Presidency Releases Full List of Appointees

The presidency has today, November 4 released a full list of all the appointments made by President Muhammadu Buhari since he assumed office on May 29, 2015.

Femi Adesina, the special adviser to the president on Media and Publicity released the list on Saturday night. The presidency released the list in reaction to a newspaper publication in which northerners are said to have dominated President Buhari’s appointments.

Femi Adesina, debunked claims that President Muhammadu Buhari’s cabinet is populated with northerners. In a statement released on Saturday, November 4, Adesina said the report published by Business Day is mischievous and an attempt by the newspaper to mislead the public.

The other way round, the list reveals South-West is in favour of the appointments, which has obviously defeated the earlier rumored.

Alaafin names Aregbesola the “Omoluabi of Yorubaland”

…calls on people to pay their taxes.

A foremost traditional ruler in Nigeria, the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi has bestowed upon the Governor of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola the title of “Omoluabi of Yoruband” just as he urged Osun people to pay their taxes.

The Monarch who was at the Government House Osogbo to present the award stated that the Osun governor has always been at the forefront of projecting the “Omoluabi ethos” which the yoruba race has always preached.

He explained that he has always monitored the administrative and leadership style of the governor since inception of his administration, saying Ogbeni Aregbesola has always led along the line of a true “Omoluabi”.

According to the Alaafin, “The Yorubas are a tribe that always instill in their children and the youths all the characters of a responsible and well brought up individual, I have studied the leadership style of Aregbesola among all the governors in the country and have discovered that he is the only one whom have through his leadership style projected the “Omoluabi ethos” of the Youruba race.”

“Aregbesola is man that breathes responsibility at all times, we have always been hearing of an Omoluabi for a long time and am so happy that we now have a Governor who is leading by example”

As measure of the importance of his honour to Aregbesola, presented to him a photo compendium and signed framed portrait congratulating the governor on his new chieftaincy title of “Omoluabi of Yorubaland”.

He stated that the Osun governor has always been at the forefront of projecting the “Omoluabi ethos” which the yoruba race has always preached.

“It is a good thing to now have a person in the calibre of a governor who is portraying the “Omoluabi virtues” to the Nigerian youths.”

The royal father also used the opportunity to call on the people of Osun to support the government of the day by paying their taxes regularly, stressing that taxation is the most efficient and sure way to give the people good government.

Oba Adeyemi who lamented the dwindling nature of the federal allocation pointed out that the only way out of the economic logjam is for the people to carry out their civic responsibilities as individuals.

He added that if the people support the government of Aregbesola with their taxes, the present administration will find it easier to fulfill its obligations such as prompt payment of salaries and adequate provision of infrastructure, health care facilities and security.

He said, “All over the world, taxation is the way out, for government to be able to conveniently provide for all the amenities and pay salaries conveniently, the people must endeavour to pay their taxes regularly.”

“I want to urge the people of Osun to assist the present administration with the payment of their taxes, the present administration has done so much in terms of provision of social amenities such as construction of good roads, provision of affordable health care facilities, assistance for the aged.”

“I also know that the Aregbesola administration has been providing free school uniforms as well as feeding the school pupils, something which no government has ever done, not even the federal government.”

“If such a government now demands for a tax of just one thousand five hundred naira per individual in a year, I don’t think its too much.”

“We need to realise that it has come to a stage where government can no longer do it alone, Osun allocation has dropped drastically and government may not be able to pay salaries and provide other amenities again except we show our support through the regular payment of our taxes.” he stressed.

Responding, Governor Rauf Aregbesola noted that the reign of Oba Lamidi Adeyemi has been very peaceful and fruitful, while praying that God should make the royal father’s resign more peaceful and eventful.

Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola (middle), the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi (left) and Imam Daud imran Tijani, after an Award of Omoluabi of Yorubaland to Governor Aregbseola by the Alaafia of Oyo, at Government House, Osogbo, on Tuesday 05/1/2016.

Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola (middle), the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi (left),and Engineer Omon Uduokhai (right), during the conferment of Omoluabi of Yorubaland title on Aregbesola by Alaafin,at Government House, Osogbo,on Tuesday 05/1/2016.

Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola (right), the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi (left) and Imam Daud imran Tijani (middle), during the conferment of Omoluabi of Yorubaland title on Aregbesola by Alaafin, at Government House, Osogbo, on Tuesday 05/1/2016.

Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola and the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi, after being conferred with the title of Omoluabi of Yorubaland by the Paramount ruler, at Government House, Osogbo, on Tuesday 05/1/2016.

Milestone Photonews: Coronation Ceremony of the New Ooni of Ife – Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi (Ojaja II)

Governor of the State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola presenting the Staff of Office to the New Ooni of Ile-Ife, Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi, at the Enuwa Squre, Ile-Ife on Monday 07-12-2015
Governor of the State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola presenting the Staff of Office to the New Ooni of Ile-Ife, Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi, at the Enuwa Squre, Ile-Ife on Monday 07-12-2015
Coronation of New Ooni of Ife - From left, Vice President of Nigeria, Prof. Yemi Osibajo, Owa Obokun of Ijesaland, Oba Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran, Governor Rauf Aregbesola of State of Osun, and his wife
Coronation of New Ooni of Ife – From left, Vice President of Nigeria, Prof. Yemi Osibajo, Owa Obokun of Ijesaland, Oba Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran, Governor Rauf Aregbesola of State of Osun, and his wife
Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Saa'd Abubakar, Chief Bisi Akande; Governor Akinwumi Anbode, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola and the newly installed Ooni of Ile-Ife, Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi
Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Saa’d Abubakar, Chief Bisi Akande; Governor Akinwumi Anbode, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola and the newly installed Ooni of Ile-Ife, Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony - Governor Rauf Aregbesola presents staff of office and certificate to new Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony – Governor Rauf Aregbesola presents staff of office and certificate to new Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony - Aswaju Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola pose with Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony – Aswaju Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola pose with Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife - Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II
Ooni of Ife – Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II
Ooni of Ife - Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II
Ooni of Ife – Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony - Aswaju Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola pose with Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony – Aswaju Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola pose with Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Installation of Ooni - Oluwo of Iwoland, Oba Abdul Rasheed Adewale Akanbi, Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Saa'd Abubakar; Chief Bisi Akande, Governor Akinwumi Anbode, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola
Installation of Ooni – Oluwo of Iwoland, Oba Abdul Rasheed Adewale Akanbi, Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Saa’d Abubakar; Chief Bisi Akande, Governor Akinwumi Anbode, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Governor Rauf Aregbesola
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony - Governor Rauf Aregbesola presents staff of office and certificate to new Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Ooni of Ife Coronation Ceremony – Governor Rauf Aregbesola presents staff of office and certificate to new Ooni Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi

ANNOUNCEMENTS! OSUN PARTICIPATES IN PLANNED CSDP AND YESSO JOINT MISSION OF THE WORLD BANK

Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) is a World Bank assisted program of the Federal Government of Nigeria.

The State of Osun is amongst other States of the Federation participating in the implementation of YESSO.

The support operation is in line with the World Bank and Nigeria’s commitment to poverty reduction by permitting the poor to access increased opportunities for youth employment and social service delivery.

YESSO is supporting existing institutions to help strengthen capacities for poverty alleviation.

OSUN OYES Commandante - Retired Col. Eniibukun Oyewole
OSUN OYES Commandante – Retired Col. Eniibukun Oyewole

Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) is also a World Bank assisted project aimed at improving access to services for Human Development.

The project is expected to have positive impact with respect to human development outcomes through the financing of social and economic common goods as well as upward and downward accountability between communities and Local Government Areas and State.

WORLD BANK COMES TO OSUN NEXT WEEK
In line with the foregoing, the World Bank is coming to Osun for CDSP and YESSO joint supervision mission on the 18th and 19th of November 2015.

Mission objective is to support government on specific implementation and technical aspects related to on-going projects. This will include helping government in assessing progress on the agreed operation action plans in participating States.

The team is to be led by Dr Wale Oni from the World Bank and would be co-hosted by CSDP and YESSO.

‘Femi Ifaturoti
Coordinator, Osun YESSO
On behalf of CSDP and YESSO

Our New Minister, BRF Must Learn from “Uncle Bola Ige” – By Adebayo Rasheed Mabayoje

While wishing him success, the advice is needful that the newly appointed Minister of Power, Babatunde Raji Fashola, SAN should read the unwritten book- “Bola Ige and The Power that be in The Power Industry”. Though nobody can find any book of this title on any shelf because it’s my coinage, the title is philosophical and passes the message that BRF must learn from late Chief James Ajibola Idowu Adegoke Ige, SAN.

I learnt that “Uncle Bola Ige”, as he was popularly called, personally chose to administer the Power Ministry during former President Olusegun Obasanjo’s regime. He had determination, vigour and passion. He believed he could turn things around within months, and “let there be light”. But there was no light. Up till now, there has never been stable light in Nigeria! So what suddenly happened that Ige’s dream got busted and evaporated so that some cabal rejoiced. What happened is in that ‘book of the past’ that BRF should master.

Like Bola Ige, like BRF?
Like James Ajibola Idowu Adegoke Ige, SAN, Babatunde Raji Fasola, SAN is brilliant and has vigour too. That he unprecedentedly has to oversee three ministries is however attention catching. I don’t really envy this trinitized minister, though I vehemently pray for his sounding success. What?! Three-in-one minister! The Power Ministry is powerful. There are lots of work to be carried out in the Works Ministry, just as a lot of strategies must be housed for implementation of good ideas that would bring success in the Housing Ministry. No. I don’t envy the former Lagos State Governor.

Fashola sworn in as Minister of Power, Works and Housing Ministry by President Buhari
Fashola sworn in as Minister of Power, Works and Housing Ministry by President Buhari

No doubt, the entire 36 ministries are very much important. However, apart from the Ministry of petroleum, no other ministry has ever gotten as much funding as the powerful Ministry of Power. For example, a whopping sum of N2.74 trillion has so far been spent in attempts to improve power supply in Nigeria since 1999 to date. This fact was disclosed during the debrief of a Senate Committee investigating investments in the power sector in the 16 years of PDP rule in Nigeria. At the session, the arrow head of the Federal Ministry of Power, Ambassador Godknows Igali further explained that “From 1999 to date, 1.56 trillion was appropriated to us but actually only N948bn was released to the Ministry and the entire agencies under it. This amount covers all the entire investments in value chain. Yet Nigerians sleep in darkness and company close down for lack of electricity.

At the assumption of office, late Chief Bola Ige unexpectedly tried to examine previous activities of the Power Ministry in order to know from where to take off in relation to the plans of the ministry and yearnings of Nigerians. To some blocks within the sector, it was like “katakata wan bust”, “there are troubles in the offing!”

Today Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke, former Minister of Petroleum is synonymous with alleged unprecedented corruption in the Petroleum Ministry because, according to what many Nigerians say, she kind of chewed too much alone quite conspicuously. BRF, I presume would know that corruption is as much hydra-headed in the Power sector as it was in the petroleum sector under Diezani Alison-Madueke. The powerful petroleum lady-minister was just one bigger node within a network of wicked oil-drunks. BRF must see some senses in, and take cognizance of that. Hence, it is not out of place to state that the two Ministries of Petroleum and Power are crucial for the quick bounce of Nigeria. Petroleum as the bedrock of the national economy is expected to have powered the lights in Nigerians’ homes.

BRF must talk less. He must not be a “noise maker” minister. While studying previous files, he would discover how almost N3 trillion had been wasted on power under PDP 16 year rule. No doubt, he would have to ask some individuals some few questions, not probe, but there must be light in the homes of Nigerians. Whether this would translate to somebody sleeping behind bars is no big deal, in as much as it would make electricity to run uninterruptedly in Nigeria. Welders must get electricity to fabricate things. Small, medium and large industries must run on power that is not generated through diesel and petrol bought through the nose.

Whatever BRF has to do, he must develop capacity to detect possible mines that could have been planted by some cabal within the sector, just as he must develop and maintain deep cordiality with Mustapha Baba Shehuri, the Minister of State, Power, Works and Housing. The cabal in the power industry, especially, must not come between them. BRF must ensure that another Yoruba Senior Advocate of Nigeria must not “fail” and later got redeployed to become Attorney General and Minister of Justice. BRF must destroy set up, if any.

We’ll leave lasting legacy in education in Osun, …To name new school after Soyinka

The Governor of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola has on Wednesday said his administration will leave no stone unturned in giving Osun a legacy of an enhanced environment of learning‎ obtainable in any advanced country of the world.

This was even as the Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON) lauded the educational policies and programmes initiated by the Osun State Government under the leadership of Governor Rauf Aregbesola.

The governor stated this while receiving an Award of Excellence from the Association of Primary school Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON) in Osogbo.‎

Aregbesola noted that his government has come to the realisation that school environment largely determine the quality and character of students produced.

He stressed that as part of his administration’s commitment to the development of education in the state, government will be putting forward for use a High school facilty with the capacity of 3,000 students named after Prof. Wole Soyinka in Ejigbo on Monday‎

He thanked the Association for finding the state worthy of being the host of her National convention, contrary to adversarial media impression.

The Governor held that Osun is a safe haven and the best place for the meeting of serious minds, saying It is peaceful, safe and endowed with the beauty of nature in its grandeur. ‎

Aregbesola added that education has been a major policy thrust of his government in Osun since the inception of our administration and the reason for the considerable amount of resources and effort spent on education.‎

According to the Governor, “un‎doubtedly, education is also a common denominator between us; it is a passion we both share and it is my great desire that we both take it to a great level. On our part, we have given our possible best to education and will continue to do so.

“We are therefore building state of the art 100 elementary schools. The idea behind this is that there should be an elementary public school in every neighbourhood. We are also building 50 middle and 20 high schools. Out of these, 14 elementary schools, 15 middle schools and 11 high schools have been completed.

“Work is ongoing on the rest and they are at different stages of completion. It is our sincere hope that we shall complete them before the end of our tenure.

“On Monday, we are going to present our model high school, named after a worthy Nigerian and a great educationist himself, Prof Wole Soyinka. It is a school in a class of its own, that will accommodate 3,000 pupils, with full learning infrastructure”. The governor told the gathering.‎

The Association through its National President, Alhaji Mahmud Lawal commended the governor. For his giant stride in Education.

From left - Deputy Governor State of Osun, Mrs. Titi Laoye-Tomori, Governor Rauf Aregbesola, National President, Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), Alhaji Mahmud Lawal and Ataoja of Osogbo Land, Oba Jimoh Olanipekun, during the Conferment of Award of Excellence in Basic Education to the Governor by AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015
From left – Deputy Governor State of Osun, Mrs. Titi Laoye-Tomori, Governor Rauf Aregbesola, National President, Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), Alhaji Mahmud Lawal and Ataoja of Osogbo Land, Oba Jimoh Olanipekun, during the Conferment of
Award of Excellence in Basic Education to the Governor by AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015

From right-  National President, Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), Alhaji Mahmud Lawal, Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola, his Deputy, Mrs. Titi Laoye-Tomori and Senior Special Adviser to Anambra State Governor on Special Duties, Dr Amaka Akudo, during the Conferment of Award of Excellence in Basic Education to Governor Aregbrsola by AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.
From right- National President, Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), Alhaji Mahmud Lawal, Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola, his Deputy, Mrs. Titi Laoye-Tomori and Senior Special Adviser to Anambra State Governor on Special Duties, Dr Amaka Akudo, during the Conferment of Award of Excellence in Basic Education to Governor Aregbrsola by AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.
Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola and Ataoja of Osogbo Land, Oba Jimoh Olanipekun, during the Conferment of Award of Excellence in Basic Education to the Governor AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.
Governor State of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola and Ataoja of Osogbo Land, Oba Jimoh Olanipekun, during the Conferment of Award of Excellence in Basic Education to the Governor AOPSHON, at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.

Senior Special Adviser to Anambra State Governor on Special Duties, Dr Amaka Akudo Presenting an Award of Excellence to Governor Rauf Aregbesola of Osun, on behalf of the Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.
Senior Special Adviser to Anambra State Governor on Special Duties, Dr Amaka Akudo Presenting an Award of Excellence to Governor Rauf Aregbesola of Osun, on behalf of the Association of Primary Schools Headteachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON), at GMT Events Centre, Ring Road Area, Osogbo on Wednesday 18/11/2015.

He described the state educational policies as one of the best in the world, saying Governor Aregbesola has bridged the wider gap between the public and private education in the country.

Alhaji Lawal who identified with the state government on the current economic situation lauded Aregbesola for his unwavering support to quality education as he has provided a smooth template and conducive academic environment for pupils and students across the state.

He averred that in spite the current financial challenges being encountered by the present administration, the state didn’t deter from all the programmes embarked upon.

The (AOPSHON) National President contented that the state government has been building its educational policies on the solid rock of academic transformation, success and development which according to him has manifested in the quality of its pupils and students.

He said the provision of viable educational sector in the state has significantly translated into what he described as vibrant basic education knowledge acquisition which according to remain the best stage of learning.

According to him ” Osun State deserves a worthwhile commendation and encomium especially on its giant strides and laudable achievements in educational sector which had earned it several accolades and international recognition.

“Though our coming to Osun State was primarily to hold our annual National Seminar/Workshop and as well acknowledge the trends of general development and immense contributions of the current government in education most importantly elementary education.

“we have identified primary education as the most essential part of human life which must not be ignored by any serious government as it sets pace for subsequent knowledge acquisition and academic qualifications.

Ooduapathfinder Editorial: The Yoruba Question by

www.ooduapathfinder.com

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, in his speech to the Nigerian Legislative Council, had this to say: “we shall demand our rights when the time is ripe. We do want independence and we shall fight for it if necessary, but I should like to make it clear to you that if the British quit Nigeria now at this stage, the Northern people would continue their interrupted conquest to the sea.”

Nnamidi Azikiwe, as President of the Igbo State Union, said “it would appear that the gods of Africa has specially created the Igbo nation to lead the children of Africa from the bondage of the ages”, while another prominent Igbo, Charles Daddy Onyeama was the same time saying that “the domination of Nigeria, indeed Africa, by the Ibo race was a question of time”.

Oloye Obafemi Awolowo, on his part, had this to say: “Nigeria is not a nation. It is a mere geographical expression. There are no Nigerian in the same sense as there are English, Welsh or French. The word Nigeria is merely a distinctive appellation to distinguish those who live within the boundaries of Nigeria from those who do not.”

OBASANJO - AWOLOWO - TINUBU
OBASANJO – AWOLOWO – TINUBU

These statements, made around the same time, 1947-1949, in the heat of the push towards independence formed the foundational and continuous story of Nigeria where some parts would be thinking of reserving for themselves the right of a conquest, either by sheer force of arms or by a supposed divine mandate.

These historical trajectories had been at the expense of the Yoruba, who appeared to be the target of these adventures especially with the alliance between the aspiring domineers, such that the breakdown of the alliance in 1966 and its attendant Fun of violence against each other did not prevent further cementing of the alliance in peacetime. Having gone through fifty years of this alliance in one form or the other, everyone now realizes that the resultant political space is unsustainable.

Nowhere was this manifested more than our most recent past with the economic meltdown in the states and in the federal government itself; institutions that had been surviving solely on “allocations” from the federal government even as some claims were made as to increases in what is called internally generated revenue. The cost of running these bureaucracies at the state and central levels go over seventy percent of the total income of the entire country thus leaving no room for any capital for any form of development.

Yet, for the Yoruba Nation, our post-colonial experience showed that such a bureaucracy is antithetical to development as all it took us was in being rooted in a socio-cultural ethos based on the need to situate the Yoruba anti-colonial experience within the ambit of the development of “man”, which was why Federalism took root in Yorubaland and had since been the bedrock of our praxis.

This is borne from an appreciation by Oloye Obafemi Awolowo, not only because he was the major proponent of Constitutional re-engineering of Africa based on the recognition of the African to influence the trajectory of the world based on his inherent ability as a human being to determine his relationship within as well as without, which all boils down to the meaning of a Constitution as the formal establishment of a social, economic and political relationship between different people.

In his Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Lecture delivered in 1976, he had this to say about Constitutions:
“Constitution-making has, since independence, become a past-time in all parts of Africa. As soon as a new set of people accede to power, they find some pretext for introducing a new Constitution. Be that as it may, the point I wish to make here is that none of the Constitutions operating in Africa today are likely to endure beyond the tenure of those who make them and hand them down to the people, because they are fundamentally unsuitable in character for a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual or multi-national State.

“I have made a long and careful study of the problems involved in Constitution-making and, as a result, I have certain definite principles. Time does not permit me, in this lecture, to set out the theoretical and empirical bases for the principles which I am going to state presently. But if I may say so, without appearing immodest, I would refer those who are interested to two of my books entitled “thoughts on the Nigerian Constitution and the People’s republic which contain a full exposition of the said principles.

“Of all the 189 countries in the world, twenty have Federal Constitutions and the remaining 169 have Unitary Constitutions. The twenty Federal States have a population of 2400million, that is approximately two-thirds of the entire population of the world and as far as is known, in spite of occasional social upheavals in some of them, the character of their Constitutions, together with the basic provisions thereof, has endured because it is suitable for their respective peculiar conditions.

“I will now state the principles which I have evolved and relate each of them, as appropriate, to the twenty Federal countries and to other multi-lingual States with Unitary Constitutions. They are as follows:

(1) If a country is unilingual and uni-national, the Constitution must be unitary. Examples are: France, Italy, Portugal, Poland and Greece, among others, which are unilingual and have always had Unitary Constitutions.

(2) If a country is uni-lingual or bi-lingual or multi-lingual and also consists of communities, which, though belonging to the same nation or linguistic group, have, over a period of years, developed some important cultural divergences as well as autonomous geographical separateness, the Constitution must be Federal, and the constituent States must be organized on the dual basis of Language and geographical separateness. Examples are: USA, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Indonesia, the Federation of South Arabia, Australia, Austria, the two Germanys and Switzerland.

(3) If a country is bi-lingual or multi-lingual, the Constitution must be Federal, and the constituent States must be organized on a linguistic basis. Examples are: Canada, Mexico, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Czechoslovakia, the USSR and Yugoslavia.

(4) Any experiment with a Unitary Constitution in a bi-lingual or multi-lingual country must fail, in the long run. Examples are the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Belgium, Spain, Sri Lanka and Cyprus, all of which have, for some time, been experiencing incessant turmoil and violence because, though they are either bi-lingual or multi-lingual, yet they stubbornly insist on operating a Unitary Constitution.

If the vast majority of mankind, among them the USA, the USSR, China—the three super powers-and India—the harbinger of freedom from colonial rule—if all these countries, for what I sincerely think are very sound reasons, consider a certain form of Constitution suitable for some specified set of circumstances and adopt such a form of Constitution, African leaders would do well to learn from them and not follow the erring ways of Britain, Spain and others who have refused to learn, and are right now suffering the agonies of their errors. But before proceeding to learn, African leaders should endeavor to appreciate the true meanings of terms like Clan, Tribe and Ethnic or Linguistic or National Group, and the difference between tribalism and ethnicism. For it is not in a chemical laboratory alone that wrong labelling could lead to serious disaster and death. It could do so too in politics. The only difference is that in the former case, disaster is instant, whilst in the latter, it tends to be insidious and delayed.

If our leaders and all of us observe the principles enunciated above, it will be the easiest thing for us to fashion, for Africa’s multi-lingual States, a Constitution which will endure in its character and eliminate ab initio, the tendency to future secessionist agitation, because it preserves the pre-colonial co-eval status of each of the constituent ethnic or linguistic units, and allays the fears of minority groups.”

The above would be the further concretization of his 1945 statement which manifested in the quest for Federalism to which it appears everyone has now subscribed, one way or the other, even as secessionist tendencies also thrive. This is exactly the reason why Nigeria is presently in a position to set an example for the rest of Africa in a fundamental manner and the Yoruba have a lot of responsibility in this regard.

Such responsibility hangs on, among others, creating a pathway for its realization. Nigeria has had so many conferences whose reports have not seen the light of day such that aspiring or advocating for another will be a waste of time as well as an unnecessary ritual. Yet, the only way the aspirations of a people can be decided is through such a Conference or Convention, but now anchored on a Referendum among the various peoples simply because of the multi-lingual, multi-cultural composition of Nigeria itself.

This is all the more urgent considering the 2015 election experience and whose replication in 2019 is just around the corner. The economic meltdown and the corruption associated with it alongside the attempts at truncating the legal means of tackling corruption will leave no room for any form of radical transformation of the economy that will be needed to check the economic drift, hence the necessity to arrest this situation from its foundation—the political structure. The Yoruba Nation can begin this process by calling on the Attorney General of the Federation to hearken to this necessity based on his own convictions on Constitutional imperatives.

RECORD-BREAKING: Nigerian solves 156-Year-old problem in Maths FOR $1 MILLION DOLLARS

The 156 years old Riemann Hypothesis, the most important problem in Mathematics has been successfully solved by Nigeria Scholar, Dr Opeyemi Enoch.

With this breakthrough, Dr Enoch, who teaches at the Federal University, Oye Ekiti (FUOYE), has become the fourth egghead to resolve one of the seven Millennium Problems in Mathematics.

The Kogi State-born mathematician had, before now, worked on mathematical models and structures for generating electricity from sound, thunder and Oceanic bodies.

A statement in Ado Ekiti yesterday said Dr Enoch presentation of the Proof on November 11, 2015 during the International Conference on Mathematics and Computer Science in Vienna, Austria becomes more symbolic coming on the exact day and month 156 years after the problem was delivered by a German Mathematician in 1859.

The Riemann Zeta Hypothesis is one of the seven Millennium problems set forth by the Clay Mathematics Institute with a million Dollar reward for each solved problem for the past 16 years.

According to the statement, “Dr Enoch first investigated and then established the claims of Riemann. He went on to Consider and to correct the misconceptions that were communicated by Mathematicians in the past generations, thus paving way for his solutions and proofs to be established.

“He also showed how other problems of this kind can be formulated and obtained the matrix that Hilbert and Poly predicted will give these undiscovered solutions. He revealed how these solutions are applicable in cryptography, quantum information science and in quantum computers,” it stated.

Nigerian solves 156-Year-old problem in Maths - Riemann Zeta Hypothesis
Nigerian solves 156-Year-old problem in Maths – Riemann Zeta Hypothesis

Three of the problems had been solved and the prizes given to the winners. This makes it the fourth to be solved of all the seven problems.

Dr Enoch had previously designed a Prototype of a silo for peasant farmers and also discovered a scientific technique for detecting and tracking someone on an evil mission.

Enoch has succeeded in inventing methods by which oil pipelines can be protected from vandalism and he is currently working on Mathematical approaches to Climate Change

SOURCE: VANGUARD

Osun resumes distribution of Opon Imo in schools

*As Aregbesola gets kudos for landmark education achievements

The Governor of Osun, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola has on Friday said that his administration will not be deterred in its resolve to take education in the state to a greater height.

The governor stated this ‎in Ede during the second phase of flag-off and distribution of tablets of knowledge across the public secondary schools in the state.

‎Aregbesola who was represented by the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education, Mr. Lawrence Oyeniran described the intervention of the E-stand-alone tablet of knowledge as a fundamental breakthrough in education in the state.‎

He said “Opon Imo” is a serious achievement by his administration in education intervention and innovation that has received various commendations globally.

The Governor added that his government came up with this innovation to ensure better improvement in both internal and external examinations which he said had suffered a serious setback before his assumption in office.

Aregbesola disclosed that the distribution of the computer device will cut across the SSS 3 students in all the public schools in the state.

“We are here at Adventist High School, Ede to kick off the distribution of Tablets of Knowledge known as “Opon Imo” to all the high school students across the state of Osun.

“The tablets of knowledge which is acknowledged both nationally and internationally is a tablet that makes teaching and learning easier in our state.

“We request our students to make good and judicious use of it because it is a great opportunity for them to have a computer based tablets of knowledge to assist their learning technique.

OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCED IN OSUN STATE
OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCED IN OSUN STATE

OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN STATE
OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN STATE
OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN
OPON IMO 2ND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN
OPON IMO SECOND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCED IN OSUN STATE
OPON IMO SECOND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCED IN OSUN STATE

OPON IMO SECOND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN
OPON IMO SECOND PHASE DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS COMMENCES IN OSUN

“Aside from that, both principal and subject teachers should be enjoined to ensure that they give the desired guidance to the students on the proper use of Opon Imo in the sense that whoever for any reason among the beneficiaries (students) misapply its uses, it will attract N50,000 fine and this is backup by legislation of the Osun State House of Assembly.

“The distribution will go round the entire three senatorial districts of Osun State”, he said.

Commenting on why the first distributed Tablets of Knowledge were retrieved from the students, he said it was done to upgrade, repackage and give those students who have been promoted to SSS 3 class the equal opportunity to use the e-learning device.

“After a session, we retrieved those materials for upgrading, re packaging and repair because it was obvious that some of these materials might have been damaged by the beneficiaries since they are not meant for keep by the students.

“In as much as it is a tablet that is meant for generation yet unborn, there is need for both government and the students to see it as a valuable assets need to be carefully preserved and protected.

“Its use is mainly for students who are successfully promoted to SSS 3 class and these electronic device would be used for West African Senior School Certificate Examination(WASSCE), National Examination Council Examination (NECO), and Unified Tertiary
Matriculation Examination (UTME).

On the significant impact of Opon Imo since its introduction, Governor Aregbesola said since the advent of the electronic gadgets which serve as crucial educational intervention, the performance of students across the state has tremendously improved in terms of results and academic prizes.

He said, “When you look at the status of our education in terms of our students WAEC results, Academic accolades and performances in the past before the advent of ‘Opon Imo’ by juxtaposing it with the current situation in the education sector, there is no doubt in the fact that we have improved geometrically and purposefully.

“Our landmark achievents on education has been manifested in the quality of public school products.

“Spontaneous development has been recorded since the intervention of this technological initiative of our administration as our students results have improved through the academic tools being given to them, while their performance has been on the increase.

He charged the school principals of all the public schools in the state to convene meetings and interactive sections with parents of their students on the need to assist their wards on proper protection and preservation of the device given to them.

Aregbesola said, “There is need for the parents of our students to be properly oriented and enlightened on the carefully use of the Opon Imo because some students are very careless to the extent that they may misapply or misuse the device outside what it was meant for.

“The era whereby students can just misapply the opportunity given to them through tablets of knowledge has gone because there is a law being enacted by the State House of Assembly prohibiting such act and whoever breaches it would face the consequences.

“Therefore, our parents must be properly schooled and enlightened on the good maintenance of this device. They must be guided on its better uses as they are expected to take it as an essential commodity, because it is not for students to keep, they will use it and pass it on to those behind them after graduation.‎

MTN $5.2Bn Fine: No-Nonsense New Communications Minister Vows to Ensure Compliance

Abdul-Raheem Adebayo Shittu, minister of Communications, yesterday, has vowed to ensure strict compliance with the $5.2billion fine imposed on MTN Nigeria by the Nigeria Communications Commission (NCC) for failing to deactivate 5.2 million unregistered SIM users.

MTN has November 16 deadline to pay the fine billion or face other sanctions.

Shittu, at a dinner organised in his honour by his friends, said his primary concern is the interest of Nigeria and said that “Every country has its laws and regulations and once you violate those laws, you pay what you are supposed to pay. The regulatory authorities fined them and I don’t think they are challenging that fine, so I don’t think I have any role to play other than ensuring that that regulation is enforced to the letter.”

He further stated that, “the interest of Nigeria is most important. I am aware that MTN operates in about 18 countries, but from Nigeria alone, they make more than 50 percent of their profit. So, I don’t think they are going to complain about the fine because they know that they have violated Nigeria’s laws and they know that effect follows cause. So, something has happened, consequences have arisen and the rule of law requires that you obey.”

On what he hopes to bring on board as the Communications minister, he said, “Petroleum has been the source of our mainstay as a nation over the years. Previously it was agriculture, but over the last 20 or 25 years, it has been petroleum.

MTN - EVERYTIME YOU FOUL, EVERYTIME YOU PAY
MTN – EVERYTIME YOU FOUL, EVERYTIME YOU PAY

I believe that with our population of over 170 million, about a quarter of which is patronising or subscribing to telecommunication services which can be a huge source of revenue to the Nigerian economy in the next couple of years, because these services are very invaluable services, that people readily pay for even when those services being paid for are not totally satisfactory.”

He stressed that he would work towards improvement in the quality of telecommunications services as well as ensuring that Nigeria makes multiples of what it is currently making from telecommunication services.

On what Nigerians should expect in the next 90 days, he said there would be improvement in services and revenue generation into the national coffers.

Going through is background, he said he qualified as a lawyer in 1975 and “consistently I have been in politics, but this is the highest position I have ever held. I have been a member of the Oyo State House of Assembly; I have been a commissioner twice- 1983 and 2007.

That is at the state level. Again, I have been in Federal Government committees, but to be appointed as a minister of the Federal Republic, I feel very happy; I feel fulfilled and I thank God that he has brought today.”

SOURCE: NIGERIA COMMUNICATIONS WEEK