BACK PAGE: Capital In Yorubaland At A Time Of Transition

KANMI ADEMILUYI states that Yorubas’ are losing their once vaunted positions across all endeavours; this has to be confronted.

It has now become the conventional wisdom that the Yoruba are losing their once vaunted positions across all endeavours. This is most poignant in view of our current economic dire straits and a demographic time bomb in commerce and industries. It has been a long time coming. Its effects are hardly hidden, massive youth unemployment goes hand in glove with unfair labour practices. A guess estimate is that not up to 10% of those who have finished NYSC in the Southwest are guaranteed of any form of sustainable employment.

It is strange that the Southwest is so hard hit. A perusal of the “Red Book of West Africa” first published in 1925 and now sadly out of print, presents a solid excursion into economic history’, this magnificent work is a testimony of just how far ahead the Yorubas were. They were dominant in every profession and in commerce, their entrepreneurial imprints and nifty commercial savvy implanted right across West Africa. Mainly operating outside of the established Anglo-Saxon banking framework [or more precisely locked out of it], they used and modernised indigenous ways of raising credit. With the exception of the Gold Coast [Ghana] and Sierra Leone there were no other comparable outbursts of entrepreneurship in colonial Africa. Even in those countries, the contributions of the Yoruba were prominent and resonate till today.

In the sorry state we are in today, the issue of what went wrong is interwoven with what is to be done. Lamentations won’t help either. It has been observed in some quarters that the Yoruba have been relegated from the front line, “It is therefore very imperative that we re- invent ourselves”.

All very well and good but where is the beef? No roadmap is presented here as to the way forward or out of the quagmire. All very pious good intentions. It is very sensible though to hearken to the wise counsel of the Italian poet and philosopher Dante Alighieri, that, “The road to hell is paved with good intentions”. Sanctimonious sermons and homilies from the bully pulpit are not going to provide the urgently needed solutions. In addition, there is really no need to reinvent the wheel as we hearken to the call to “re-invent ourselves “.

The fault of course lies not just in the debilitating consequences of the post first republic quasi-federalism, it lies in the leadership of the Yoruba race. A key element here is that after the euphoria over the marginal gains of the indigenisation exercise in the 1970s, the political establishment and the economic elite in the Southwest took their eyes completely off the ball. The issue of both social and economic capital was no longer on the front burner and dangerously the value of land and properties in the Lagos metropolis in particular, was mistaken as the key assessment and interpretation of capital. Hand-in-glove, the consequences of the deprivation of economic value and the seizure of title through Obasanjo’s Land Use Act was not taking seriously at all. Unfortunately, there is an intrinsic link connecting the absence of title with poverty. If we seek to examine the structure of rural poverty and the continuing undermining of the rural economy in the Southwest today, we must re-examine the consequences of the land use act.

The structure of capital in the Southwest must also be re-examined. Regional integration and integrative mechanisms such as the Development Agenda for Western Nigeria are very laudable; nevertheless, the issue of capital is decisive. The pivotal figures in Yoruba land who drove the modernisation process were keenly aware of this. National and Agbonmagbe banks as well as later on, the Cooperative Bank and the Development finance providers came into being in response to a vital need. This is that with the erosion of the communal ways of credit aggregation, there must be an alternative to the Anglo-Saxon banking system which was largely closed to indigenous entrepreneurs. Where it was available, its shortermism was a debilitating bugbear.

That the competitiveness of the entrepreneurial class in Yoruba land has been eroded is understandable. The paucity of long term finance since the heyday of the long-term development institutions is painfully obvious. Whatever it stands for, today’s Odua Corporation cannot be equated with the Western Nigeria Development Corporation or The Western Nigeria Finance Corporation. Mercifully, the ongoing recapitalisation of Odua will help it to regain its competitiveness, mission and sense of direction.

The solution however, is in the direction of putting together a massive DAWN investment Bank, which will incorporate aspects of a private equity initiative to act as the provider of long term capital in Yoruba land working in tandem with the pension funds as providers of capital for infrastructure financing, prioritizing agro-industrials and renewable energy. The development of renewable energy through private-public partnerships vital and providers of long-term capital is a vital ingredient. Depending on fossils and feed stock from the Niger Delta will be suicidal. Agriculture has to be modernized, moving from subsistence to commercial farming. There is no need to reinvent the wheel here; it has been done before with positive results. We must bring back the efficacies of the past, such as – minimum guaranteed farm gate prices [which ensures risk stability, provides a hedge and elevates living standards in the rural economy], Commodities boards and exchanges [to ensure the provision of storage facilities and coordination  of marketing] Cooperatives (so deeply rooted in Yoruba culture) in tandem. These initiatives will induce employment generating cottage industries amongst other structures. The vital goal will not just be food self-sufficiency in the region, but an initiative to turn Yoruba land into an agro industrial exporting power house.

We must completely repudiate the destructive effects of the Structural Adjustments Program. The specter of the paucity of social and economic capital haunts Yoruba land today and is a break on sustainable development, it must be confronted.

 

  • Kanmi Ademiluyi.writes from Osogbo.

 

Two Persons In Prison Over Alleged Robbery In Osun

By Mariam Bello

The Police in Osun on Monday, March 26, 2018 has arraigned two men Kehinde Michael, 63 and Adeola Yisa, 58, before a Magistrate Court in Osogbo over alleged armed robbery. 

The suspects have been remanded in prison custody.

The suspects appeared before the court on a four-count charge bothering on felony,  conspiracy and armed robbery.

The prosecutor, Inspector Mustapha Tajudeen said the duo committed the offence on December 13, 2017 at Aduramigba area, Ido-Osun in Osogbo.

He added that the duo armed themselves with guns and dangerous weapons and robbed one Olufemi Ayoade of his Toyota Corolla with REG number AAA 405  BV

He explained further that the suspects received nine stolen  Toyota Camry, four Toyota Corolla cars, two Honda Accord cars, one Honda CRV  and one suzuki car   from Kehinde Badmus, Adeleke Timothy,  Akoodu Femi Rufus and Adenle Olusola Babatunde.

He also told the court that the offences are contrary to section of 6(b) and punishable under section 1(1), (2)(a)(b) of the robbery and fire Arms laws of the Federation of Nigeria and section 516 of the criminal code cap 34 volume 11.laws of Osun State 2002.

The plea of the defendants were not taken and they were represented by their counsel Mr Tunbosun Oladipo.

The Magistrate, F.A Sodamade ordered that the suspects should be remanded in Ilesha prison custody.

She then adjourned the case to March, 28 for mention at court 3 in Osogbo.

Osun West Senatorial Election 2015 & 2017 Bye-Election

The accompanying chart shows the result of the same election separated by two years. It shows that in just two years the balance of power changed strongly to another party. It magnifies that PDP had an increasing positive votes of about 22% of the district. This is massively reflected in two main towns: Ede North and Ede South.

The implication of this is change remains a constant phenomenon in life and time (in years) is a major tool for change. If in just two years, a leading party could lose its power, then a lot of things can happen in four years. Many of the attributes of change may be the political Aspirants, political party, Results/works of the incumbent political party, etc. This also warns that the charge of the shift in power might be temporary enough for the next coming elections. Many attributed it to the death of the former Senator and used this election as a compensation for him and his family. Death is always a key factor in politics. There was a sympathy vote towards the Adeleke’s. the result would have been closely replicated had Ademola Adeleke (the winner) ran under Accord. Vitally, there was a marked voter apathy amongst APC voters. These two significant factors will certainly not be replicated in the governorship election on September 22 2018.

 

Lessons From Osun West Bye-election

 

Osun West Senatorial District is one of the zones in the state that have in the past determined the outcome of elections, but the July 7, 2017 Senatorial bye-election in the zone, sequel to the death of Senator Isiaka Adeleke was a clear digression from the established patter of voting in the district.

The district is known to be progressive-minded owing to the success that had been recorded during the days of Alliance for Democracy, Action Congress, Action Congress of Nigerian and now the All Progressives Congress (APC), particularly in Iwo, Egbedore, Ejigbo, Ayedire, Irewole, Isokan, among others as against the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), but the pattern of the 2017 bye-election was an hurdle for the APC to cross.

Some of the factors that may determine the success of the ruling party in the zone during the September 22 governorship election are acceptability of the candidate, mobilization machineries put in place, developmental projects of the incumbent in the zone.

However, developmental projects in both rural and urban centers in the zone abound; such projects range from school infrastructure, road infrastructure, social intervention programmes among others. To complement this, a party will have to choose an acceptable candidate and put in place an effective electoral machines that would mobilize massively for the party which would dictate how the election would shape up.

 

Court Remands Man Over Allege Stealing, Defrauding Cooperative Money

By Abdullahi Omotayo

An Osun State Magistrate Court has remanded in prison, one Michael Ona Orohu, 46, over alleged stealing and defrauding a group, Food and Agriculture Development Foundation (FADEF) of N2.5m. 

The charge sheet read in the court disclosed that the accused person on November 14, 2017 at about 09:00hrs at Heritage Bank in Osogbo, did steal cash sum of N2.5m property of FADEF, thereby committing an offence contrary to section 383(1) and punishable under section 390(9) of the Criminal Code Cap 34 Vol. II Laws of Osun State of Nigeria.

It also stated that the suspect had on November 22, same year at Alleluyah Estate, forged a Bank of Industry term loan document with intent to defraud FADEF and thereby committed an offence contrary to section 465 and punishable under section 467 of the Criminal Code Cap 34 Vol. II Laws of Osun State of Nigeria.

The counsel to the accused person, Barrister Amaechi Ngwu prayed the court to grant the accused person bail in most liberal terms as the accused person was ready to provide reliable sureties.

He informed the court that the accused is said to be the president of the cooperative and the matter before the court is a cooperative group matter which is currently being settled.

The police prosecutor, Inspector Fatoba Temitope objected the bail application on the ground that the suspect would jump bail considering the amount of money involved.

Fatoba added that the accused person spent over 20 days at the police custody because he could not provide reliable sureties.

He further disclosed that the accused person is having a pending petition filed against him at the State CID, in view of which he prayed the court to deny the bail application.

Presiding magistrate, F.A. Sodamade ordered the remand of the accused person in prison custody until he answers the present pending petition against him at the State CID.

The magistrate thereby adjourned the case till April 9, 2018.

{MAGAZINE} Osun 2018: 176 Days To Go! How Governorship Election May Shape Up

 

Below, OSUN DEFENDER’s Data Analyst, Damilola Ojenike looks at the state of play and configuration of voting data in recent elections in order to work out the permutations as we approach the political parties’ primaries slated for July.

The accompanying chart shows the 2014 governorship election results by senatorial districts.

Judging from this, it shows that the APC leads comfortably in two out of the three senatorial districts with a good margin. The two districts are the Osun West and Osun Central. The factors responsible for this, according to findings, include the popularity of the party among the teeming populace in the stated districts, their affinity for progressive tenets since the birth of politicking in the South-West region and the popularity of the candidate in the election.

It is also pertinent to mention the religious bias of the electorates, prior to the 2007 governorship election, the then Governor, Prince Olagunsoye Oyinlola and his deputy were both Christians and the clamour for a Muslim ticket was a dominant request before the poll. Another variable which the electorates did not bother about is the senatorial district where the candidate in the election originated from.

The 2014 election was also determined by the antecedents of the incumbent as well as the expectations of the electorates if the same party is given the chance to continue to steer the ship of leadership in the state. Performance in the first term is a yardstick that compelled the electorates to stick out their necks for continuity even in the face of intimidation from the then PDP-led Federal Government.

The third senatorial district is almost equally shared with the APC winning by a slim majority. It won the base of the APC candidate, while the PDP candidate also won in his homestead.  The marginal difference between the two leading parties is less than 1%, considering that the APC won in 6 out of the 10 local governments in the district. This projection goes well for a definitive competition than the other senatorial districts.

In conclusion, the past is gone, the present is here and the future is just what we can predict with our present work. The past is not a sure determinant for the future but gives an added ground and points in a direction. The APC won the last election and won it well by winning in all the senatorial elections. How else can you win well. 3/3 – excellent. But like I would say, Statistics are like mini-skirts, they do not reveal everything, instead are used for projections and predictions for the future after giving us a hint into what is likely to happen. Moreover the variables are not the same and the quality of candidates that both parties would present and how acceptable such candidates would be for the electorates.

Besides, there is a likely to be a change in the attitude of the electorates towards the parties, as well as their candidates.

 

The Bill Gates Discourse

Intellectual honesty is important, this is why it is important to state that the philanthropist and entrepreneur, Bill Gates in no way attacked the economic policies of the federal government. What he did was to have made a cautionary observation about balanced and sustainable development. This is old hat really, the debate has been ongoing since the 1960 sixties about development models and the critical issue of “growth without development “.

This is also an issue in the State of Osun. The Aregbesola government has incontrovertibly made path-breaking forward gains in constructing the built environment. The physical infrastructures will attract investments which will generate employment, widen the tax base and lead to sustainable development. In the light of the ongoing interpretation of what Bill Gates said, it has to be pointed out that from the onset, Aregbesola has, as it were, rhymed the hardware with the software. The advance thrust in the physical infrastructure has gone hand-in-glove with investments in human capital development. 

An often cited example is the free school meals program involving over 200,000 school pupils, which has increased enrolment in the schools, provided nutritional value and upliftment and crucially lifted agricultural production, thereby elevating leaving standards in the rural economy. This is an excellent demonstration of all encompassing sustainable development. 

Across the board in the State of Osun, human capital development has matched the development of the physical infrastructure. Access to primary health care for example has widened and so has the structured investments in that and allied sectors. The widely acknowledged social intervention programmes of the state government like the OYES, O’Ambulance, OREAP, O’Clean and Agba Osun among others have been solid investments in human capital development. Like the free school meals programmes, the social intervention thrusts of the Aregbesola government have become the framework for similar federal government intervention programmes, proving yet again that imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.

We therefore commend the example set in the State of Osun where the Bill Gates question was anticipated and the puzzle readily unravelled.

The Race & The Runners: Prince (Dr) Ayoade Adewopo On The Starting Block For The PDP

 

Prince (Dr) Ayoade Adewopo, is a renowned Global Trade and Corporate Governance Counsel, President of Johnson Adedoja Adewopo Foundation and Convener of Ayombo Revolution Movement for the 2018 Osun governorship election. He is one of the governorship aspirants under the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). He hails from Ile-Ife, in Osun East Senatorial District of the state.

Ayoade Adewopo is a legal practitioner. He holds a Doctorate Degree in Jurispudence from the Indiana University, Indiana, a Postgraduate Diploma in International Tax Law from Robert Kennedy College (University of Wales), Zurich-Switzerland and a Higher National Diploma in Business Administration and Management from The Polytechnic Ibadan, Nigeria.

Born on the 20th December, 1972 to Prince Johnson Adedoja Adewopo, a scion of the popular Ogboru Royal Family of Ile-Ife and Princess Dorcas Adewopo (Nee Laoye) a retired teacher and the first daughter of the Late Timi of Ede, HRH Oba John Adetoyese Laoye.

Prince Adewopo is a licensed law practitioner in the USA and also a Solicitor in England & Wales. Prince Adewopo also has the right to practice law in the European Union and Canada.  He currently works as a specialist on Corporate Governance, Global Trade Financing and Anti-Money Laundering matters in Nigeria.

Previously, Prince Adewopo worked with The Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission, as an Associate with the law firm of Ice Miller LLP, as the Senior Global Operations Counsel for The Scott’s Miracle-Gro Company (NYSE: SMG) and as the Vice President & Assistant General Counsel (Americas) for Ingersoll-Rand (NYSE: IR).

Between 2004 and 2006, Prince Adewopo served as Secretary, Vice President and President of the Marion County Bar Association (Indianapolis, Indiana). During the same period, he was also appointed as a Member of the Marion County Public Defender Board of Directors. He is a frequent speaker on Corporate Governance issues, Anti Money Laundering, Global Sourcing, International Trade and Global Investments.

Ayoade Adewopo served as a campaign leader for the Obama 2008 and 2012 Presidential campaigns. He has also served as a special advisor and counsel to several foreign government entities and several multi-national corporations on diverse transactions, including commodity hedging, mergers, acquisitions, global or cross-border joint ventures, trade financing,  global security issues, global trade ethics and compliance policies.

A philanthropist of note, Prince Adewopo claimed to have impacted the lives of Osun indigenes greatly through the Johnson Adedoja Adewopo Foundation (JAAF), a foundation that is currently catering for the needs of indigenes in various areas, including higher education scholarships, human capital and infrastructural development projects.

Prince Ayoade Adewopo is the recipient of the prestigious Great Ife Students’ Union Leadership in Excellence Award, 2017. The last recipient of this award was Chief Gani Fawehinmi in 1988. Prince Adewopo stands out among his contemporaries. He demonstrates keen and transparent interest in the poor and down trodden.

Ayoade Adewopo is happily married with children.

With his political slogan, Ayombo o!!! Adewopo has begun consultation and mobilization of stakeholders for the actualization of his governorship ambition, regardless of the crisis within the PDP and agitation for zoning.

LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Indiscipline In Schools, Need For Drastic Action

 

In view of lack of indiscipline among some students in secondary schools in Osun State and other part of the country, in spite of the efforts of government, there is need for government to, as a matter of utmost importance take more drastic action, with a view to checking such cases.

A situation whereby a secondary school student will continue to abuse a teacher and as well confront him or her openly is unacceptable and this portray total lack of indiscipline and unruly behavior on the part of the students.

I would  like to suggest the overhauling and restructuring of our education policy by the government and other stakeholders in the education sector as this measure will tend to curb the excess of students to some extent.

It is in my view that the free education policy adopted by some state governments across the country is no longer feasible, as students believe that since they are not paying for their education, they have nothing to lose, forgetting that they are toying with their future.

If school fees are introduced in secondary schools, it would enhance the standard of education, as parents and guardians would be committed to educate their wards on how to behave well in schools and the society at large, while the majority of the students would also have senses of belonging.

Experiences have shown that when you have a level of commitment in terms of payments of fees to the education of your children, you will have ways of continuously educating your children and monitoring their day-to-day activities, which would in turn guarantee discipline among the students.

Besides, the authorities in the education sector must be serious and firm, by ensuring that any student who misbehave is summarily suspended or given immediate expulsion as this will serve as deterrent to others.

I have to also suggest that government should introduce an effective orientation campaign, among the parents guardians and students so as to keep them informed on the importance of education to their future.

POLITICS: Isiaka Adegboyega Oyetola (APC)

With 176 days to go into the election on September 22nd, the preliminaries and the heats for the main race has surreptitiously started. Starting from this week, we will be doing ongoing reviews of the purported contestants, even though none of them has formally declared.

Isiaka Adegboyega Oyetola (APC)

He has not told anyone he is in the race, nevertheless, the name of the Chief of Staff of the State of Osun is a recurring decimal. Perhaps it’s because he has a technocratic ring (as in the case of Fashola and Ambode). So, the temptation is irresistible. The toga of continuity resonates around the personality of the Suave and urbane, Iragbiji born technocrat. In his favour, he doesn’t come with the sort of baggage with which a professional rabble-rousing politician is associated.

Adegboyega Oyetola, is the Chief of Staff to the Governor, State of Osun. A man of many parts with vast experience in politics, business and public administration; he is a man of deep conviction and a religious devout who has progressed in his endeavours by the grace of God, dint of hard work and uncompromising stand on integrity.

He has been described by Governor Rauf Aregbesola as a major pillar behind his administration for his cool and calm demeanour and the wisdom with which he has handled staff relations and other sensitive matters of the state.

He was born on September 29, 1954, in Iragbiji, Boripe Local Government Area of Osun. He attended Ifeoluwa Grammar School in Osogbo for his secondary school education which he completed in 1972. He proceeded to the prestigious University of Lagos where he bagged a Bachelor of Science honours degree in Insurance in 1978. He capped his illustrious education pedigree with a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in 1990 at the same University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos.

He had his mandatory one year National Youth Service between 1978 and 1979, at Potiskum, the capital city of present day Yobe State, where he lectured at the Staff Training Centre.

In 1980, he joined Leadway Assurance Company Limited as Area Manager, and worked there till 1987. He took another step by taking his expertise to Crusader Insurance Company Limited as Underwriting Manager between 1987 and 1990. He moved again in 1990 to Alliance and General Insurance as Technical Controller and served in that capacity until 1991.

However, he took a giant step in 1991 by establishing his own Company, Silvertrust Insurance Brokers Limited. He was the Managing Director since its founding until his appointment as Chief of Staff in 2011.

His other forays in business include Executive Vice-Chairman, Paragon Group of Companies which has interest in Oil and Gas, Mining and Real Estate since 2005 until 2011. He was also Chairman of Ebony Properties Limited. He had been a Director of Pyramid Securities Limited, until 2011, among other business interests, before his appointment as Chief of Staff.

Adegboyega Oyetola is a pronounced Technocrat as well as a progressive politician. He was a founding member of Alliance for Democracy (AD) and has been a chieftain of the party through its metamorphosis to Action Congress (AC), Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) and now All Progressives Congress (APC). He has assisted the party nationally, particularly in the State of Osun. He is an effective grassroots mobiliser.

For his public service and philanthropic acts, he has received an array of honours and awards. These include:

  1. Distinguished Merit Award by his alma mater, Ifeoluwa Grammar School, Osogbo, February 2014;
  2. The Guardian Award for Exceptional Chief of Staff in the Federation 2017;
  3. Distinguished Award of Excellence in Public Administration by Nigeria Union of Journalists, Osun State Council, August 2015;
  4. Leadership Award for Outstanding Performance by the Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE), Osogbo Branch, March 2016;
  5. Award of Excellence by Osun State University, College of Law, Ifetedo, January 2016;
  6. Award of Excellence as ICON of Good Governance by Network of Non-Governmental Organisation (NETNOS) State of Osun Branch. November, 2017;
  7. Award for Exemplary and Exceptional Support and Fellow of Osun State College of Technology, Esa Oke, January 2017;
  8. Grand Patron of the Local Government Chapel of Osun State NUJ, November 2016;
  9. Leadership Award by International Association of Lions Club, District 404B2, Nigeria, February 2016;
  10. NAOSS-NHQ Award of Excellence in Administration and Good Governance, May 2016;
  11. Award of Excellence in Public Administration by Rotary Club of Osogbo, Rotary International, July 2016;
  12. Meritorious Award by NAOSS, Obafemi Awolowo University Chapter, February 2017;
  13. African Students Union Parliament (ASUP), Pan-African Distinguished Leadership Honour as Icon of Nation Building in Nigeria 2018.

Mr. Oyetola is an Associate Member, Chattered Insurance Institute in London and Nigeria. He is also a member of the Nigeria Institute of Management (NIM).

Oyetola is a Socialite, Philanthropist and a lover and promoter of Arts. He is a member of the prestigious Ikoyi Club. He is married with children.

A group known as Ileri-Oluwa has started massive political mobilisation for him, even though he is yet to officially declare his governorship ambition.

HEALTH MATTERS: Psychiatrist Attributes Stress To Lifestyle And Behaviour

 

By FRANCIS EZEDIUNO

A psychiatrist has opined that there are many factors in the life of an average human being that can cause stress, adding that it is a natural reaction as the body tries to deal with any negative pressure placed on or around it.

The psychiatrist, Dr. Ore Olagunju stated this during a health sensitisation workshop organised for ministers, workers and members of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, House of Glory Zone, Oshogbo recently.

While delivering a paper titled: “I FEEL STRESSED, Signs, Causes and How to deal with stress”, the physician noted that factors like work deadlines, financial troubles, congested traffic, and at times arguments could cause stress.

According to him, “stress can become a problem when these pressures become overwhelming, and in some cases, can be a precursor to anxiety disorders and depression.

“Thankfully, stress is very manageable, and a little stress can even help a person to perform better. This is often seen in students when studying for examinations or in athletes as they prepare for any sporting competition.

“There are many ways to deal with stress, and simple techniques practiced frequently can really help”.

While explaining what stress was, Olagunju hinted that it can be defined as a response of the body to any demand placed on it which can be influenced by both external and internal factors.

Examples of external factors include: work, relationships and finances. Internal factors such as health, hunger and amount of sleep can affect how people deal with situations in which they might otherwise have dealt with competently.

“In other words, stress is a normal human experience and can be useful when dealing with demanding situations”.

He explained that the body deals with acute stress by releasing chemicals that tell the body that it is in danger, and therefore activates the flight or fight response.

This response according to him “is a survival mechanism that prepares the body to face danger and changes seen during this response include increased heart rate, rapid breathing, dry mouth and sweating. This response does not have any long-term effects on the body, and often can help in dealing with stressors. Stress, in many instances, can be useful, and help the person deal with the demands placed on them, by making them more alert, energised, and attuned to external cues.

“However, long term exposure to stress, and the exposure of the body to high levels of hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline, can lead to increased vulnerability to illnesses, such as depression, obesity, heart disease”.

He maintained that the symptoms of stress can vary between different individuals, saying, the most common symptoms includes sleep disturbances, muscle tension, irritability, anxiety, depression, tiredness, lack of motivation, difficulty concentrating, change in eating habits, increased use of alcohol or other drugs, unhealthy eating and decreased level of exercise, adding that the symptoms in turn, affect how people deal with the events that cause stress, thereby worsening the stress.

While discussing on the causes of stress, Dr. Olagunju related that certain life situations were more likely to predispose a person to experience stress.

He revealed that surveys have found out that mothers who worked full time had the highest stress levels in the populations surveyed and other situations that could lead to stress were financial pressures, unemployment, work stress, lower education, social isolation, conflict, personal/family illness, and relationship problems.

“The loss of a job may be viewed as a disaster that affects feelings and behaviour. Alternatively, it may be viewed as an opportunity to move on to something better. The manner in which this event is viewed explains the different responses that people have to the same event. Other factors such as personality and previous experience also influence how the event is perceived. Another factor that leads to stress is a mismatch between the experience and the resources available to cope with it. Losing a job, for example, might be a difficult event, but if a person is having difficulties with a relationship in addition to this, then they might not have the support to get through a difficult period, emotionally and financially”.

“Dealing with stress by using various techniques, such as monitoring and challenging the way you think about events and solving your problems in a structured manner. In addition to this exercising, cutting down on drug and alcohol use, and doing things you enjoy can help in coping with stress”.

He however warned that in cases where severe stress leads to depression or anxiety, medications such as anti-depressants might have a role to play.

It would be best to consult your local doctor in such cases, as they will be able to advise you on the suitability of medication, or to direct you to an appropriate professional, Olagunju advised.

Highlight of the programme was the screening for HIV, blood pressure measurement and Hepatitis B screening for members.

One of the technicians who was part of the team emphasized the importance of the screening and noted that it was important to know ones status.

She noted that the HIV screening did not mean that they were living a life of immorality and the negative results that many got did not mean that they should also go ahead and lead a careless life but it was done as a type of precautionary and awareness campaign.

She also explained, knowing ones status in terms of HIV and Hepatitis B will go a long way in determining the health condition as HIV and Hepatitis B were both viral conditions which when left untreated could result in the death of the patients but if treated the patient could lead a normal healthy life.

“High blood pressure is a silent killer which does not respect age, gender or social status. It could be hereditary of environmentally linked, so it is advisable to have blood pressure check every now and then preferably at 2 weeks interval.

“Many people have dropped dead suddenly and we attribute it to spiritual factors but a cursory will later revealed the cause of the death as a result of complications due to high blood pressure. There are no specific symptoms for it but it always result in stroke, heart failure, arterial blockage, paralysis and lastly death if not properly diagnosed and treated”.

Crime: Report All Crimes To The Police, DPO Advises

 

By Murtala Agboola

Nigerians have been advised to report all crimes to the police and be prepared to assist the police in its prosecution.

The call was made by the Divisional Police Officer (DPO) of Ataoja Police Division, Osogbo, Mr. Clement Agbemoroti at the monthly meeting of the Police Community Relations Committee (PCRC) at the Police Station recently.

Agbemoroti, a superintendent of Police (SP) recalled a crime report made by the representative of Eleyele Community of Ogo-Oluwa under the division, where the house of a member of the community was burgled when the husband and wife were away to their places of work.

Among the valuables carted away were television set, radio and a decoder of startimes digital satellite television.

The police chief said, the theft was reported at the Ataoja Police Division and the report was made available to the head office of startimes at Oke-Fia.

“The burglar was arrested when attempt was made to recharge after exhausting the subscription on the decoder.

“He was taken to Dugbe Police Station  from where the police at Ataoja were invited to take over”.

He hinted that the police, was preparing to charge the man to court.

The police chief therefore stressed the fact that all crimes must be reported to the police so that the victim would not become the villain.

He said, if crimes are not incidented, if the stolen goods are recovered, the owner cannot retrieve them.

The DPO also narrated an accident at Ayegbaju market, Old Governor’s office recently, where a Pastor driving a suv killed a school boy.

He told the gathering that he was there to pacify the father of the deceased boy with other sympathisers not to take the law into their hands.

Agbemoroti said he was pushed around in an attempt to calm frayed nerves and had to restrain himself when his attempts to pacify the father of the deceased boy failed.

The chairman of the PCRC, High Chief Gbadebo Adeyemo stated that residents have to be extra-vigilant because some motorcyclists come around from neighbouring towns to perpetrate crimes. He therefore asked people to watchout for motorcycle riders who leave and arrive at to their residential areas as early as 5am.

Most of them, according to him, come around to steal valuables and dispossess people of their property.