Rogue Jonathan Minister Abba Moro, Remanded In Prison

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, has arraigned the immediate past Interior Minister, Abba Moro, on an 11-count charge bordering on obtaining by false pretence, procurement fraud and money laundering.

Mr. Moro was arraigned before Justice Anwuli Chikere of the Federal High Court, Abuja, alongside three others for their roles in the botched March 15, 2014 immigration recruitment exercise that killed no fewer than 20 job seekers across the country, the News Agency of Nigeria reported.

His co-accused are: permanent secretary of the ministry at the time, Anastasia Daniel-Nwobia; a deputy director in the ministry, F. O Alayebami; one Mahmood Ahmadu (at large), and the contracting firm given the recruitment job, Drexel Tech Nigeria Ltd.

The EFCC accused the defendants of defrauding 676,675 Nigerian applicants of N676,675,000 (Six Hundred and Seventy Six Million, Six Hundred and Seventy Five Thousand Naira).

Each of the 676,675 applicants were charged N1,000 each for the participating in the recruitment exercise.

The anti-graft agency is also accusing the defendants of flouting the Public Procurement Act, No. 65 of 2007 in the award of the contract for the organisation of the recruitment test to Drexel Tech Nigeria Ltd.

The EFCC said Drexel EFCC had no prior advertisement and no needs assessment and procurement plan was carried out before the contract was awarded.

According to the anti-graft agency, the contract was awarded through selective tendering procedure by invitation of 4 (Four) firms without seeking the approval of the Bureau for Public Procurement, contrary to sections 40, 42 and 43 of the Public Procurement Act, No. 65 of 2007 and punishable under section 58 of the same act.

Drexel is also alleged to be unregistered and had no legal capacity to enter into the said contract.

There is also said to be no budgetary provision for the exercise in the 2014 Federal Capital budget hence the applicants were made to bear the responsibility of funding the project without approval of the Board contrary to section 22(5) of the Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Act 2000, the charge said.

Justice Chikere ordered that the former minister should be remanded in Kuje prison, Abuja, while Mrs. Daniel-Nwobia was released on administrative bail, according to Daily Trust.

The judge adjourned the case to March 2 for hearing of Mr. Abba Moro’s bail application.

Culled from Premium Times

#FreeEseOruru Rally Suspended In Bayelsa

A rally organised on Monday in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State capital, to protest the plight of the kidnapped Ese Oruru has been put on hold.

It was gathered that the intervention of the Bayelsa State Governor, Mr. Seriake Dickson, compelled the campaigners to suspend the rally.

Ese, was kidnapped by one Yinusa, alias Yellow, about six months ago, taken to Kano, converted to Islam and forcefully given out in marriage without her parents’ consent.

A civil society group, Kindling Hope Across Nations Initiative (KHANI), which organised the protest shelved it after Dickson reportedly expressed concerns that the rally could snowball into a tribal clash between Bayelsans and the Hausa community in the state.

The Executive Director, KHAN, Mr. Kizito Andah, said Dickson presented his concerns when he held a meeting with officials of the NGO on Sunday.

He said the governor requested he should be allowed to intervene on the matter.

He said Dickson in their presence called the Governor of Kano State, Mr. Abdullahi Ganduje, on telephone over the issue.

He said Dickson reported that he had a fruitful discussion with Ganduje and assured them that with collaborative efforts between the two state governments, Ese would be released “very soon”.

Andah said the governor expressed shock at the way and manner the minor was taken away from the state.

Andah said: “In view of the personal interest demonstrated by the Governor of Bayelsa State, Seriake Dickson, we have decided to suspend the rally to give both state governments time to urgently bring Ese back.

“We will however continue the fight to return Ese back to her parents and seek justice for her.”

When contacted, Dickson’s Chief Press Secretary, Daniel Iworiso-Markson, confirmed that the governments of Bayelsa and Kano were discussing to ensure quick resolution of the matter.

He said Dickson received full assurances of Kano governor that the issue would be resolved in no distant time and that the girl would return.

Iworiso-Markson said: “There is government to government relationship over the matter. The two governments are talking to see to the quick resolution of the matter.

“There is no need to panic. We are on top of the matter. We are talking with the parents of the girl, the security and the relevant stakeholders. Soon, the media will be given report on the final resolution of the matter.”

Also, the Urhobo Monitoring and Development Group (UMDG) condemned Ese’s abduction and the manner the teenager was forcefully converted into Islam, renamed Aisha and betrothed to Yinusa as her husband.

The group in a statement on Monday by its President, Mr. Kingsley Oberuruaria, said the abduction and subsequent marrying of the teenager to the suspect was criminal and barbaric and must be condemned in its entirety.

He said: “The victim was 13 when she was abducted last year.  Only recently, a group of Fulani herdsmen kidnapped and killed the traditional ruler of Ubulu-Uku in Delta State and the trend suggests that the Nigerian state is gradually returning to the medieval era and it must not be allowed to continue.

“We are also not aware of the allegations that Yinusa kinsmen including the respected Emir of Kano, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, are complicit in the abduction and forceful conversion of our daughter to Islam as the parents alleged that their daughter is within the Emir’s palace.

“The Kano Command of the Nigeria Police is also conniving with the culprits to detain the girl against her basic fundamental human rights as contained in the Nigerian constitution.

“We are giving the Kano State government, the Emir of Kano and the Federal Government a two-week ultimatum to produce Ese Oruru and set her free unconditionally or we will evict their people (northerners) from our land (Niger Delta).

“At the expiration of this ultimatum if our demand is not meant, we will have no option than to forcefully evict all northerners in our domain.”

The Nation

#FreeEse Campaign: Emir Sanusi Orders That Girl Be Returned Home, Claims He Was Not Aware Of Her Continued Presence In The Emirate

The Emir of Kano, Malam Muhammadu Sanusi II Monday ordered the state Sharia Commission to liaise with office of the Assistant Inspector General of police, zone 1 to commence process of returning the 14 year-old teenager, Ese Oruru allegedly abducted by one Yunusa of Kura local government area of Kano state.

The story of the teenage girl burst onto public sphere when a newspaper championed the #FreeEse campaign, and since then calls for her immediate release have been pouring in. The girl was allegedly abducted, forcefully taken to Kano, where she was reportedly forcefully married and kept at the Emir’s Palace.

In his first official reaction, the Emir of Kano distanced himself, Kano emirate council from the purported abduction of Ese Oruru by suspected lover.

Sanusi II said “I have ordered the sharia commission to liaise with the office of Deputy Inspector General of police zone to repatriate and reconcile the teenager with her family immediately”

Ese Oruru was allegedly abducted in Opolo, Yenagoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, by one Yunusa an indigene of Kura local government area of Kano sometimes in August, 2015.

The head of the Bring Back Our Girls Campaign Group, Oby Ezekwesili also weighed in on the issue later confirming however that, the “marriage” which the Shariah Commission had allowed was overruled by the Emir, who asked that the police return her home, as far back as September last year.

Ezekwesili said the Emir assured that he will request for explanation as to why this was not done by the Police and seek immediate implementation.

Qatari Investors Look Towards Nigeria

Signs that President Muhammadu Buhari’s trip to Qatar may started yielding positivity result manifested yesterday as Qatari businessmen have indicated interest to invest in financial, oil and gas and telecommunication sectors in Nigeria’s economy.

Other areas the business community showed concerned were telecommunications, tourism, agriculture, food processing sectors, among others. This came as President Buhari has assured them of security and protection, adding that all visa impediments, multiple taxation would be removed.

Speaking on behalf of the Qatari senior executive of Qatar Chamber of Commerce and some private businessmen at a meeting with president Buhari in Doha on Sunday, Muhammed Bin Ahmed Bin Towar Al Kuwari, Vice Chairman of Qatar Chamber of Commerce and Industry said Africa was a new destination for the next decade. “All eyes are on Africa in the next decade. Africa is the next place for growth, the rest of the world is looking towards the continent, and Nigeria is an important part of that continent,” he said.

President Buhari had assured the people of adequate security in Nigeria. He said “Nobody invests without first knowing how secure a country is. That is why we have placed high premium on securing the country, because you cannot effectively manage a country you have not secured. “My party campaigned on three main planks: security, employment generation and anti-corruption. “We campaigned on zero corruption, promising that we would run an accountable government and we are keeping our promises.”

A statement by Mr. Femi Adesina, the presidential media aide stated that president Buhari while speaking on the crash crude oil prices in the international market and its effect on the Nigerian economy, informed his hosts that Nigeria was blessed with vast arable land for agriculture, and rich deposit of solid minerals, which the businessmen can invest in, and reap rich returns in a short while.

“Agriculture and solid minerals will mobilize youths for gainful employment. We have the capacity not to need to import food at all. “But we need to also tackle infrastructure deficit in power, transportation, rail, road, and in other areas. We will put together an articulated plan, which would be discussed with you shortly, so that you can make investment decisions. “All impediments like delayed processing of permits, multiple taxation, and corrupt practices, would be removed,’’ the President said.

FG Moves To Unravel Mystery Behind Halliburton Scandal

The Federal Government moved a notch higher in its anti-graft war, last night, with a confirmation that it was launching a comprehensive probe into the controversial Halliburton bribery case in which top Nigerian politicians allegedly received huge bribes in the region of N66 billion.

The bribes were taken by top players in government between 1994 and 1998 from five major companies that were awarded $6 billion for the construction of gas trains in Bonny Island in Rivers State for the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Company, NLNG.

Under the fresh probe being ordered by the Buhari administration, and unlike in the past, the key players in the Nigerian government, who demanded and collected the huge sums of money and those who offered the bribes, are to be fished out and prosecuted.

It was also learned that the Federal Government was keen on determining if, indeed, the sum of $200 million said to have been paid by the five companies, which were indicted over the scam, was indeed remitted into the purse of the government.

The fresh enquiry will also ascertain why five senior Nigerian lawyers, who negotiated with the indicted multinational firms to escape prosecution in Nigeria and paid the $200 million fines, collected close to $12 million as ‘legal fees’ from the fines.

The Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mr. Abubakar Malami, who confirmed the fresh probe being launched by the government in an interview with Vanguard last night, said both criminal and civil charges would be pressed against the suspects.

Malami, who is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria, said nothing would be left to chance in the new attempt to investigate the multi-million Naira scam that had cast the nation in bad light in the international community.

Leaving nothing to chance Malami said: “It is true that the federal government is undertaking a comprehensive probe of the Halliburton bribery scandal and we are not leaving anything to chance this time around. “The recent invitation of some persons for questioning by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission,EFCC, in connection with the bribery, is the beginning of the fresh effort to unravel all the issues related to the case and it is going on as planned. “I want to say that if we need to proceed with criminal prosecution after our investigations, we will do that, and if we need to go for recovery and prosecution, we will do so. Nothing will be left to chance,” the minister said.

Asked to confirm the receipt of $200 million fines said to have been paid by the five multinational companies into a dedicated Federal Government account with the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, as declared last week by one of the lawyers, Damian Dodo, Malami said the investigation would establish the whereabouts of the said money.

The minister said that all claims related to the matter would be unravelled by the probe currently going on but did not name all the agencies involved in the current probe apart from the EFCC, which has already quizzed two of the five lawyers, who handled the case.

The immediate past AGF, Mohammed Adoke, in 2010, raised a five-man legal team to prosecute the companies indicted in the scam and they all opted to pay huge fines instead of being tried in Nigeria.

The legal team raised by Adoke was led by the then President of the Nigerian Bar Association, Joseph B. Dauda, with Mr. Emmanuel C. Ukala, Chief Godwin Obla, Roland Ewubare and Damian Dodo as members.

The companies which were involved in the bribery scandal and opted for payment of heavy fines and non-prosecution by Nigeria, were: Halliburton Energy Services, Siemens AG, TSKJ, Technip of France, Snamprogetti of Italy, Kellog, Brown and Roots of the U.S and Japan Gas Corporation and Julius Berger, which was accused of acting as a conduit for the illegal transfer of $5 million.

To avoid prosecution, JB immediately opted to pay a fine of $35 million to Nigeria and accordingly, let off the hook.

Vanguard

FG Commited To Fighting Piracy And Funding Arts- Minister

The Federal Government has said it will work with relevant bodies to fight the piracy of intellectual property in the country, while saying the establishment of a National Endowment for the Arts will bridge the funding gap in the sector.

The Minister of Information and culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, gave the assurance in Lagos on Sunday, at his maiden Roundtable with stakeholders in the movie industry, tagged ”Redefining The Nollywood Strategy.”

While enumerating the negative effects of piracy, which he said has become ”a monstrous disincentive to the creative industry,” the Minister noted that the government is committed to battling piracy, as exemplified by the President’s directive to the relevant agencies to reduce the menace to the barest minimum.

“My immediate suggestion is for us to declare piracy as an economic crime, have a regulatory direction, domesticate most of the international conventions on piracy, review and strengthen existing copyright law as well as make the punishment for copyright more stringent so as to discourage pirates.

“Perhaps a longer jail term with no option of fine and a speedy trial of suspects as we have in other countries will help in this fight. I think also that the entertainment industry is ripe enough to have a dedicated National Task Force on Piracy. We shall propose that and see how it all works out for the good of our cultural industries and the nation. We truly need a proactive enforcement of the copyright law so as to make the creative industry lucrative,” he said.

Alhaji Mohammed, who acknowledged lack of funding as another major challenge facing the movie industry, said the establishment of a National Endowment for the Arts would help tackle that challenge not only for the movie industry but the entire creative industry.

“Like the American model, we should at this time – when we are trying to streamline spending – think of having a properly established National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) that will service all genre of the arts. I have no doubt that the establishment of NEA will facilitate the introduction of Tax Rebates as incentives for sponsors of the arts and will give prime place to the arts and cultural sector in budgeting processes, since it has capacity to create massive job opportunities.

”The good news is that, as part of our massive social intervention policy, this administration has made available the sum of N500 billion naira to be accessed by creative people like you as well as artisans, market women, unemployed youths and others,” he said.

The Minister also expressed his readiness to convene a review meeting of the Nigerian Film Policy in order to fast-track the setting up of the Motion Picture Practitioners Council of Nigeria (MOPPICON) that will address most of the issues that have bedeviled growth in the industry, including distribution, regulation, financing, incentives for investors who sponsor the arts, visibility for artistes in matters concerning their trades, establishment of a film fund and how the fund will continuously be funded as well as the structural deficiency in the sector.

The Minister said that as part of the ongoing restructuring of the agencies under the ministry, the regulatory bodies in the ministry would be infused with purposeful, practical, dynamic and experienced leadership to drive the agencies in line with global best practices.

On the issue of distribution of movies, he noted that the present chaotic distribution network cannot achieve the desired objective, and promised to meet with the practitioners and the regulatory agencies to work out effective policies and strategies to tackle the distribution challenge.

“A possible strategy is for us to have an Investment Forum where we can attract real investment in the area of distribution of entertainment content. At the moment, we have very small players in that sector. We need to attract big corporations and we can do that through an investment forum, where we will show them what they stand to gain from investing in distribution, and of course we shall present incentives that will attract them.

”Besides, I am proposing that we hold an annual Film Market that will grow into a huge tourism event and will emerge as the biggest content market in the continent. Such events have potentials of attracting investors to an industry. We shall also look at the provision in the film policy that encourages the state to invest in the setting up of community cinemas in the 774 local government areas of the country,” the Minister said.

Alhaji Mohammed expressed dissatisfaction with the current practice in which television and cable TV stations operating in the country saturate the airwaves with foreign soaps, and advised them to fund the local production of movies and documentaries as obtained in other parts of the world where television and cable stations sponsor contents and provide airtime for them.

He harped on the need for all the stakeholders in the movie industry to come under one umbrella in order to articulate their problems and to better interface with the government, instead of the current situation where there are fragmented bodies and guilds in the industry

Responding on behalf of the Nollywood stakeholders at the meeting, Mr. Mahmood Ali-Balogun, commended the Minister for his indepth knowledge of the industry.

“You have enumerated everything that is bedeviling the industry these past years, even proffering solutions before hearing us,” he said.

Mr. Balogun, who is the Chairman of the Audio-Visual Rights Society of Nigeria (AVRS), called for the total overhaul of the regulatory agencies in the ministry and the appointment of people with requisite qualification, understanding, experience and exposure to man the agencies for optimal performance.

The event was attended by many Nollywood personalities including Ralph Nwadike, Saidi Balogun, Kate Henshaw, Peace Anyiam-Osigwe and Lancelot Imasuen.

CCT Chairman Has Too Much Power- Group

A right group, Access to Justice has said the appropriation of too much power to the Chairman of the Code of Conduct Tribunal, CCT, was responsible for the poor performance of the tribunal.

The Executive Director of the group, Joseph Otteh, while speaking at a public presentation; tagged “The Bump on a Log: Why the Code of Conduct Tribunal Malfunctions and How it can be Reformed” in Lagos, said the CCT was unable to perform within the required operational level because it is operating with a flawed enabling legal framework.

According to Otteh, the tribunal lacks institutional independence and functions under the presidency.

Otteh said, “The constitution and Code of Conduct and Tribunal Act do not make adequate provisions on how the tribunal should be administered.

“The tribunal lacks institutional independence and functions under the presidency. There is no effective oversight body, mechanism or system in place to monitor how its constitutionally allocated powers are exercised.”

“No other judicial body or authority has quite the same powers and authority to punish breaches of the Code of Conduct Act as the Code of Conduct Tribunal.

“The tragedy, though, is that in spite of its extraordinary powers and strategic importance to the fight against corruption, the tribunal has largely been a toothless bulldog that has hardly barked at corruption, or, probably, even blinked at it.

“Since its establishment in 1989, the tribunal has had a well-documented history of poor performance, there is very little the tribunal has accomplished or can show for in terms of its mandate.”

The group expressed concern over the fact that too much power is concentrated on the chairman of the CCT, which ought to belong to its board of three members.

“Mr. Danladi Umar has run the organization like a personal fiefdom – a place where he is the dictator-in-charge – such that those who do not grovel to him or who try to warn him off his transgressions enter his black book and are vilified and targeted afterwards,” he said.‎

Otteh called for a legislative and constitutional reforms to strengthen the institutional and administrative framework of the tribunal.

“The Code of Conduct Tribunal should no longer operate as an agency or institution under the executive branch of government,”

“Its role and functions are judicial. As such, it should be established under the judicial branch of government and be supervised by judicial bodies like the National Judicial Council or the Federal Judicial Service Commission.

“Amendments should make clearer demarcation and allocation of powers between the members of the Board of the Tribunal, that is, the Chairman and two members,” Otteh said

Immigration Recruitment Scam: Abba Moro Arraigned, Sent To Jail

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, has arraigned the immediate past Interior Minister, Abba Moro, on an 11-count charge bordering on obtaining by false pretence, procurement fraud and money laundering.

Mr. Moro was arraigned before Justice Anwuli Chikere of the Federal High Court, Abuja, alongside three others for their roles in the botched March 15, 2014 immigration recruitment exercise that killed no fewer than 20 job seekers across the country, the News Agency of Nigeria reported.

His co-accused are: permanent secretary of the ministry at the time, Anastasia Daniel-Nwobia; a deputy director in the ministry, F. O Alayebami; one Mahmood Ahmadu (at large), and the contracting firm given the recruitment job, Drexel Tech Nigeria Ltd.
The EFCC accused the defendants of defrauding 676,675 Nigerian applicants of N676,675,000 (Six Hundred and Seventy Six Million, Six Hundred and Seventy Five Thousand Naira).
Each of the 676,675 applicants were charged N1,000 each for the participating in the recruitment exercise.

The anti-graft agency is also accusing the defendants of flouting the Public Procurement Act, No. 65 of 2007 in the award of the contract for the organisation of the recruitment test to Drexel Tech Nigeria Ltd.

The EFCC said Drexel EFCC had no prior advertisement and no needs assessment and procurement plan was carried out before the contract was awarded.

According to the anti-graft agency, the contract was awarded through selective tendering procedure by invitation of 4 (Four) firms without seeking the approval of the Bureau for Public Procurement, contrary to sections 40, 42 and 43 of the Public Procurement Act, No. 65 of 2007 and punishable under section 58 of the same act.

Drexel is also alleged to be unregistered and had no legal capacity to enter into the said contract.

There is also said to be no budgetary provision for the exercise in the 2014 Federal Capital budget hence the applicants were made to bear the responsibility of funding the project without approval of the Board contrary to section 22(5) of the Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Act 2000, the charge said.

Justice Chikere ordered that the former minister should be remanded in Kuje prison, Abuja, while Mrs. Daniel-Nwobia was released on administrative bail, according to Daily Trust.

The judge adjourned the case to March 2 for hearing of Mr. Abba Moro’s bail application.

Buhari Orders Investigation Of Benue Violence

The federal government of Nigeria has ordered an immediate investigation into the latest killings in Agatu, Benue State by suspected Fulani cattle rearers.

A statement on Sunday by Presidential spokesman, Mallam Garba Shehu, said President Buhari expressed deep shock at the latest incidents during the past week, which had led to hundreds of deaths in four communities in Agatu, Benue State.

He ordered security agencies to get to the root causes of the problem.

“We will act immediately. We will conduct an investigation to know exactly what happened. The only way to bring an end to the violence once and for all is to look beyond one incident and ascertain exactly what factors are behind the conflicts,” he said.

President Buhari stressed that all Nigerians must learn to live together as one, in peace and unity.

He said, “We are all one nation and one people. There should not be any reason why Nigerians of any group or tongue cannot now reside with one another wherever they find themselves after decades of living together.”

The President further expressed condolences to the government and people of Benue State, particularly the people of the Agatu communities, assuring them that the government would do everything possible to ensure that no such incident ever occurred in their midst again.

Fuel Scarcity: PTD Points Blaming Finger At NNPC

The Petroleum Tankers Drivers (PTD) Branch of National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG) has blamed the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) for the fuel scarcity in some parts of the country.

PTD National Chairman Comrade Salimon Akanni Oladiti, who spoke in an interview with reporters in Ibadan, the Oyo State capital, said oil marketers were not hoarding fuel.

“We are not conniving with anybody to make Nigerians suffer for fuel. For some time now, we have not been able to load at NNPC depot in Apata, Ibadan and there is no hope of loading in some other NNPC depots in the Southwest.

“Government is responsible for this problem, because if they bring enough oil into the country, we as distributors we are ready to sell it out. It’s so sad that we are one of the largest producers of oil, but we are still suffering from scarcity,” he said

Oladiti added: “NNPC imports about 75 per cent of the oil we are consuming in the country. The remaining 25 percentage is for major marketers.

“What the government is trying to tackle still exist; corruption is still in the oil industry. There is corruption and bribery at the oil depots and you have to face this hurdle before you can load your truck.”

He noted that government needs to find lasting solution to incessant fuel scarcity, adding: “The common man in the country is suffering.”

He urged the government to embark on aggressive rehabilitations of roads and railway networks

Witches And Wizards Behind Reverend King’s Death Sentence- Church

Last Friday’s confirmation of the death sentenced passed on General overseer of the Christian Praying Assembly (CPA) Chukwuemeka Ezeugo (aka Rev. King), has been attributed to the handiwork of witches and wizards by his church members.

The members also reaffirmed their belief that Rev. King will be spared the hangman’s noose and “return to join us.”

The self-styled cleric was sentenced to death in 2007 for the burning to death of a member of his church in 2006. He appealed the judgment and lost before the apex court sealed his fate last Friday.

But yesterday during the first church service after the Supreme Court decision at the Lagos headquarters at Ajao Estate, off the Murtala Muhammad Airport Road, Pastor Ifeanyi King, who preached said: “Our G.O. (General Overseer) the most holiness, Rev King, is coming back. He said he would come back and we believe the words of his mouth. We believe his report that he is coming back. Everything happening now we know is the handiwork of witches and wizard. Soon a new story will emerge.”

The preacher added: “Whether people realise it or not, everybody now knows his holiness, our G.O. Rev King. The front pages of newspapers are flooded with his name. People are yearning to read about him in the social media. I can confirm to you that by all these, a lot of people have become endeared to him. Our Daddy G.O. shall live forever for us in Jesus name.”

To every word he uttered, there was a chorus of Amen by the congregation. They sang hymns and danced to mark “the birthday of the G.O.” His death sentence was confirmed on his birthday last Friday.

Pastor Ifeanyi, sported a shaved head and beards like Pastor king. A number of male in the congregation also appeared in the same way. Most of the pastors also use the name King as substitute for their surname.