Women Are More At Risk Of Developing Chronic Kidney Disease

A new research has shown that women are more at risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) than men.

This was revealed by a Consultant Nephrologist, Dr Theophillus Umeizudike, who works at Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja in an interview with News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Lagos on Thursday, said women are more at risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) than men.

He spoke against the backdrop of the World Kidney Day (WKD) marked annually on the second Thursday in March.

The 2018 WKD coincides with International Women’s Day (IWD), marked annually on March 8 and the theme for this year’s WKD is “Kidneys and Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower.”

The consultant said factors such as pregnancy induced hypertension, unwanted pregnancies resulting to abortion, and auto-immune diseases put women at risk of kidney disease.

Umeizudike added that “women with progressing pregnancies may be at risk of pregnancy induced hypertension which usually tends to affect teenagers or those in their early 20s and late 40s.

“Also, those who have had many children may be at risk of pregnancy induced hypertension, a risk factor for pre-eclampsia or eclampsia and these can impact on both mother and child.

“The other aspect of women’s health that makes them prone to kidney disease is that women tend to have auto-immune diseases, a condition where the body fights itself.

“The diseases common to women include systemic lupus erythematosus, arthritis, and many other disorders which affect the kidneys.”

He, therefore, advised women of reproductive age and were pregnant to register in a health facility to be well monitored during pregnancy.

He also advised women who had unwanted pregnancies not to terminate them as it could result to infections which could cause kidney diseases.

He noted that “one in five per cent of women may be affected by pregnancy induced hypertension and so they need to be detected early to prevent complications.

“Usually, women who were treated for eclampsia during pregnancy may have their blood pressures normalised after delivery.

“However, some years down the line, the woman may be at risk of developing hypertension, a risk factor for kidney disease.

“So, if treated during pregnancy, women still need to be monitored to be sure she is not developing hypertension or it is not persisting.

“Women should also imbibe the culture of checking their health status on yearly basis to be sure that there is nothing wrong with their vital organs.”

According to an online journal — Kidney International — WKD and IWD commemorated on the same day is an opportunity to highlight the importance of women’s health and particularly their kidney health.

The journal is the official journal of the International Society of Nephrology.

It stated that “on its 13th anniversary, WKD promotes affordable and equitable access to health education, health care, and prevention for all women and girls in the world.

“The coinciding of WKD and IWD offers an opportunity to develop and define best practices and future research agendas.

“Ultimately, to optimise outcomes of present and future generations living with or at risk for kidney disease.

“Advocating for improved access to care for women is critical to maintain the health of families, communities and populations.”


Israel Doctors Grow Bone Tissues To Treat Patients

Doctors in Israel have boosted about a successful first operation of its kind involving a new piece of bone grown in a lab being successfully implanted into a man’s broken shin.

The bone tissue was cultured using the patient’s own stem cells, taken from fat tissue, said Shai Meretzki, the head of Bonus Biogroup which carried out the process.

It took only two weeks to grow the new bone tissue, which was then inserted into the man’s shin.

Meretzki said surgeons wrapped muscle fibres around the new bone tissue segment to help stabilise it.

He said within two months it had developed into normal bone and bonded to the surrounding shin bone.

The 44-year-old patient, who had broken his shin bone in a bicycle accident, had initially undergone an operation to repair the damage by having a nail inserted into the bone, but the hole still remained, doctor Nimrod Rozen said at the Haemek hospital in northern Israel.



WHO Confirms Cases Of Lassa Fever In Taraba State

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has confirmed twelve cases of Lassa fever in six out of the sixteen local government areas of Taraba state.

According to WHO representatives operating in the State, disclosed that patients of the confirmed cases who emanated from Ardo-Kola, Bali, Gashak, Gassol Ibi and Jalingo local government councils are presently receiving medical attention at the various isolated centers located at both the Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Jalingo and the state specialist hospital.

This was revealed on Monday at a one day sensitization workshop organized by the State Ministry of Health for health workers, has it that while three of the confirmed cases have been positive, three have as well been confirmed dead.

Dr. Zeto Philip of the WHO made this known on behalf of the state coordinator of the organization, Alhaji Umar Farouk, said over 297 suspected cases of the epidemic have been unraveled in the country with twenty-two death said to have been recorded in thirteen states.

Philip said that the death mortality rate occasioned by Lassa fever has risen to 25 per cent even as he beckoned at the various state governments to rise up to the challenges. “It is expected that the way the government at the center is working, the states should as well take cue.”

According to the WHO, Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic fever illness that is known to be endemic in various West African countries including Nigeria. “As of June 9, 2017, a total of 501 suspected cases including 104 deaths was reported since the onset of the Lassa fever outbreaks season in December 2016.

“… During the 2016 and 2017 Lassa fever outbreak, 17 Nigerian states (Anambra, Bauchi, Borno, Cross-River, Ebonyi, Edo, Enugu, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Kogi, Nasarawa, Ogun, Ondo, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba) have reported at least one confirmed case. As of June 9, 2017, the outbreak is still active in nine states (Anambra, Bauchi, Cross-River, Edo, Taraba, Nasarawa, Ondo, Plateau, and Kano).”


Fresh Case Of Zika Virus Recorded

The National Environment Agency’s (NEA) has alerted the general public that a fresh case of Zika virus has been recorded in Singapore.

According to an update published on the NEA website, the case, which was diagnosed and reported to authorities on Jan.18, is the first of its kind in 2018 since the disease was thought to be eradicated from the country in September 2017.

NEA said the case appears to be an isolated one as there are no identified Zika clusters currently in the country.

The first case of locally transmitted Zika was first reported in August 2016, and 450 people were confirmed to have been infected by the end of the year.

The virus, which is spread by an infected Aedes mosquito, has been linked with neurological diseases and birth defects such as microcephaly, which causes babies to be born with a smaller head due to abnormalities in brain development.

A widespread epidemic of the Zika virus that originated in Brazil and swept through South and North America prompted the WHO to declare it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2016 once its effects were discovered.

A joint sequencing study conducted in 2016 by the health ministry and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research found that the Zika strains circulating in Singapore were not imported from South America.

Invariably the virus in fact was similar to those which have been percolating in Southeast Asia since the 1960s.

However, whether this strain of the virus has the potential to wreak more or less harm than the South American strain is still unknown.

Zika virus is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus.

Its name comes from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947.


Common Colds And Flu

Recently, the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) forecast that in some parts of the country, haze will be experienced and true to the forecast, many Nigerian towns are still experiencing harmattan haze.

Prior to the resumption of academic activities, the haze was prominent; some days after the resumption, there was a respite but suddenly the hazy weather resurfaced.

Haze is usually accompanied with dusts, which impedes visibility and apart from this, it also has health implications especially for children. It is not only children who are exposed and prone to catching this infection. Adults are also prone to catching it and this is due to the fact that our daily activity involves us going out of our homes and into the open.

Up to 1.5 million cases of colds and flu is reported in Nigeria annually. This piece is aimed at enlightenment on the causes of common colds/flu, steps to prevent, treatment and home remedy.

What is Flu (Common Colds Or Influenza)?

Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu is highly contagious and is normally spread by the coughs and sneezes of an infected person. Although unpleasant, flu is rarely life-threatening.

All the flu and cold such as common colds, including chest cold and head cold, and seasonal flu are caused by viruses.

Colds and flu always go away without medicine because they are caused by virus. It does not call for the use of any strong antibiotics as the body immune system would fight it.

Causes of Colds and the Flu:

It can be caused when a tiny dose of a virus is inhaled into the nasal passages from droplets sneezed or coughed into the air or transmitted by contaminated fingers (hand to hand contact). It can also be due to a poorly functioning immune system. Colds can also be contacted by walking barefoot in the rain (rainy season). The virus then moves to the back of the nose, where it attaches itself to the adenoid area and begins to reproduce.

Symptoms/Signs of Colds and the Flu:

Symptoms of common colds include sore throat, runny nose, congestion and cough. The symptoms also include profound fatigue which may last up to two weeks or more depending on the individual immune system. Flu symptoms are similar, but include mild fever, headache and muscle soreness and there may be mild diarrhea, especially in young children. Not everyone with the flu will run a fever.

The body’s immune system has to be up and running in order for the human body to be able to resist all types of illnesses. There are some acts we indulge in which may run contrary to the optimum functioning of the immune system. These acts include, eating too much sugar and too many grains, ineffectively managing emotional stresses in your daily life, not getting enough rest, lack of Vitamin D in the body.

Steps To Prevent Colds and the Flu:

  1. Getting enough sleep and eating well helps prevent colds. Sleep has a lot of advantage to the body as it helps the body to grow and ensures replacement of worn out tissues and cells.
  2. Take more of fruit as source of vitamin C -Fruit like oranges, tomatoes, and others – would help especially in this season because fruits are in abundance.

III.           We should make hand washing a habit. Washing hands every time especially before touching your face, nose, mouth, or anything you put into your mouth is also a good step to prevention.

  1. IV. Unlike what many people believe, colds do not come from getting cold or wet though getting very cold, wet, or tired can make a cold worse. But you could contact cold from others who have the infection and sneeze the virus into the air.

In order to avoid spreading the virus to others, the sick person should eat and sleep separately and take special care to keep far away from little children and infant babies. The infected persons should cover their noses and mouths when they cough or sneeze, and wash their hands often if possible. To prevent colds from leading to ear aches, try not to blow your nose just wipe it. Steps should be taken to teach the children not to blow their nose but wipe it.

Treatment for Colds and the Flu:

Although, flu vaccines can prevent certain strains, there is no much you can do after you get sick. Take some drugs like analgesics within 48 hours after to ease the symptoms. Drink lots of fluids. No special diet is needed. However, fruit juices, especially orange juice or lemonade, are helpful. Get plenty of rest. Go to the nearest health facility or registered pharmacy to get painkillers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve all the pains, antihistamines and decongestants to help with congestion.

Antibiotics don’t treat the flu. They only work against bacteria, as the flu is caused by a virus.

At home, there are assorted remedies which can be applied to get a relief. Care should be taken to note that cure is not instant. Since it is a viral infection, it will run its course but treatment would bring relief and curtail rate of spread of the virus (which is harmless). At home, the following can be used:

Garlic– A strong natural antibiotic, antifungal, and antibacterial. Garlic can tackle almost any illness. If you are sick enough, you won’t even notice the taste.

Hydrogen Peroxide– At the first sign of cold, flu, sinus infection, or ear infection, put a dropper full of hydrogen peroxide into each ear. Have the person lie still with the hydrogen peroxide in the ear until it stops bubbling. Do this on both sides. This is especially effective for children. Repeat every few hours until the infection is gone.

Hot Liquids– This one is very popular among Nigerians. The heat helps boost immune system and a variety of herbs can help with infection.

Face Steam– Boil water in a kettle. Remove from heat pour it inside a big bowl, add menthol like Robb. Cover for 5 minutes with a lid, and then remove lid and put face directly over pot with towel covering your head to hold in the heat. Breathe in the steam as long as you can, aim for 15 minutes. This will help loosen congestion and kill viruses and bacteria in the lungs, bronchials or sinuses. Alternately, vinegar can also be poured into the steam.

Remove White Foods– At the first sign of illness, completely remove all white foods from the diet. This includes grains, sugars, milk, cheese, dairy, sweeteners, soda, etc. These foods suppress immune function and slow the body’s healing ability. When you are ill, you don’t actually need to eat a lot of food, as the body needs to focus more on healing than digestion.

Hydrate and Rest– If the body is running a fever (which means it is fighting the illness) the best support you can give is to stay well hydrated on water and herbal teas and to rest enough. The body needs several extra hours of rest a day when ill, and often several extra glasses of water also. If you are running a fever, it is easier to get dehydrated, so drink enough water.

Complications of Colds and the Flu:

Hearing loss and Pneumonia are some of the negative effects of common colds on the body.

Sinusitis is an infection of the small air-filled cavities inside the cheekbones and forehead. It develops in up to 1 in every 50 adults and older children who have a cold.

A chest infection such as bronchitis and pneumonia can occur after a cold, as your immune system is temporarily weakened.


Toothpaste Could Fight Drug-Resistant Strains Of Malaria

A research carried out in part by an Artificially-Intelligent (AI)‘robot scientist’ has found that a common ingredient of toothpaste can be developed to fight drug-resistant strains of malaria.

From the study in the journal Scientific Reports, scientists from Britain’s Cambridge University who used the AI robot to conduct high-throughput screening said the ingredient, triclosan, showed the potential to interrupt malaria infections at two critical stages – in the liver and the blood.

WHO says malaria kills around half a million people every year, the vast majority of them children in the poorest parts of Africa.

The disease can be treated with a number of drugs, but resistance to these medicines is increasing, raising the risk that some strains may become untreatable in the future.

Because of this, the search for new medicines was becoming increasingly urgent, said Steve Oliver of Cambridge University’s biochemistry department, who co-led the work with Elizabeth Bilsland.

After being transferred into a new host via a mosquito bite, malaria parasites work their way into the liver, where they mature and reproduce.

They then move into red blood cells, multiply and spread around the body, causing fever and potentially life-threatening complications.

Scientists have known for some time that triclosan can halt malaria parasites’ growth at the blood stage of the infection by inhibiting the action of an enzyme known as Enoyl Reductase (ENR), which is involved in production of fatty acids.

In toothpaste, this helps prevent a build-up of plaque bacteria.

In this latest work, however, Bilsland’s team found that triclosan also inhibits an entirely different enzyme of the malaria parasite, called DHFR.

DHFR is the target of the antimalarial pyrimethamine, a drug to which malaria parasites are increasingly developing resistance, particularly in Africa.

The Cambridge team’s work showed that triclosan was able to target and act on this enzyme even in pyrimethamine-resistant parasites.

“The discovery by our robot colleague that triclosan is effective against malaria targets offers hope that we may be able to use it to develop a new drug,” said Elizabeth Bilsland, who co-led the work.

“We know it is a safe compound, and its ability to target two points in the malaria parasite’s lifecycle means the parasite will find it difficult to evolve resistance.”

The Artificial Intelligence robot scientist used in the study – nicknamed Eve – was designed to automate and speed up the drug discovery process.

It does this by automatically developing and testing hypotheses to explain observations, running experiments using laboratory robotics, interpreting the results, altering the hypotheses, and then repeating the cycle.


Paracetamol Damages The Liver And Kidney- Chairman Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria

The FCT Chapter Chairman of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN), Mr Jelili Kilani has warned against indiscriminate or misuse of Paracetamol, saying such practice damages the liver and kidney.

Kilani who disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja on Tuesday emphasised that Paracetamol, an analgesic, was not suppose to be misused.

Kilani defined drug misuse as the use of drug for purposes for which it was not intended or using a drug in excessive quantities.

He further described drug abuse as an ill-wind which its effect might not manifest immediately but later in life.

The chairman, however, decried the usual practice of taking about three or more tablet of Paracetamol at once to fast track healing processes.

“By engaging in such practice, you are damaging your internal organs like the liver and kidney, which if care is not taken, such damages cannot be remedy.’’

Kilani, therefore, urged the general public to desist from misuse of Paracetamol in order to avert inflicting injury to their system.

“Misuse of drug is when somebody is tired and decides to take three or more tablet of Paracetamol simply because he wanted a quicker or higher effect.

“As good as Paracetamol is, if not properly taken, it damages the liver and kidney; the only drug that is harmless to the body is water.

“I advise the public to desist from self medication.

“If anyone is experiencing feverish condition or body pains after taking Paracetamol once and the symptoms persist, they should consult medical doctors rather than taking the drug continuously,” he said.


Tackling Health Issues With Garlic (Ayuu)

Garlic is a plant with packed health benefits. It is very strong and bitter but adds an unbelievable flavour to the cuisine. This miraculous herb has been used since time immemorial as a medicine to prevent or treat various diseases and conditions.

In Nigeria today, majority are dying and many are on sick beds, whereas garlic can be a solution to some of their sicknesses. Lukman Ussein, Chairman, United Nigeria Herbalist Association, Laka/Abaolu Unit, Osogbo, State of Osun, looks into the health benefits of Garlic.

Anti-bacterial and Anti-viral

Garlic is most well-known for its anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. They help control bacterial, viral, fungal, yeast and worm infections. Fresh garlic is thought to plays a role in preventing food poisoning by killing bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella enteritidis, etc.

To treat skin infections

The chemical ajoene found in garlic may help treat fungal skin infections like ringworm and athlete’s foot.

Blood thinning

The anti-clotting properties of ajoene found in garlic help in preventing the formation of blood clots in the body.

Reduces  blood pressure

Angiotensin II is a protein that helps our blood vessels contract thereby increasing the blood pressure. Allicin in garlic blocks the activity of angiotensin II and helps in reducing blood pressure. The polysulphides present in garlic are converted into a gas called hydrogen sulphide by the red blood cells. Hydrogen sulphide dilates our blood vessels and helps control blood pressure.

Protects  the heart

Garlic protects our heart against cardiovascular problems like heart attacks and atherosclerosis. This cardio-protective property can be attributed to various factors. With age, the arteries tend to lose their ability to stretch. Garlic may help reduce this and may also protect the heart from the damaging effects of free oxygen radicals. The sulphur-containing compounds of garlic also prevent our blood vessels from becoming blocked and slow the development of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). The anti-clotting properties of ajoene help prevent clots from forming inside the blood vessels.

Reduce cholesterol

Garlic has the ability to moderately lower our blood triglycerides and total cholesterol and reduce arterial plaque formation.

Combat allergies

Garlic is known to have anti-inflammatory property. It can help the body fight against allergies. The anti-arthritic property of garlic is due to diallyl sulphide and thiacremonone. Garlic has been shown to improve allergic airway inflammation (allergic rhinitis). Raw garlic juice may be used to immediately stop the itching due to rashes and bug bites.

Remedy for respiratory problems

Daily use of garlic might reduce the frequency and number of colds. Its antibacterial properties help in treating throat irritations. Garlic may also reduce the severity of upper respiratory tract infections. Its benefits in disorders of the lungs like asthma, difficulty of breathing, etc. make it a priceless medicine. Its ability to promote expectoration makes it irreplaceable in chronic bronchitis.


Garlic increases insulin release and regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics.

Effective against warts and corns

Applying fat dissolving garlic extracts to corns on the feet and warts on the hands is thought to improve these conditions.

Cancer prevention

Daily intake of garlic has been found to lower risk of most types of cancer. This anti-cancer property is due to allyl sulphides found in garlic. PhIP, a type of heterocyclic amine (HCA), has been associated with increased incidence of breast cancer among women. According to studies, diallyl sulphide found in garlic inhibits the transformation of PhIP into carcinogens.

Improves iron metabolism

Ferroportin is a protein which helps in iron absorption and release. Diallyl sulphides in garlic increase production of ferroportin and h elp improve iron metabolism.

Stirs up passions

Garlic’s aphrodisiac property is due to its ability to increase the circulation.


Simply put some crushed garlic clove directly on the affected tooth can help relieve toothaches due to its antibacterial and analgesic properties. But be aware that it can be irritating to the gum.

Reduces weight

Many researchers believe that obesity is a state of long-term low-grade inflammation. According to recent research, garlic may help to regulate the formation of fat cells in our body. Pre-adipocytes are converted into fat cells (adipocytes) through inflammatory system activity. The anti-inflammatory property of 1, 2-DT (1, 2-vinyldithiin) found in garlic may help inhibit this conversion. This may help prevent weight gain.

Peptic Ulcer With Francis Ezediuno

The festive period has passed but before and during the period, a lot of people had so much to eat and wine with much that the aftermath of this may end up causing more harm to their body than good.

While feasting, some folks may not have had the luxury of eating and drinking to their heart desire.

Some people may complain of stomach pain or vomiting after eating a little food. The primary reasons for this could have been Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD).

What are peptic ulcers?

Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. They are usually formed as a result of inflammation caused by the bacteria H. pylori, as well as from erosion from stomach acids. Peptic ulcers are a fairly common health problem.

There are three types of peptic ulcers. These are:

  1. Gastric ulcers: Ulcers that develop inside the stomach.
  2. Esophageal ulcers: Ulcers that develop inside the esophagus.

iii.           Duodenal ulcers: Ulcers that develop in the upper section of the small intestines, called the duodenum.

Causes Of Peptic Ulcers                       

Different factors can cause the lining of the stomach, the esophagus, and the small intestine to break down. These include:

  1. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a type of bacteria that can cause a stomach infection and inflammation.
  2. Frequent use of aspirin (Bayer), ibuprofen (Advil), and other anti-inflammatory drugs (risk associated with this behaviour increases in women and people over the age of 60).
  3. Smoking
  4. Drinking too much alcohol.
  5. Radiation therapy.
  6. Stomach cancer.

Symptoms Of Peptic Ulcers

The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is burning abdominal pain that extends from the navel to the chest, which can range from mild to severe. In some cases, the pain may wake you up at night. Small peptic ulcers may not produce any symptoms in the early phases.

Other common signs of a peptic ulcer include:

  1. Changes in appetite
  2. Nausea

iii.           Bloody or dark stools.

  1. Unexplained weight loss.
  2. Indigestion.
  3. Vomiting.

vii.          Chest pain.

Diagnosis (Tests and exams for peptic ulcers)

Two types of tests are available to diagnose a peptic ulcer. They are called upper endoscopy and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series.

Upper endoscopy: In this procedure, the doctor inserts a long tube with a camera down the throat and into the stomach and small intestine to examine the area for ulcers. This instrument also allows the doctor to remove tissue samples for examination.

Not all cases require an upper endoscopy. However, this procedure is recommended for people with a higher risk of stomach cancer. This includes people over the age of 45, as well as people who experience: anemia, weight loss, gastrointestinal bleeding and difficulty while swallowing.

Upper GI: If you don’t have difficulty swallowing and have a low risk of stomach cancer, the doctor may recommend an upper GI test instead. For this procedure, you’ll drink a thick liquid called barium (barium swallow). Then a technician will take an X-ray of the stomach, esophagus, and small intestine. The liquid will make it possible for your doctor to view and treat the ulcer.

Because H. pylori is one of the causes of peptic ulcers, the doctor will also run a test to check for this infection in your stomach.

Treatment (How to treat a peptic ulcer)

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the ulcer. If tests show that there is a H. pylori infection, the doctor will prescribe a combination of medication. The patient will have to take the medications for up to two weeks. The medications include antibiotics to help kill infections and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to help reduce stomach acid.

The patient may experience minor side effects like diarrhoea or an upset stomach from antibiotic regimens. If these side effects cause significant discomfort or don’t get better over time, the patient is advised to talk to their doctor.

If the doctor determines that there is absence of a H. pylori infection, they may recommend a prescription or over-the-counter PPI (such as Prilosec or Prevacid) for up to eight weeks to reduce stomach acid and help your ulcer heal.

Acid blockers like ranitidine (Zantac) or famotidine (Pepcid) can also reduce stomach acid and ulcer pain. These medications are available as a prescription and also over the counter in lower doses.

The doctor may also prescribe sucralfate (Carafate) which will coat the stomach and reduce symptoms of peptic ulcers.

Complications of a peptic ulcer

Untreated ulcers can become worse over time. They can lead to other more serious health complications such as:

Perforation: A hole develops in the lining of the stomach or small intestine and causes an infection. A sign of a perforated ulcer is sudden, severe abdominal pain.

Internal bleeding: Bleeding ulcers can result in significant blood loss and thus require hospitalization. Signs of a bleeding ulcer include lightheadedness, dizziness, and black stools.

Scar tissue: This is thick tissue that develops after an injury. This tissue makes it difficult for food to pass through your digestive tract. Signs of scar tissue include vomiting and weight loss.

All three complications are serious and may require surgery. Patients are advised to seek urgent medical attention if they experience the following symptoms: sudden, sharp abdominal pain, fainting, excessive sweating, or confusion, as these may be signs of shock, blood in vomit or stool, abdomen that is hard to the touch, abdominal pain that worsens with movement but improves with lying completely still.

How to prevent peptic ulcers

Certain lifestyle choices and habits can reduce your risk of developing peptic ulcers. These include:

  1. not drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day.
  2. not mixing alcohol with medication.

iii.           washing your hands frequently to avoid infections.

  1. limiting your use of ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen (Aleve).
  2. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by quitting smoking cigarettes and other tobacco

use and eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help you prevent developing a peptic ulcer.

Jigawa State Declared Polio Free

Executive Secretary of the Jigawa Primary Healthcare Development Agency (JSPHDA), Dr Kabir Ibrahim has stated during an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Dutse on Thursday that the state has not recorded any new polio case in six years.

Poliomyelitis also known as polio is an infectious decease that leads to muscle weakness. This then leads to the person’s inability to move mostly the legs but in rare cases the neck and head muscles and diaphragm.

 He said concerted efforts of the state government, traditional institution and other relevant stakeholders played a great role in tackling the disease.

The official, however, decried what he called the nonchalant attitude of some parents on the impotance of polio immunisation.

He added that the agency, in collaboration with other stakeholders, are doing their best in educating people on the need and importance of the immunization.

“The major challenge we are facing concerning polio immunization is that some people have poor health seeking behavior.

“Sometimes, you have to put pressure on patents, go to the villages and communities, to beg them to provide immunisation services for their children.

“Immunisation is supposed to be done in hospitals, but yet you have go to these villages and communities to beg sometimes.

“Notwithstanding, we are still educating such category of parents on the need to accept polio and other routine immunizations, and we are recording improvement in such regard,” he said.

The executive secretary, therefore, urged all parents across the state to desist from acts capable of hampering efforts in eradicating the disease.

Ibrahim also commended traditional, religious leaders and relevant stakeholders for working as “change agents” and for sensitising residents on polio and other routine immunisations in the state.



NCDC Confirms 45 Deaths From Yellow Fever

NIGERIA Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, has confirmed a total of 45 deaths from yellow fever in the country.

This was disclosed in an outbreak situation report, saying that 45 deaths were recorded, nine were confirmed by the World Health Organisation, WHO, reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal.

According to the report, “Total number of deaths in all cases (among suspected, probable and confirmed cases) is 45, and 9 among confirmed cases – Case fatality rate for all cases (including suspected, probable and confirmed) is 12.6 percent, and 27.3 percent for confirmed cases.

“In the reporting week, one new confirmed case from Borgu LGA Niger State was confirmed by the WHO Reference Laboratory, Dakar- the first confirmed case in Niger. The current outbreak started in Ifelodun LGA, Kwara State on September 12 2017, and according to the report, a total of 358 suspected yellow fever cases have been line-listed.

“Of the 358 suspected cases, 230 (64.2 percent), Predominant age groups affected are 20 years and below accounting for 67.8 percent while male to female ratio is 1.6 to 1. A yellow fever outbreak is currently active in the country with confirmed cases in Kwara, Kogi, Kano, Zamfara, Kebbi, Nasarawa and Niger.

However, 16 states have reported suspected cases. They include Abia, Borno, Kogi, Kwara, Kebbi, Plateau, Zamfara, Enugu, Oyo, Anambra and Edo. Others are Lagos, Kano, Nasarawa, Katsina and Niger states.”