of Yenagoa following reports that a family manifested symptoms of monkeypox after eating monkey meat.

He said the six other patients under medical surveillance at the teaching hospital were responding positively to treatment.

“The government has been able to successfully contain the spread of the disease as no new case has been reported in the last few days.

“With the way and manner government deployed its machinery and with the team of dedicated health and medical personnel, monkeypox will soon be fully kicked out of Bayelsa state,” he added.

Iworiso-Markson commended the state Ministry of Health and National Centre for Disease Control for their efforts in containing the disease.

The commissioner also appreciated people in the state for taking preventive measures against the further spread of the disease and urged them to maintain healthy lifestyle, environmental and personal hygiene.

According to him, feedback received from various channels in the state indicates that public enlightenment campaign, especially in local languages, have succeeded in alerting people to avoid actions that would further spread the disease.

Monkey Pox: Osun Govt. Set Up Quarantine Centres

Following the outbreak of monkey pox in more states, the Osun Government has set up three quarantine centres as measures to control the disease in case of an outbreak in the state.

The state Commissioner for Health, Dr Rafiu Isamotu, disclosed this at a news conference on Tuesday in Osogbo.

There have been reported cases of outbreak of monkey pox in seven states, including Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Ogun and Lagos.

Isamotu said two of the quarantine centres were located in Irepodun Local Government Area and the other, in Boripe Local Government.

He said though there had been no reported case of the disease in the state, government had put all its surveillance officials on a red alert.

The commissioner also said that the state government would train its health officials on how to handle patients in case of any incident.

He said the state government had also embarked on sensitisation programmes on television and radio on the causes and preventive measures against the disease.

According Isamotu, monkey pox is a viral infection which is self limiting with no specific treatment or vaccine for the cure.

The commissioner however said that the spread could be controlled.

He urged the residents to cultivate the habit of hand washing, endevour to thoroughly boil their meat before eating and avoid contact with infected persons.

He said some of the symptoms of the virus included, fever, headache and discomforting feelings.

Isamotu said government had dedicated two hotline telephone numbers: 08033908772 and 08035638608 through which residents could contact the relevant authorities, in case of any suspected outbreak.

He urged the people not to panic, adding that the state had what it took to prevent the spread of the virus in case of an outbreak.

“We are fully on alert and government is going to do everything possible to ensure that our people are safe,” he said.

(NAN)

Monkeypox Spreads to Akwa Ibom

The highly infectious Monkeypox disease which was recorded in Bayelsa State is now reported to have reached Akwa Ibom State.

One case of the disease, which was first detected in Bayelsa state, has been confirmed, the Akwa Ibom State Commissioner for Information and Strategy, Mr Charles Udoh, said. He added that two other suspected cases are under investigation.

Moneypox manifests as various stages of rash and an intense weakness among other things. Rashes, ranging from a few to several thousands, begins on the face, then palms and feet soles. The lesions (or rashes) later become fluid-filled blisters and lastly crusts which can affect the oral membranes, genitalia, eyelids and eyeballs.

Details later…