Following two years of intense negotiations, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Peoples Republic of China (PBoC) have finally signed a $2.5 billion worth of currency swap deal.
At a ceremony, which held in Beijing, China last Friday, Governor of the CBN, Mr Godwin Emefiele, led CBN officials while PBoC Governor, Dr Yi Gang, led the Chinese team.
According to a statement signed by CBN Spokesman, Isaac Okorafor, the official ceremony was “a culmination of over two years of painstaking negotiations by both Central Banks.
“The transaction, which is valued at Renminbi (RMB) 16 billion, or the equivalent of about $2.5bn, is aimed at providing adequate local currency liquidity to Nigerian and Chinese industrialists and other businesses thereby reducing the difficulties encountered in the search for third currencies.”
According to Okorafor, this agreement will among others provide Naira liquidity to Chinese businesses and provide RMB liquidity to Nigerian businesses respectively, thereby improving the speed, convenience and volume of transactions between the two countries.
“It will also assist both countries in their foreign exchange reserves management, enhance financial stability and promote broader economic cooperation between the two countries.
“With the operationalisation of this agreement, it will be easier for most Nigerian manufacturers, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and cottage industries in manufacturing and export businesses to import raw materials, spare-parts and simple machinery to undertake their businesses by taking advantage of available RMB liquidity from Nigerian banks without being exposed to the difficulties of seeking other scarce foreign currencies.
“The deal, which is purely e foreign an exchange of currencies, will also make it easier for Chinese manufacturers seeking to buy raw materials from Nigeria to obtain enough Naira from banks in China to pay for their imports from Nigeria.
“Indeed, the deal will protect Nigerian business people from the harsh effects of third currency fluctuations.”
With last Friday’s agreement, Nigeria becomes the third African country to have such an agreement in place with the PBoC.
Both the Nigerian and Chinese officials expressed delight at the conclusion and signing of the agreement and expressed the hope that it would boost mutually beneficial business transactions between Nigeria and the Peoples Republic of China, Okorafor disclosed.