BREAKING: Niger Delta Avengers Threaten To Resume ‘Deadly’ Attacks

The Niger Delta Avengers has on Wednesday announced its plan to resume deadly attacks on oil installations and facilities in Nigeria’s oil-rich region.

Spokesperson of the militant group Murdoch Agbinibo in a statement which was published on the group’s website said the round of attacks will be the “most deadly and will be targeting the deep sea operations of the multinationals.”

Calling for the restructuring of Nigeria, the group said their plan to attack oil facilities in the oil-rich region of the country is due to killings and division happening in some parts of the country.

“On the 15th of January 2018, being the 62nd historic Remembrance Day of the 1956 discovery of commercial oil by Shell Darcy in the now forgotten and dejected Oloibiri Community in the Niger Delta; the high command of the ND Avengers summoned a meeting of all our operatives from across the Niger Delta to review the progress of our operations so far and deliberate on the planned actions for the future.

“It was agreed in that meeting that the killings and division presently playing out in Nigeria along divergent grounds makes this the perfect time to restructure this country. Our demand unambiguously is for the government to restructure this Country,” the statement read in part.

The group said after announcing a ceasefire in November 2017, some of the elders in Niger Delta intervened and appealed that they should ceasefire. The Avengers, therefore, said they are disappointed because the elders have not achieved any result.

“On the 3rd of November 2017 we promised to reactivate “operation red economy” but as usual some over patriotic elders intervened and appealed as they have done twice before then for us to avail them some more time to attend to the demands of the Niger Delta as championed by the Niger Delta Avengers.

“That we have not achieved any meaningful results despite the opportunities we have availed the Niger Delta elders means that they are either irresponsible or the Nigerian government is not sincere with them as it is their trade in stock.”

The group said they have resolved not to listen to the Niger Delta elders and all they wish for is Nigeria’s restructuring and a control the resources of oil-rich Niger Delta.

“We wish to state in plain terms that anybody against restructuring is an enemy of this country and particularly an enemy of the Niger Delta Avengers. We want to control our resources and directly use them to better our lot instead of been enslaved and made to beg before crumbs are released in a dress rehearsal-like manner to intervention agencies that are ineffective.

“While 1 Billion Dollars from the excess crude account is been released to fight a Boko Haram in the North; successive government acts blind to the very bold array of challenges our region from which this wealth is generated is facing.”

The group also accused the Nigerian Army of releasing 244 members of the Boko Haram sect to Borno state government while thousands of innocent Niger Delta youths suffer in various prisons across the country and demanded the release of Niger Delta activists held captive.

“It is on the above premise that we are demanding the immediate release of all Niger Deltans Activists and Freedom Fighters that are held captive by the Nigeria Armed Forces.”

Niger Delta Militants Threaten To Return To Armed Struggle Over Unpaid Allowances

Aggrieved ex-Niger Del­ta militants have urged the Federal Government of Nigeria to direct the Special Adviser to the President on Niger Delta Amnesty Programme, Brigadier Paul Borih to restore their names in the programme and continue their payments, or face unfavorable consequences in the country.

The ex-agitators made the demand in a letter to the Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, which was made available to journalists in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, yesterday.

According to the letter, the group frowned at the unfair treat­ment meted out to them by the Amnesty Office, by refusing to pay them their monthly allow­ance since October 2015.

Ikemini Markson, who is­sued the document on behalf of 56 former Niger Delta agitators, said they were the first batch of the Federal Government Am­nesty Programme, and won­dered why government sudden­ly stopped the payment.

Markson further claimed that there were over 300 ex-agita­tors facing the government’s deci­sion to put on hold payments of their allowances, saying that they had been exposed to unbearable hardship and dehumanization.

He stated: “It is pertinent to note that, we are the rightful ben­eficiaries of the Federal Govern­ment Amnesty Programme’s first batch as captured in the original biometric compilation since its inception in 2009, and recipi­ents of the Programme’s monthly stipends up until October 2015, when our payments were abrupt­ly halted and our names surrep­titiously removed.

“It is with utmost pain, but with the greatest sense of respon­sibility and respect for law and order, that we make this humble letter to you. We are beneficiar­ies of the late President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua’s Presidential Amnesty Programme. We are using this medium to inform you of the irregularities and cor­ruption that has eaten up the vi­sion of our late President, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua.

“Despite all measures to am­icably settle this issue through several letters written to the office of the Special Adviser to the Pres­ident on Amnesty Programme, our members have remained un­paid till this very moment, culmi­nating in over two years of strife, hardship and penury, capable of pushing us into unwholesome practices long forgotten and abandoned by us.

“Our instant burden stems from the cries of woes occasioned upon over 300 of our members, of which only 56 beneficiaries are courageous to defend and fight for our rights.

“The 56 of us are not just or­dinary Nigerians; we are, as it was, youths struggling to out­live environmental, social and political despoliation, degrada­tion and other denials emanating from the operations of the extrac­tive industries and multination­al oil and gas conglomerates, who have taken over the Niger Delta land, waters and air through ac­tivities of flow stations, pipe lin­ings, spillages and gas flares. All of which will not know anything close to abatement soon. Un­doubtedly, life is certainly un­bearably short and brutal for all of us already,” Markson lamented.

The ex-militants warned: “It is, therefore, a matter of ur­gent national importance that you intervene expeditiously be­fore this drum full of gunpowder blows up to cause more pains and mayhem to our Niger Delta and nation.

“We, therefore, on behalf of our members, urge you to use your good office to speedily in­tervene in this deplorable situa­tion and ensure the prompt pay­ment of our outstanding monthly stipends and restoration of our names back to the Amnesty Pro­gramme by directing the office of the Special Adviser on Amnesty as soon as possible, as we are also open for negotiation and peace.”



Source: Breaking Times

Army Commences Operation Crocodile Smile in Niger Delta

The Nigerian Army says it has deployed troops for the commencement of “Operation Crocodile Smile” in the six Niger Delta states.

Maj.-Gen. Enobong Udoh, the General Officer Commanding (GOC) 6 Division, Nigerian Army, Port Harcourt, said this on Saturday while addressing troops to signal commencement of the exercise.

Udoh said the operation was confidence building patrol rather than a show of force as widely reported.

“Operation Crocodile Smile is not a show of force but a confidence-building patrol that seeks to reassure the people of Rivers state and the Niger Delta that the army is ready to work.

“We are ready to work in close synergy and collaboration with other security services and agencies of government to ensure that there is peace and security for the people.

“Our operation aims to reassure the public that we are ready to fight crimes like cultism, militancy, and kidnapping so that people can go about their business without fear,” he said.

Udoh said that troops would carry out collaborative patrols with the Nigerian Police, Federal Road Safety Corps, Nigerian Immigration Service and the Department of State Security (DSS).

Others are Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps, Nigerian Customs Service and personnel of the Nigerian Prison Service.

He said the division would carry out the exercise in Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states while another formation would cover other states in the Niger Delta.

“Army, police and other security services was established to ensure peace; enforce law and order and create the enabling environment for economic activities to thrive.

“This is our ultimate mandate, and, as such, we urge Nigerians to give us the necessary support to enable us to succeed,” he said.

The three weeks exercise is slated for Oct. 7 to Oct. 28.


Osinbajo In Akure To Attend National Council On Niger Delta Meeting

The Vice President of Nigeria, Prof Yemi Osinbajo, has arrived Akure, the capital of Ondo State to attend 2nd National Council on Niger Delta meeting.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Osinbajo would deliver the keynote address at the event and later meet with communities of riverside areas of Ondo State.

Osinbajo, accompanied by the Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Usani Usani, was received on arrival by Gov. Oluwarotimi Akeredolu.

Also on the vice presidents entourage were the Minister of State, Niger Delta Affairs, Prof Claudius Daramola, and Sen. Victor Udoma, Chairman, Niger Delta Development Commission.

He touched down at the Akure airport amid tight security provided by the police, Army, Civil Defence Corps and road marshals among others.

Others at the airport to receive the vice president were the Speaker, Ondo state House of Assembly, Mr Bamidele Oleyeloogun, Secretary to the State Government, Ifedayo Abegunde and other top government officials.

Embrace The Niger Delta Master Plan – NDDC Urges Monarchs

The Niger Delta Development Commission, (NDDC) has urged traditional rulers in the South-South region of the country to embrace the master plan of the Niger Delta region.

The NDDC Chairman, Sen. Victor Ndoma-Egba, stated this when he received the delegation of the South-South Monarchs Forum led by King Edmund Daukoru, the Amayanabo of Nembe in Port Harcourt on Wednesday.

A statement by Mr Ibitoye Abosede, Director Corporate Affairs of The Commission, disclosed that the chairman decried the abandonment of the master plan shortly after it was launched in 2007.

“We must return to the Master Plan. We have to agree on whether to terminate the current Master Plan, update it or upgrade it. And we need the traditional institution to play a role in this process,” he said.

Ndoma-Egba stated that a comprehensive plan was necessary for any meaningful development and progresses to take place.

He said that the NDDC was collaborating with state governments as partners rather than alternatives or competitors for the overall development of the region.

According to the chairman, the region needs to be united in all its activities to achieve the desired peace and development in the Niger Delta.

He added: “There is no doubt that the South-South region has to speak with one voice and that is why engagements of this nature are very important because it will help us find a common ground.

“It will help us synchronize our thoughts and our ideas so that whenever and wherever we speak as leaders of the South-South, whether as traditional rulers or political leaders, we speak with one voice.

“I believe that the reality on the ground is that the traditional institution plays a role in ensuring peace, mobilizing for development, providing a forum for dialogue, or providing a framework for furthering an action with others in this country.”

On his part, Daukoru said that the landscape of the Niger Delta was dotted with “fruits from the Commission.”

“We are ready to partner with NDDC and give you all the encouragement you need and we are hoping that we will see a bit more of you in terms of outreach through us to the grassroots people.

“We also want to act as a channel and an advocacy institution for you so that through us, you will be able to communicate to the people whatever opportunities are open that they can participate more effectively.”

Daukoru, who was a former Minister of Petroleum, decried the past neglect of the Niger Delta, stressing that the monarchs are the “missing ingredient” needed to galvanize positive development in the region.


N/Delta Indigenes Give Terms for Modular Refineries’ Takeoff

. Want 100% funding of projects by govt
. Seek 50% investment of 13% derivation funds in schemes
. They’re alternatives to illegal refining, says govt

The proposed investments in community-based modular refinery projects across oil-bearing states of the Niger Delta will become a pipedream unless government reviews its model to accommodate divergent interests among youths in the region, according to stakeholders of the region.

Apart from the sudden reawakening of the old debate — on whether it is the beneficiary states or their oil-bearing communities that should manage the extant 13 per cent derivation fund — elders and youths in the area yesterday expressed misgivings about a refinery programme that lacks active indigenous participation and government’s readiness for 100 per cent funding.

But the presidency yesterday said the community-based refinery project is a genuine effort to provide alternative to illegal refining in the Niger Delta. Mr. Laolu Akande, the spokesman of the Acting President, said Minster of State for Petroleum Resources, Mr. Ibe Kachikwu, already has details of the programme. He said government would continue to engage oil communities to resolve all issues in executing the projects. According to Akande, the community-based modular refinery programme has always been discussed at the ministerial committee level. “The project will be private-sector driven ,” he assured.

Divergent opinions coming from elders and youths, from a region government expects to host the all-important projects, portend continued unrest, militancy, economic sabotage and environmental hazards caused by illegal refining by impoverished youths. “Indeed, there is the absolute need to ensure that host communities in the Niger Delta buy into the project and that they do this as a collective responsibility,” says Moritz Abazie, who runs Strides Energy and Maritime Ltd, a Port Harcourt-based oil and gas services firm.
“Any thing short of a collective agreement on the way forward will render the community-based modular refinery programme of government a pipedream and worsen our economic woes, ” he said.

Mr. Francis Ewherido, an Urhobo indigene of the Niger Delta who runs the Titan Insurance Brokers, agrees that the project could change the fortunes of the region but warns against hijack by a ew individuals. “The equity arrangement should be such that will benefit the majority of the people,” he said.

A modular refinery is made up of smaller and mobile parts that are more easily fabricated and more quickly transported to site. They come in different sizes with varying capacities normally lower than conventional refineries.

The official plan was evolved to curb the menace of dangerous and unauthorised artisanal refining after Acting President Yemi Osinbajo toured the restive Niger Delta communities on the behest of President Muhammadu Buhari. Sequel to that visit, the Buhari administration approved that new licences be issued for community-modular refineries to keep the ‘illegal’ activities of artisanal refiners in check. The arrangement allows a 40-per cent equity for oil-bearing communities while the Federal Government augments the effort through a 60-percent investment through its agencies, including the Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA), among others.

Even as elders and youths from the region yesterday re-iterated their support for the programme they told The Guardian that they were not willing to play a less than important role in the project and should therefore be allowed to determine 100 per cent of the investments.

Opinions on this differ: Dr. Wellington Okirika, the first executive chairman of Delta State Oil Producing Areas Development Commission (DESOPADEC) said the programme should provide ample opportunity for government to engage repentant militants trained abroad on oil and gas-related operations, an opinion reechoed by Comrade Sheriff Mulabe, who chairs the Kokodiagbene Community in Gbaramatu Kingdom, Warri, Delta State.
Wellington suggests that government, in executing the modular refinery projects, should borrow a leaf from previous efforts that were aborted by government’s failure to create the requisite incentives for investors. He said DESOPADEC under his leadership many years ago keyed into a Federal Government (modular refinery) programme in trying to industrialise the degraded environment of the oil communities for which the officials had reasons to visit Ventech Engineering, the world’s number one manufacturer of modular refinery components in the United States, among others. While admitting that the current conditions set by government are friendly to investors, he explained that the exorbitant licence and other guidelines at the time scared them away.

Wellington also noted that it would be difficult for communities to provide the 40 per cent equity needed to participate in the projects and suggested that half of the proceeds from the 13 per cent derivation fund allocated to states should be reserved for oil-bearing communities to attain the requirement. “How can oil communities in Niger Delta get 40 per cent of $250 million needed to set up a 20,000 barrels-per-day modular refinery?” he queried. “The 13 percent derivation fund is under the Exclusive Legislative List, and all that President Buhari needs to do is to issue another presidential directive that 40 per cent of the fund be paid to communities as contribution for the refinery project,” Wellington concluded.

But Austin Ojameruaye, president of the Uhrobo Progressive Union (UPU), Youth Wing in Lagos, thinks the Federal Government should address the 40 per cent equity option by taking what he referred to as “the Eleme Petrochemical Company option” by providing 100 per cent of the funding and allowing the communities net out the loans over the years during profit sharing.

Ijaw youths also expressed support for the project but noted that government should ensure that the target beneficiary should not be left out in the process of executing it. “Since the modular refinery idea is targeted at special people, efforts must be made to identify them and key them in,” Mr. Eric Omare, the president-general of the Ijaw Youth Council (IYC), told The Guardian on Tuesday.

He said policy hijack by politicians marred similar projects in the past. “There has been policy hijack in recent years; we do not want politicians to hijack the modular refinery project. Secondly, instead of looking for investors, government should allow the locals to get the investors. The Gbaramatu people, for instance, had done this without the Federal Government’s intervention. Government should be interested in regulation only. The percentage of equity should be determined by the communities, not the Federal Government.”
Omare’s position was re-emphasised by Mulabe, the chairman of the Gbaramatu Kingdom and Johnson Biboye, who commands the Iduwini Volunteer Force (IVF).
Biboye believes that government has not succeeded with its Amnesty Programme and that a similar tendency could truncate the proposed modular refinery projects for Niger Delta communities.

“Out of my 350 boys, only three were carried along by the Amnesty Office. They need to reach out to all the boys – not the elders,” he said. “The problem is with the youths. The elders are only benefitting themselves and their families. Government should come down to the youths.”

Mulabe said the refinery project has once availed government of an opportunity to effectively engage ex-militants who were trained abroad. “It will also create an opportunity for local refiners who government (wrongly) calls illegal refiners. Let this not be political modular refinery project but genuine project by government,’ Mulabe said.

“We are aware that over 30 licences were issued to various investors in 2011 and they will expire in June (next month). Any licence issued without the support of the community is political because it is the community that will provide land for the projects. Again, the modular refineries must be sited close to the source of crude.”

The Guardian

Host Communities Deserve 1% Royalty–Peterside

An entrepreneur, Mr Atedo Peterside, has urged the Federal Government to reserve one per cent royalty to host communities of oil and other mining and mineral activities.

Peterside made the submission at the 2017 Ist Quarterly Dinner of Kings College Old Boys’ Association Abuja Branch (KCOBA).

Delivering a paper entitled “Evolving Economy, Good Governance and Repositioning Nigeria,’’ Peterside said that relative stability had been achieved in Niger-Delta through the Vice-President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo’s interventions.

“The Federal Government should urgently pursue high-powered negotiations which should be brokered by persons with a healthy track-record in this activity and the ancillary pipeline protection business.

“In the longer term, I favour a constitutional amendment that reserves a one per cent royalty payment to immediate host communities on all mining producing activity including limestone, oil, precious stones among others.

“The good news is that significant progress has been achieved here following the mature and level-headed diplomatic initiatives led by the vice-president in recent months.

“The Federal Government should remember that appeasing militants is necessary in the short term, but the long-term solution is to embrace the constitutional amendment I refer above,’’ he said.

He listed some other impediments to economic recovery as multiple exchange rates, ineffective deregulation of the downstream petroleum sector, bloated civil service, infrastructural deficit, disobedience to court orders and dysfunctional legal system.

The founder of Stanbic IBTC Bank said that there was an urgent need for the restructuring of Nigeria as less than 25 per cent of the 36 states were economically viable.

Peterside said that restoring the confidence of investors should be the primary concern guiding every statement by public officers.

Earlier in his speech, Mr Miebaka Adoki, Chairman KCOBA, said that primary objective of government was to better the welfare of the people.

He said that the current economic challenges in the country had re-engineered the spirit of togetherness among the old boys of Kings College.

Adoki said that the primary objective of KCOBA was to sustain the wellbeing of Kings College and promote team spirit among the old boys.


Senate To Pass Petroleum Industry Bill Soon

In an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) at Auchi, headquarters of the Etsako-West Local Government Area of Edo, Senator Clifford Odia (PDP-Edo Central) said that the Senate would soon pass the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB).

The lawmaker assured the people of the Niger Delta that the senate was working assiduously to ensure that the people of the South-South geopolitical Zone get some signs of relief, with the passage of the bill.

“There are so many of them, but talking about the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), that would be passed very soon. That has to do with the operations of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and their subsidiaries.“And of course, as a Senator from the Niger Delta, who believes that the bill is indeed very important to our people, for the oil industry to become very well structured, so that our people can benefit maximally, that is the very one that is so dear to my heart,’’ he said.

Reps to Investigate Lack of Funds for Amnesty

Nigeria’s House of Representatives, the lower house of parliament on Tuesday launched a probe into a lack of funding for an amnesty programme for militants in the country’s oil-producing heartland, a key factor in maintaining a tenuous peace in the Niger Delta and supporting crude production.

Failure to maintain funding for former militants under the 2009 amnesty could jeopardise the relative stability in the Delta and even result in oil production being choked off, as it was last year by militant attacks that cut crude output by as much as a third.

Nigeria’s House of Representatives will “investigate the circumstances leading to funding constraints affecting the amnesty programme, with a view to avoiding reoccurrence and report back to the House within two weeks for further legislative action,” it said in a motion.

It also said it would urge the finance minister to release the 15 billion naira ($49 million) set aside in the 2016 budget for the amnesty programme.

The finance ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“The situation is becoming more serious … as tension and threats are already palpable in the Niger Delta Region and amongst the beneficiaries of the programme,” said the lower chamber.

Five months of arrears are owed to former militants, as well as education fees for students in Nigeria and overseas, it said.

Last month, former militant leaders in the Niger Delta urged the government to pay out delayed amnesty stipends or face protests.

The government is now in talks with militants to end the attacks that cut Nigeria’s output by 700,000 barrels a day (bpd) for several months last year, reducing total production at that time to about 1.2 million bpd.

Presidency Orders Contractors in Niger Delta to Resume Work Within 30 days

The Federal Government has given contractors 30 days to resume delayed development projects in the Niger Delta oil region or face prosecution, the presidency said on Tuesday.

The government has been trying to build new roads and launch other projects to drag the region out of poverty and create jobs, aiming to give local people alternatives to joining the militants attacking oil facilities.

The government has “directed that the list of all contractors who have not returned to site within the stipulated period be compiled and submitted to the Ministry of Justice and the Economic Financial Crimes Commission for investigation and prosecution,” it said in a statement.

Many projects have been delayed due to the collapse in oil revenues or to graft accusations.

The presidency also ordered the ministry of environment to ensure “progress” of an cleanup of oil spills in the Ogoniland area, a project delayed for years.

“The Federal Government has issued a new set of directives in its bid to accelerate the implementation of the (President Muhammadu) Buhari administration’s new vision for the development of the Niger Delta,” it said in a statement, referring to the contractors’ order.

The government has been holding talks with militants to end attacks on oil production facilities which cut the OPEC member’s output by 700,000 barrels a day for several months last year.

But a lack of development and an army crackdown on thousands of illegal refineries in the southern swamps, which process crude oil stolen from oil majors and state oil firm NNPC, have raised tensions.

Militants behind last year’s attacks called for more of Nigeria’s energy wealth to go to the Delta.


Federal Government Approves New Package For Niger Delta

The Presidency has finally come out with a bumper package aimed at accelerating the return of peace to the troubled Niger Delta region and ensure steady production of oil, Nigeria’s biggest foreign exchange earner, and gas, the badly-needed feedstock for the nation’s power generating plants.

On the cards are the renewal, and re-award of existing oil pipeline protection contracts, possibly to militant leaders; overhaul of the Presidential Amnesty Programme, and the immediate take-off of the controversial National Maritime University, Okerenkoko in Gbaramatu, Delta State. It was gathered from presidency sources that the  Federal Government is considering the vexatious issue of pipeline protection contracts, which were handled by key militant leaders under the previous administration but abruptly terminated when the Buhari administration took over. However, it was learned that in a bid to ensure peace, the Presidency had already directed the Ministry of Petroleum Resources to look at the protection contracts for the pipelines to ensure that host communities are also incorporated, while ensuring a comprehensive review of existing ones.

A top Presidency official, who is familiar with the roadmap being fine-tuned by the Buhari administration to address the crisis in the Niger Delta, confirmed to Vanguard, last night, necessary directives have been given to the agencies of the administration saddled with the strategic tasks to revamp the Niger Delta and give the people a new lease of life. According to the official, an implantation planning meeting was held, last week, in the Presidency where several ministers and relevant MDAs started putting draft measures that will ensure the immediate take-off of the programmes aimed at transforming the region. On the Maritime University, under the comprehensive work plan for the development of the Niger Delta, the Federal Government has activated a process for the smooth take-off of the institution, with the Petroleum Trust Development Fund as the lead agency in the implementation of the plan, another presidency source disclosed.

“In this regard, the Federal Government is considering the release of a substantial take-off grant for the university while awaiting the conclusion of legislation on the establishment of the university by the National Assembly. “The Federal Government is also seeking international collaboration with universities across the world for commencement of academic programmes at the university.

“The Presidency has directed the Ministry of Petroleum Resources in conjunction with the Petroleum Trust Development Fund, PTDF and other stakeholders to come up with a proposal for an effective funding model for the university. “The Presidency has also directed the NDDC to liaise with the relevant agencies and organisations to facilitate the construction of an access road that will pass through Escravos to the university in Gbaramatu community.

On modular refineries, unlike in the past when the government attempted to chase away illegal refiners, the source said the administration was considering securing crude for them to refine under certain conditions.

The source said, “The modular refinery initiative of the administration will be private sector led and will entail independent indigenous oil producers working with oil-producing communities to formalize the process of converting illegal refineries in their domains into legal entities that would be run in collaboration with government. “Under the new arrangement, the Federal Government is considering a situation where operators of illegal refineries in the oil-producing communities will legally receive crude oil at reasonable rates for refining while modalities would be worked out for them to register such refineries as legal entities.

According to the presidency source,

“Under the new plan, operators of such illegal refineries could become shareholders with additional investments made in their businesses.” It was learned that the presidency has directed the Ministry of Petroleum Resources, as the anchor of the modular refinery initiative, to work in conjunction with the NDDC and state governments in the region to actualize the goal. The presidency, it was also gathered, has directed the NDDC to evolve a strategy that would organise all modular refinery operators in the region into co-operatives to enable them access better funding and related support from the relevant organizations.

Credit: Vanguard