Paracetamol Damages The Liver And Kidney- Chairman Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria

The FCT Chapter Chairman of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN), Mr Jelili Kilani has warned against indiscriminate or misuse of Paracetamol, saying such practice damages the liver and kidney.

Kilani who disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja on Tuesday emphasised that Paracetamol, an analgesic, was not suppose to be misused.

Kilani defined drug misuse as the use of drug for purposes for which it was not intended or using a drug in excessive quantities.

He further described drug abuse as an ill-wind which its effect might not manifest immediately but later in life.

The chairman, however, decried the usual practice of taking about three or more tablet of Paracetamol at once to fast track healing processes.

“By engaging in such practice, you are damaging your internal organs like the liver and kidney, which if care is not taken, such damages cannot be remedy.’’

Kilani, therefore, urged the general public to desist from misuse of Paracetamol in order to avert inflicting injury to their system.

“Misuse of drug is when somebody is tired and decides to take three or more tablet of Paracetamol simply because he wanted a quicker or higher effect.

“As good as Paracetamol is, if not properly taken, it damages the liver and kidney; the only drug that is harmless to the body is water.

“I advise the public to desist from self medication.

“If anyone is experiencing feverish condition or body pains after taking Paracetamol once and the symptoms persist, they should consult medical doctors rather than taking the drug continuously,” he said.

 

Tackling Health Issues With Garlic (Ayuu)

Garlic is a plant with packed health benefits. It is very strong and bitter but adds an unbelievable flavour to the cuisine. This miraculous herb has been used since time immemorial as a medicine to prevent or treat various diseases and conditions.

In Nigeria today, majority are dying and many are on sick beds, whereas garlic can be a solution to some of their sicknesses. Lukman Ussein, Chairman, United Nigeria Herbalist Association, Laka/Abaolu Unit, Osogbo, State of Osun, looks into the health benefits of Garlic.

Anti-bacterial and Anti-viral

Garlic is most well-known for its anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. They help control bacterial, viral, fungal, yeast and worm infections. Fresh garlic is thought to plays a role in preventing food poisoning by killing bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella enteritidis, etc.

To treat skin infections

The chemical ajoene found in garlic may help treat fungal skin infections like ringworm and athlete’s foot.

Blood thinning

The anti-clotting properties of ajoene found in garlic help in preventing the formation of blood clots in the body.

Reduces  blood pressure

Angiotensin II is a protein that helps our blood vessels contract thereby increasing the blood pressure. Allicin in garlic blocks the activity of angiotensin II and helps in reducing blood pressure. The polysulphides present in garlic are converted into a gas called hydrogen sulphide by the red blood cells. Hydrogen sulphide dilates our blood vessels and helps control blood pressure.

Protects  the heart

Garlic protects our heart against cardiovascular problems like heart attacks and atherosclerosis. This cardio-protective property can be attributed to various factors. With age, the arteries tend to lose their ability to stretch. Garlic may help reduce this and may also protect the heart from the damaging effects of free oxygen radicals. The sulphur-containing compounds of garlic also prevent our blood vessels from becoming blocked and slow the development of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). The anti-clotting properties of ajoene help prevent clots from forming inside the blood vessels.

Reduce cholesterol

Garlic has the ability to moderately lower our blood triglycerides and total cholesterol and reduce arterial plaque formation.

Combat allergies

Garlic is known to have anti-inflammatory property. It can help the body fight against allergies. The anti-arthritic property of garlic is due to diallyl sulphide and thiacremonone. Garlic has been shown to improve allergic airway inflammation (allergic rhinitis). Raw garlic juice may be used to immediately stop the itching due to rashes and bug bites.

Remedy for respiratory problems

Daily use of garlic might reduce the frequency and number of colds. Its antibacterial properties help in treating throat irritations. Garlic may also reduce the severity of upper respiratory tract infections. Its benefits in disorders of the lungs like asthma, difficulty of breathing, etc. make it a priceless medicine. Its ability to promote expectoration makes it irreplaceable in chronic bronchitis.

Diabetes

Garlic increases insulin release and regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics.

Effective against warts and corns

Applying fat dissolving garlic extracts to corns on the feet and warts on the hands is thought to improve these conditions.

Cancer prevention

Daily intake of garlic has been found to lower risk of most types of cancer. This anti-cancer property is due to allyl sulphides found in garlic. PhIP, a type of heterocyclic amine (HCA), has been associated with increased incidence of breast cancer among women. According to studies, diallyl sulphide found in garlic inhibits the transformation of PhIP into carcinogens.

Improves iron metabolism

Ferroportin is a protein which helps in iron absorption and release. Diallyl sulphides in garlic increase production of ferroportin and h elp improve iron metabolism.

Stirs up passions

Garlic’s aphrodisiac property is due to its ability to increase the circulation.

Toothaches

Simply put some crushed garlic clove directly on the affected tooth can help relieve toothaches due to its antibacterial and analgesic properties. But be aware that it can be irritating to the gum.

Reduces weight

Many researchers believe that obesity is a state of long-term low-grade inflammation. According to recent research, garlic may help to regulate the formation of fat cells in our body. Pre-adipocytes are converted into fat cells (adipocytes) through inflammatory system activity. The anti-inflammatory property of 1, 2-DT (1, 2-vinyldithiin) found in garlic may help inhibit this conversion. This may help prevent weight gain.

Peptic Ulcer With Francis Ezediuno

The festive period has passed but before and during the period, a lot of people had so much to eat and wine with much that the aftermath of this may end up causing more harm to their body than good.

While feasting, some folks may not have had the luxury of eating and drinking to their heart desire.

Some people may complain of stomach pain or vomiting after eating a little food. The primary reasons for this could have been Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD).

What are peptic ulcers?

Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. They are usually formed as a result of inflammation caused by the bacteria H. pylori, as well as from erosion from stomach acids. Peptic ulcers are a fairly common health problem.

There are three types of peptic ulcers. These are:

  1. Gastric ulcers: Ulcers that develop inside the stomach.
  2. Esophageal ulcers: Ulcers that develop inside the esophagus.

iii.           Duodenal ulcers: Ulcers that develop in the upper section of the small intestines, called the duodenum.

Causes Of Peptic Ulcers                       

Different factors can cause the lining of the stomach, the esophagus, and the small intestine to break down. These include:

  1. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a type of bacteria that can cause a stomach infection and inflammation.
  2. Frequent use of aspirin (Bayer), ibuprofen (Advil), and other anti-inflammatory drugs (risk associated with this behaviour increases in women and people over the age of 60).
  3. Smoking
  4. Drinking too much alcohol.
  5. Radiation therapy.
  6. Stomach cancer.

Symptoms Of Peptic Ulcers

The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is burning abdominal pain that extends from the navel to the chest, which can range from mild to severe. In some cases, the pain may wake you up at night. Small peptic ulcers may not produce any symptoms in the early phases.

Other common signs of a peptic ulcer include:

  1. Changes in appetite
  2. Nausea

iii.           Bloody or dark stools.

  1. Unexplained weight loss.
  2. Indigestion.
  3. Vomiting.

vii.          Chest pain.

Diagnosis (Tests and exams for peptic ulcers)

Two types of tests are available to diagnose a peptic ulcer. They are called upper endoscopy and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series.

Upper endoscopy: In this procedure, the doctor inserts a long tube with a camera down the throat and into the stomach and small intestine to examine the area for ulcers. This instrument also allows the doctor to remove tissue samples for examination.

Not all cases require an upper endoscopy. However, this procedure is recommended for people with a higher risk of stomach cancer. This includes people over the age of 45, as well as people who experience: anemia, weight loss, gastrointestinal bleeding and difficulty while swallowing.

Upper GI: If you don’t have difficulty swallowing and have a low risk of stomach cancer, the doctor may recommend an upper GI test instead. For this procedure, you’ll drink a thick liquid called barium (barium swallow). Then a technician will take an X-ray of the stomach, esophagus, and small intestine. The liquid will make it possible for your doctor to view and treat the ulcer.

Because H. pylori is one of the causes of peptic ulcers, the doctor will also run a test to check for this infection in your stomach.

Treatment (How to treat a peptic ulcer)

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the ulcer. If tests show that there is a H. pylori infection, the doctor will prescribe a combination of medication. The patient will have to take the medications for up to two weeks. The medications include antibiotics to help kill infections and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to help reduce stomach acid.

The patient may experience minor side effects like diarrhoea or an upset stomach from antibiotic regimens. If these side effects cause significant discomfort or don’t get better over time, the patient is advised to talk to their doctor.

If the doctor determines that there is absence of a H. pylori infection, they may recommend a prescription or over-the-counter PPI (such as Prilosec or Prevacid) for up to eight weeks to reduce stomach acid and help your ulcer heal.

Acid blockers like ranitidine (Zantac) or famotidine (Pepcid) can also reduce stomach acid and ulcer pain. These medications are available as a prescription and also over the counter in lower doses.

The doctor may also prescribe sucralfate (Carafate) which will coat the stomach and reduce symptoms of peptic ulcers.

Complications of a peptic ulcer

Untreated ulcers can become worse over time. They can lead to other more serious health complications such as:

Perforation: A hole develops in the lining of the stomach or small intestine and causes an infection. A sign of a perforated ulcer is sudden, severe abdominal pain.

Internal bleeding: Bleeding ulcers can result in significant blood loss and thus require hospitalization. Signs of a bleeding ulcer include lightheadedness, dizziness, and black stools.

Scar tissue: This is thick tissue that develops after an injury. This tissue makes it difficult for food to pass through your digestive tract. Signs of scar tissue include vomiting and weight loss.

All three complications are serious and may require surgery. Patients are advised to seek urgent medical attention if they experience the following symptoms: sudden, sharp abdominal pain, fainting, excessive sweating, or confusion, as these may be signs of shock, blood in vomit or stool, abdomen that is hard to the touch, abdominal pain that worsens with movement but improves with lying completely still.

How to prevent peptic ulcers

Certain lifestyle choices and habits can reduce your risk of developing peptic ulcers. These include:

  1. not drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day.
  2. not mixing alcohol with medication.

iii.           washing your hands frequently to avoid infections.

  1. limiting your use of ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen (Aleve).
  2. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by quitting smoking cigarettes and other tobacco

use and eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help you prevent developing a peptic ulcer.

Jigawa State Declared Polio Free

Executive Secretary of the Jigawa Primary Healthcare Development Agency (JSPHDA), Dr Kabir Ibrahim has stated during an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Dutse on Thursday that the state has not recorded any new polio case in six years.

Poliomyelitis also known as polio is an infectious decease that leads to muscle weakness. This then leads to the person’s inability to move mostly the legs but in rare cases the neck and head muscles and diaphragm.

 He said concerted efforts of the state government, traditional institution and other relevant stakeholders played a great role in tackling the disease.

The official, however, decried what he called the nonchalant attitude of some parents on the impotance of polio immunisation.

He added that the agency, in collaboration with other stakeholders, are doing their best in educating people on the need and importance of the immunization.

“The major challenge we are facing concerning polio immunization is that some people have poor health seeking behavior.

“Sometimes, you have to put pressure on patents, go to the villages and communities, to beg them to provide immunisation services for their children.

“Immunisation is supposed to be done in hospitals, but yet you have go to these villages and communities to beg sometimes.

“Notwithstanding, we are still educating such category of parents on the need to accept polio and other routine immunizations, and we are recording improvement in such regard,” he said.

The executive secretary, therefore, urged all parents across the state to desist from acts capable of hampering efforts in eradicating the disease.

Ibrahim also commended traditional, religious leaders and relevant stakeholders for working as “change agents” and for sensitising residents on polio and other routine immunisations in the state.

 

 

NCDC Confirms 45 Deaths From Yellow Fever

NIGERIA Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, has confirmed a total of 45 deaths from yellow fever in the country.

This was disclosed in an outbreak situation report, saying that 45 deaths were recorded, nine were confirmed by the World Health Organisation, WHO, reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal.

According to the report, “Total number of deaths in all cases (among suspected, probable and confirmed cases) is 45, and 9 among confirmed cases – Case fatality rate for all cases (including suspected, probable and confirmed) is 12.6 percent, and 27.3 percent for confirmed cases.

“In the reporting week, one new confirmed case from Borgu LGA Niger State was confirmed by the WHO Reference Laboratory, Dakar- the first confirmed case in Niger. The current outbreak started in Ifelodun LGA, Kwara State on September 12 2017, and according to the report, a total of 358 suspected yellow fever cases have been line-listed.

“Of the 358 suspected cases, 230 (64.2 percent), Predominant age groups affected are 20 years and below accounting for 67.8 percent while male to female ratio is 1.6 to 1. A yellow fever outbreak is currently active in the country with confirmed cases in Kwara, Kogi, Kano, Zamfara, Kebbi, Nasarawa and Niger.

However, 16 states have reported suspected cases. They include Abia, Borno, Kogi, Kwara, Kebbi, Plateau, Zamfara, Enugu, Oyo, Anambra and Edo. Others are Lagos, Kano, Nasarawa, Katsina and Niger states.”

 

Wi-fi And Cellphones Increases Risk Of Miscarriage- Research

A new research reveals that Wi-fi and cellphones increase pregnant women’s risk of suffering a miscarriage by nearly 50 percent, new research reveals.

Magnetic field (MF) non-ionizing radiation, which is also given off by power lines and cell towers, has been found in past studies to put a stress on the body, leading to genetic damage that can cause pregnant women to miscarry.

Those exposed to the highest levels of MF radiation are 48 percent more likely to lose their baby than women exposed to the lowest amounts, the United States (U.S.) study found

MF radiation, which everyone is exposed to at some extent, has previously been linked to cancer and has been recommended by the World Health Organization to be studied for its effect on pregnancies.

Miscarriages affect between 15 and 20 percent of pregnancies in the US. They are defined as losing babies less than 20 weeks into their gestation.

The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

How was the research carried out? Researchers from the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland, California, analyzed 913 pregnant women at varying stages of their gestation.

Some of the study’s participants had previously suffered at least one miscarriage.

All of the participants carried an EMDEX Lite meter, which measures MF-radiation exposure, for 24 hours on a typical day.

Their pregnancy outcomes were followed for the duration of their gestation.

Results reveal pregnant women with the highest MF-radiation exposure have a 48 percent greater risk of miscarrying than those with the lowest exposure.

Among pregnant women exposed to the highest levels of MF radiation, 24.2 per cent had a miscarriage compared to 10.4 per cent of those exposed to the lowest amounts.

This risk occurs regardless of whether women have suffered miscarriages in the past and are therefore more likely to lose another baby before its birth.

 

 

Osun Launches Four New Health Programmes

It was a carnival-like atmosphere at the Nelson Mandela Freedom Park, Osogbo, as the government of the State of Osun flagged-off a four-in-one programme of health activities embarked upon by the administration of Governor Rauf Aregbesola.

The four-in-one programme is a combination of sensational events which includes; Saving One Million Lives Programme for Results; December edition of the Maternal Newborn and Child Healthcare Week; Sustainable Development Goals and distribution of 12,500 Mama kits for pregnant women in the state.

In his address, the governor harped on the need for family planning amongst parents in the state.

His advocacy was based on the fact that Nigeria with a population of 193 million people was on the brink of population explosion.

According to him, “in the next few years, Nigeria with a population of 193 million people will be the 3rd most populated country in the world after China and India.

“In order to help control the level of population growth which is fast overtaking the resources available to cater for such growth, government should encourage family planning to achieve optimum development”.

Aregbesola made it known that no religion kicked against family planning, as it is a worlwide phenomena that the rate of population growth globally was unprecedented.

He also stated that as part of the efforts of his government towards encouraging family planning, he was distributing 12,500 Mama Kits for pregnant women all over the state.

Meanwhile, in a bid to boost health of its citizens, the Aregbesola administration has embarked on the repair of health centres spread across the state and ensured that free health care is the bedrock of the government’s health policy.

In his welcome address, the state Commissioner for Health, Dr. Rafiu Isamotu stated that the ‘Save One Million Lives Programme for Results’ was a federal government programme supported by the World Bank which focuses on maternal and child health.

He said: “About 900,000 children and mothers die every year in Nigeria largely from preventable diseases. The Save One Million Lives Programme for Results (SOML PforR) is designed to drive the institutional process needed in saving mothers and children from avoidable deaths.

“The programme is designed to catalyse change in the way health business is done by focusing on results rather than the inputs”.

Isamotu revealed that the aim of SOML PforR was to promote competition in the day to day activities, assuring that the programme would be used to rate the performance of health workers and facilities.

He also revealed that an award for the best performing health facility and the best performing local government in the state had been instituted.

“SOML PforR was also to objectively increase the utilisation and high quality impact reproductive, child health and nutrition interventions”, he stressed.

For the Maternal Newborn and Childcare Week (MNCHW), he said communities would be utilised as a means of incurring coverage of simple, but effective, positive interventions such as childhood immunisation, vitamin A supplementation, nutrition assessment and de-worming.

“During the MNCHW, health workers from public health facilities are expected to visit remote villages to provide these basic health services. Communities living closer to these health facilities are expected to visit the health facilities nearest to them to receive these services.

“MNCHW is a weeklong activity, conducted twice a year, aimed at strengthening the routine services at health facilities while harnessing the excitement and energy of a campaign”.

The Commissioner maintained that MNCHW represented an opportunity to increase demand for preventive and primitive services and also to bring services closer to communities, thereby yielding quick wins in terms of immunisation and vitamin A coverage.

“The achievements of SOML PforR in the state according to Isamotu include; repair of cold chain system to aid immunisation programmes; support LLINs replacement campaign in the state and the routine distribution of LLINs; training of health workers on modern daily family planning methods, malaria eradication campaign and skilled birth attendance.

Others are; “Provision of HIV test kit to all the primary healthcare facilities towards Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMCT) of HIV; procurement of Mama Kits for distribution to health facilities; integration of supportive supervision to the health facilities towards ensuring quality service delivery.

“The essence of the Mama kits is to encourage pregnant women to deliver in public health facilities across the state so as to ensure their safe delivery. This will go a long way in preventing Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)”.

In respect of the matching order given for the establishment of the State Health Insurance Scheme to ensure achieving Universal Health Coverage and reduce pocket expenditure in health, Isamotu assured the Governor that the assignment would be fulfilled with the birth of the State Health Insurance Agency before the end of 2017.

He also thanked the Governor for his doggedness in ensuring the birth of the state Primary Health Care Development Board which has brought all the Primary Health Centres in the state under one roof.

Osun Health Insurance Scheme Law: Taking The Bull By The Horn

The Osun State Health Insurance Scheme which would provide affordable health care for all citizens across board has been described by stakeholders as a welcome development.

The scheme is not in place yet, but indications have emerged that before the first quarter of 2018,the scheme would be put in place.

According to first hand information, the Governor of the state, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola had given a directive to both the state Commissioner for Health, Dr. Rafiu Isamotu and Special Adviser on Health, Dr. Oyinlola 90 days to come up with a draft bill on the establishment of the Osun State Health Insurance Scheme to be presented to the State House of Assembly.

Prior to this directive, it had been the policy of the administration of Aregbesola as enshrined in the six point integral action plan to promote healthy living through the provision of free and accessible health care services.

Notwithstanding the success achieved by the free health scheme, more are still being done in the area of health care provision.

Although the health insurance scheme is totally different from the free health care provision, as for the latter, the government provides health care services in all its primary and secondary health care facilities for free, while in the former, every citizen is expected to pay a certain amount of their income into a specified pool and at the end both the have and the have-not will receive health care services without recourse to their social standing in the society.

With that mandate given to the state’s health ministry, the Commissioner for Health and the Special Adviser to the governor on Health were reported to have swung into action and brought together all the experts from the State Ministry of Justice, Finance, Health, State of Osun Primary Health Care Development Board, National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in a two days stakeholders workshop on how to draft a working state health insurance scheme bill that the state executive council under the administration of Aregbesola could present to the House of Assembly for passage.

The workshop objective was in three fold, and they are; to understand the components of the legal framework for the state health insurance scheme and its implications to the Osun State context; to draft a bill that provides for the establishment of the Osun State Health Insurance Scheme (OSHIS) while ensuring involvement of key stakeholders; and to reach a consensus on the key provision and contents of the OSHIS bill that will ensure universal health coverage to the residents of Osun.

From the administration point of view, if the bill on the establishment of the Osun State Health Insurance Scheme (OSHIS) becomes a reality, it would be another feather on the success cap of the administration, as most stakeholders at the bill drafting workshop agreed that though, the provision of free health care services is desirable, but no more fashionable.

They all agreed that the in-thing now was in health insurance scheme as practiced all over the world, since there are benefits to be enjoyed when the law is fully operational.

The State’s Health Commissioner, Dr. Rafiu Isamotu also asserted that the Insurance Scheme on establishment would take into consideration, the vulnerable people and those who are so poor and cannot pay for proper health care services.

The bill when signed into law and with the subsequent establishment of the OSHIS and its agency, will ensure that the rich pay for the poor and the healthy will pay for the sick since it is an insurance scheme.

As informed by Alhaji Ahmed Yahaya, the NHIS coordinator, the NHIS has been at the forefront of getting the state to log into the health insurance scheme.

Aside that, Pharmacist Nuhu Ajodi, noted that the NHIS and the state will collaborate, saying, the state will be in the driving seat and NHIS will collaborate based on what both parties agreed.

Nigeria Makes It In Another World Rank Survey

In recent times several surveys has been conducted that has placed Nigeria in the first five spot. Nigeria Lagos and Port-Harcourt airport was recently ranked amongst the 5 worst airports in the world, as well as the third most terrorized country by another foreign survey.

Nigeria is now placed third among the ten countries with the highest number of preterm births with 773,600, according to latest figures from the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Top on the list is India with 3,519,100; and China 1,172,300. Pakistan is fourth with 748,100; followed by Indonesia 675 700; United States of America 517,400; Bangladesh 424,100; Philippines 348,900; Democratic Republic of the Congo 341,400; and Brazil 279,300.

Preterm is defined as babies born alive before 37 weeks of pregnancy are completed. There are sub-categories of preterm birth, based on gestational age: extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks); very preterm (28 to 32 weeks); and moderate to late preterm (32 to 37 weeks).

According to the WHO, preterm birth occurs for a variety of reasons. Most preterm births happen spontaneously, but some are due to early induction of labour or caesarean birth, whether for medical or non-medical reasons.

Common causes of preterm birth include multiple pregnancies, infections and chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure; however, often no cause is identified. There could also be a genetic influence. Better understanding of the causes and mechanisms will advance the development of solutions to prevent preterm birth.

According to the WHO, more than 60 per cent of preterm births occur in Africa and South Asia, but preterm birth is truly a global problem. In the lower-income countries, on average, 12 per cent of babies are born too early compared with nine per cent in higher-income countries. Within countries, poorer families are at higher risk.

Meanwhile, In Vitro Ferlisation (IVF) may almost double the risk of women giving birth prematurely, according to a study of more than 60,000 pregnancies.

Ten per cent of women who conceived thanks to fertility treatment gave birth before 37 weeks, which is considered premature, scientists found. That is almost twice the rate for women who conceived naturally.

Tens of thousands of babies are born prematurely in Britain every year but survival rates are better than ever thanks to improving neonatal care.

However, those born before 37 weeks are still more likely than full-term babies to suffer from a range of long-term problems, including cerebral palsy, and developmental conditions such as Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). They are also less likely to excel at school.

The doctors behind the study think IVF may trigger changes in the placenta, which make premature birth more likely.

Experts believe that freezing the embryo first and then implanting it later, rather than doing everything in the same menstrual cycle, may offer protection against the risk.

More than 50,000 women in Britain undergo IVF or a related technique called Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) every year, according to official figures, resulting in about 12,000 births. Italian researchers looked at 15 studies covering 61,677 births, and concluded that the rate of premature birth was ‘considerably higher’ in mothers who had undergone IVF/ ICSI than in those who had not.

Even after ‘age matching’ to take into account the fact that women having IVF tend to be older, there was still a big difference.

On a like-for-like basis, women who had had IVF were 63 per cent more likely to give birth before 37 weeks than those who had conceived naturally. Some studies indicate that ‘sub-fertile’ women who have trouble conceiving tend to be biologically predisposed to premature birth.

But in the journal Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, the researchers said that studies indicated “the risk of pre-term birth in IVF/ICSI patients is due to the treatment itself.

Women who have IVF with frozen embryos have a better chance of becoming pregnant, the study also revealed. Scientists say the removal of eggs during fertility treatment could damage the womb’s lining.

But if implantation could be delayed after egg collection – as enabled by freezing embryos – then the womb could be given time to heal, leading to a better chance of pregnancy.

However, scientists warn that the potential benefits of freezing embryos are highly dependent on the skills of different IVF clinics.

Dr. Gedis Grudzinskas, a Harley Street fertility expert, said: “If implantation could be delayed by a month or two after egg collection, then problems could be overcome.

 

Ray Of Hope As U.S. Scientists Find New Possible Cure To Leukemia

A new study showed on Tuesday has revealed that a group of American scientists have found a new possibility to cure to leukemia. Leukemia is a deadly cancer of the blood that knocks down patients as young as only seven years old.

In the study published in Journal Nature Medicine, the group of scientists from Stanford University and National Institute of Health (NIH) found that a molecule, called “CD22”, could serve as a potent target for the killer cells of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a common childhood cancer.

It came after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved last August a cell-based gene therapy, namely the “CAR T-cell” treatment. The CAR T-cell is a therapy that requires drawing blood from patients and separating out the T cells.

It works by genetically modifying a patient’s own immune cells to seek out and attack leukemia cells that have a molecule called “CD19” on their surface.

Such a therapy relies on the patient’s own T cells a type of immune cell that could become a powerful killing machine.

Stanford oncologist Crystal Mackall and NIH’s pediatric hematologist Terry Fry discovered that a molecule called “CD22” can be a similar target.

Scientists treated 21 patients with treatment-resistant B-cell leukemia who are aged seven to 30 to test the new “CD22-directed method.

Seventeen of them were previously treated with CD19-directed therapy and 15 of them had either relapsed or failed to respond.

They found that at the lowest dose level, one in six patients achieved complete remission after treatment, and with an escalated dose, 11 of 15 patients entered remission.

The new approach is helpful because the cancer cells of some patients who undergo CD19-directed therapy stop expressing the CD19 molecule on the cell surface.

The relapse rate of CD22-directed therapy also proved high.

The researchers hope that targeting “CD19 and CD22” simultaneously may produce an approach where cancer cells are unable to evade, thus leading to a new therapy for curing leukemia in the future.

 

Frequent Exposure To Hair Dye Harms Nervous System By Ayo Otubanjo

It is quite shocking the number of women who have visited our clinics for consultations explaining their horrendous experiences at certain hair salons and the resulting hair loss they have suffered.

There is a general lack of oversight by most governments on products used in hair salons and which contain a number of hazardous chemicals that may harm your health. Also, most salon workers lack basic understanding of the products they use and in most cases have not been properly trained in their application.

There are several products used in salon services such as hair dye, wig glue/hairpiece bonding, hair extension glue and lace wig glue. These products contain some extremely toxic chemicals which can be very dangerous for your health. Some of these chemicals are toluene, styrene, trichloroethylene and dioxane to mention a few.

Toluene is a clear, colourless liquid with a distinctive smell. It is a good solvent (a substance that can dissolve other substances). Toluene occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree. It is produced in the process of making gasoline and other fuels from crude oil and in making coke from coal.

Toluene may have an effect on your nervous system (brain and nerves). Nervous system effects can be temporary, such as headaches, dizziness, or unconsciousness. However, effects such as uncoordination, cognitive impairment, and vision and hearing loss may become permanent with repeated exposure, especially at concentrations associated with intentional solvent abuse.

Styrene is primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system , such as headache, fatigue, weakness, and depression, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy.

The main use of trichloroethylene is in the vapour degreasing of metal parts. It is also used as an extraction solvent for greases, oils, fats, waxes, and tars, a chemical intermediate in the production of other chemicals, and as a refrigerant. Acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure to trichloroethylene can affect the human central nervous system, with symptoms such as dizziness, headaches, confusion, euphoria, facial numbness, and weakness.

Dioxane is a clear colourless liquid with a faint ethereal odour. It is also used as a solvent. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure to high levels of dioxane has been shown to cause vertigo, drowsiness, headache, anorexia and irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs in humans. It may also irritate the skin.

The extent of the inherent dangers of these chemicals depends on the frequency of interaction with them. While a salon customer may only be exposed to small quantities of these potentially hazardous chemicals during their short visits, a salon worker on the other hand is constantly exposed to these chemicals on a daily basis in the course of their work.

Salon workers who have experienced breathing problems, headaches, skin rashes, or other health problems while at work should consult their doctors and insist that their employers provide them with safer alternative products or provide them with precautionary items to protect their health. Long term studies of salon workers have also reported higher risks of chronic conditions, including certain cancers, immune diseases, asthma, and higher risk of some birth defects in their children.

While the salon customer may be at a lesser risk than the salon worker, we have witnessed some cases where the former have suffered irreparable scalp damage and total baldness. In some extreme cases, the customer has suffered from health conditions occasioned by their visits to the salon.

Salon customers can take certain precautionary steps such as insisting on studying the products and checking the chemical components. Ingredients in salon products can sometimes be found on the product label, although manufacturers are not required to fully list all ingredients in products sold for professional use.

If you have recently visited a salon and have developed serious itchiness on the scalp, you need to consult either a dermatologist or if you are experiencing hair loss, you need to consult a hair restoration consultant before it is too late and irreparable damage sets in.