New Moons Discovered Around Jupiter

12 new moons have been discovered by U.S. researchers around Jupiter, bringing the total number of the planet’s known moons to 79.

The discovery means Jupiter, the oldest and largest planet in the solar system, has more moons than any of the other seven.

“Jupiter just happened to be in the sky near the search fields where we were looking for extremely distant solar system objects,’’ Sheppard said, according to a Carnegie Institution news release.

He added that the team was able to look for new moons “serendipitously.’’

Gareth Williams of the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center used Sheppard’s observations to calculate orbits for the newly found moons.

“It takes several observations to confirm an object actually orbits around Jupiter, so, the whole process took a year,’’ Williams said.

Scott Sheppard of the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington and his team discovered the moons more than a year ago while looking for a possible massive planet beyond Pluto.

Eleven of the newly discovered moons are considered normal, with diameters between 1 and 3 kilometres.

Nine of them are part of a distant outer swarm of moons that orbit in the opposite direction of Jupiter’s spin rotation; two are much closer to Jupiter and orbit in the same direction as the planet.

The 12th moon is being called an oddball because, while it orbits in the same direction as Jupiter’s spin, it is much farther away than the others orbiting in that direction and it is comparatively tiny.

Egypt Passes Law To Block Social Media Accounts

A law has been passed by Egypt’s parliament giving the state powers to block social media accounts and penalise journalists for publishing fake news.

The Supreme Council for the Administration of the Media, headed by an official appointed by President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, will supervise the law and take action against violations.

The bill prohibits the establishment of websites without obtaining a license from the Supreme Council and allows it to suspend or block existing websites, or impose fines on editors.

Under the law, social media accounts and blogs with more than 5,000 followers on sites such as Twitter and Facebook will be treated as media outlets, which makes them subject to prosecution for publishing false news or incitement to break the law.

The law, which takes effect after it is ratified by Sisi, also states that journalists can only film in places that are not prohibited, but does not explain further.

Supporters of Sisi say the law is intended to safeguard freedom of expression and it was approved after consultations with judicial experts and journalists.

But critics say it will give legal basis to measures the government has been taking to crack down on dissent and extend its control over social media.

Sherif Mansour, Middle East and North Africa programme coordinator for the Committee to Protect Journalists, said the vague wording of the law allows authorities to interpret violations and control the media.

“That power of interpretation has been a constant powerful legal and executive tool that was used to justify excessive aggressive and exceptional measures to go after journalists,” he told Reuters.

Hundreds of news sites and blogs have been blocked in recent months and around a dozen people have been arrested this year and charged with publishing false news, many of them journalists or prominent government critics.

Before It Kills Us, Let’s Kill Fake News By Yekeen Akinwale

If we are not careful, fake news will kill us. Already, it has sent some to their early graves. Fake news is creating confusion and killings among us.

The purveyors of fake news do not care if Nigeria collapses. As much as there is no other Nigeria elsewhere that anyone can run to – if this one and only Nigeria sinks – we will all sink with it. This is not a doomsday prophecy.

Fake news is a threat that nobody seems to care about. In the last few weeks, fake news –through manipulation of pictures, videos and outright falsehood – has shown and proved how potent a threat it is to our democracy. It has created tensions and the effects are here with us all.

The 1994 Rwanda genocide where certain members of Rwanda’s majority Hutu population nearly eliminated a Tutsi minority keeps coming to mind as a gory example of damage fake news can do.

But many are yet to understand how much a problem and indeed a threat fake news is. More than before, untrue information is being disguised as credible news. More and more people are beginning to consume and believe fake news without bothering to fact check or even read beyond the headlines.

With the scary and reckless manners purveyors of fake news are feeding unsuspecting public, fake news looks harmless but definitely a time bomb ticking to explode. When it does explode, we are all doomed.

After the news of gruesome murder of over 86 people in 11 communities in Barkin Ladi, Riyom and Jos South local government areas of Plateau State on Saturday June 23, 2018 sent shivers down the spines of Nigerians, citizens again were shocked two days later to read in the media that the killings were retaliatory.

Like the news of the attacks, the report that the attacks were retaliatorily attributed to Danladi Ciroma, Chairman, Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria North-Central zone, featured prominently in all the major news media and online newspapers. And it ran under different headlines but all saying the same thing. That was exactly on June 25, 2018.

“These attacks are retaliatory. As much as I don’t support the killing of human beings, the truth must be told that those who carried out the attacks must be on revenge mission. There have been recent reports of cow rustling and destruction of farms between Berom farmers and Fulani herdsmen.

The people carrying out these criminal activities are well known to the communities but the communities are hiding them,” Ciroma was quoted as said

As it would be expected, what looked like a confession of a witch by Ciroma’s comment attracted widespread condemnation and indeed calls for him and his kinsmen believed to be behind such dastard act to arrested and prosecuted. It was unimaginable the aftermath of this admittance by Miyetti Allah− some more retaliatory attacks, perhaps besides war of words by all actors on the social media. But again, Nigerians were to be confounded that the news was indeed not true−fake.

Ciroma denied ever saying such. Up till now, there has been no documented evidence to prove that he indeed utterred those comments.

It was not until when PREMIUM TIMES, the online newspaper that broke the news of the retaliatory attacks recanted its story that its reporter in Jos, who filed in the report failed to do due diligence before sending the report to the editor. Definitely a trying moment for the reputable newspaper, the management labored to clear its name from a debilitating aftermath of a misleading story that strained the already tensed security situation in the country.

What Newsroom Must Do

The gatekeeping role in media environment is fast eroded because today everyone is a journalist. Social media has given everyone the opportunity to be both consumer of news and creator of it−fake news inclusive. The role is not necessarily restricted to the newsroom these days. That is where the danger lies.

“With today’s fast-paced and competitive media environment, there has been a significant rise of these social media channels, creating outlets where anyone and everyone can be a journalist. Therefore, why do we need gatekeeper journalists anymore?” says Gabrielle Tutheridge, a journalism expert.

The public needs reliable, intelligent and relevant sources which they can go to for news, thus creating a push to try and deregulate fake news within the media. Whereas, gatekeepers ultimately craft and conduct what is being published to the masses. Therefore, they determine what is to become the public’s social reality, and their view of the world. Unfortunately, the role of gatekeepers is now overlooked.

In a traditional newsroom, a reporter’s copy passes through more than three hands before it is certified okay for publication− news editor, sub-editors, proof readers and fact checkers are left to do the remaining aspect of gate-keeping after the reporter delivers the story. For both economic reasons and technology, these functions are subsumed in one body of a reporter who does the news gathering, reporting, editing, proof reading and fact check. The output can best be imagined.

Now, a copy from a reporter passes through the desk of a heavily burdened news editor and straight to the pre-press. It is garbage in, garbage out. That explains why what the public reads now are not only a plethora of grammatical errors but unpardonable factual errors and inaccuracy . No one cares as long as the copy keeps coming out. The reading public too does not care, or so it seems. They consume everything including all the lies, fictions and propaganda.

What must be done must be done; the audience needs to know what they are reading is truthful and honest. As the conventional role of a journalist is to serve the public and maintain ethical conduct, this is where gate-keeping is still significant in our diverse media environment. If the media must maintain its credibility and professionalism, journalists need to be able to uphold high standards and try to differentiate credible news from the overcrowded fake news that has taken over the media environment.

Fake News − Working Like The Magic Bullet Theory

Fake news is on the rise. In a nation like Nigeria, it is created deliberately by different actors (government, politicians and others) for unsuspecting public. And they have their reasons up their sleeves. For a population of about 190 million, where the percentage of literacy is 59.6 percent, the effect of fake news on Nigerians reinforces the hypodermic needle theory of mass media. Also known as “Magic Bullet” theory, it graphically assumes that the media message is a bullet fired from the “media gun” into the viewer’s head. It suggests that the media inject its messages straight into the passive audience.

The characteristic hook, line and sinker assimilation of fake news by Nigerians, even by those considered as literate and how it has further led to conflicts calls for more introspection about the power of the media. It calls for more careful appraisal of the motives of those behind fake news.

According to Tutheridge, audiences have become too used to this fast-paced and competitive environment of breaking news and sometimes lack understanding. What is published in the media is not always reliable and honest.

If we trace the causes of recent ethnic, religious and political violent crises, it would not be surprising that a whole lot of them were triggered off by fake news, videos and pictures. It is more worrisome that journalists have also become pawns in the hands of creators of fake news.

They help redefine, refine and transmit fake news. Perhaps for economic reasons too, many journalists are willing tools in the hands of fake news makers. So who is safe, if journalists cannot discern fake news or they choose deliberately to look the other side.

The National Campaign Against Fake News

The fake news phenomenon is capable of undermining confidence in the media, and once the people lose confidence in the media, the media and the society are in trouble. This is why it is tempting to align with the argument advanced by the government to want to regulate the social media.

Government has always had its ulterior motives to control citizens’ freedom of expression. But again, considering the fact that social media and of course online journalism do not lend themselves to the known “Ethics of Journalism”, regulating what appears to be threatening the peace will not be a bad idea.

Perhaps, the recent launch of the National Campaign against Fake News by the Federal Government is a welcome development. Lai Mohammed, Minister of Information and Culture explained that “the essence of the campaign was to sensitize all Nigerians to the dangers posed to the peace and security, and indeed the corporate existence of Nigeria by the phenomenon, and the fact that each and every Nigerian has a role to play in curtailing the spread of fake news.”

One could not agree less with the federal government with the timing of the campaign because the role of fake news in aggravating the various crises in the country and the need to check the phenomenon ahead of the 2019 elections are more obvious. The minister should also know that government is duty bound to make information available to its citizens. When government put out accurate news, it reduces the scope for fake news.

Joe Abah, a former Director-General, Bureau of Public Service Reforms, said: “Government often doesn’t give out false information. The reality is that government often doesn’t give out any information at all. Most times, government’s information release is reactive. The problem is the damage has already been done before that.”

Fake news is a global epidemic that could be worse than all the plagues that the world has recorded put together. It is a clear and present danger to global peace and security, and a threat to democracy if not taken seriously now and tackle headlong.

Yekeen Akinwale is with International Centre for Investigative Reporting (ICIR)

Dr. Damages As An Almajiri By Tijani H. Ibrahim

My friends from the South have this penchant for looking down at the North. One of the primary reasons for which they do so is the matter of the almajiris. They see it in a shallow light as a symbol of northern men’s irresponsibility. The history of the phenomenon and the complexity of the matter are of no interest to them. There is a display of zero empathy for the circumstances that are often beyond the control of the children and their parents. With a big brush, my southern friends deliver a blanket condemnation of the men as well as the kids locked in the unfortunate cycle of poverty.

While I agree with my southern friends that the northern elite have done very little to create an environment that will mitigate the circumstances that breeds and sustain the almajiri phenomenon, I have argued that despite it all, those children are Nigerian children too. And if they are our children, they deserve our interest in their affairs. They deserve a commitment from us to alleviate their draconic life of poverty.  Whatever anyone thinks of former President Goodluck Jonathan, the fact that he recognized that reality and invested significant resources to build almajiri schools in the North gave him a special place in my heart. Jonathan understood that beyond that usual lip service about our children being our feature, action speaks louder than words.

I, therefore, found it very interesting to observe the other day that Dr. Damages the aka of Rudolf Okonkwo the SaharaTV jester had turned into an almajiri. To see him begging for money on GoFundMe was a teaching moment for me. If such a successful TV Personality like him found himself in a situation where he needed the help of the public through crowdfunding to get a project accomplished, then everyone should show empathy for those who have fallen into hard time. That it is others today does not mean that it could not be us tomorrow.

In a way, karma is a funny guy. Three weeks after Dr. Damages appealed for help to raise $9990 to publish a book on Donald Trump, nobody has donated even a dollar to him. Not his friends. Not his family. And most definitely, not even his children. If his children had set up a lemonade stand on their street, maybe they would have raised a few dollars and save him from the embarrassment of zero donation in almost a month.

Dr. Damages plight should be a lesson to all those who make fun of the unfortunate in our society instead of offering a helping hand to them as members of our human family.

I’m sure that it made perfect sense in the mind of Dr. Damages when he set up the GoFundMe. Definitely, he must be wondering how it is that nobody, not even one of his friends, finds it worthwhile to make a single donation. I’m sure it is the same way the almajiris feel when we drive past them on Nigerian roads, ignoring their plead for loose change to buy something to eat. We make excuses in our mind and blame their parents and everyone in between when all we were being asked to do was show a little kindness.

Maybe if Saharareporters publishes this article of mine, I will go and donate $5 to Dr. Damages’ GoFundMe and save him from being in that notorious group of fundraisers who perish in infamy because they could not raise a penny. They share the despair of an almajiris who went out on the street day after day without anyone dropping something inside his cup.

Help an almajiris. Help Dr. Damages

‘Life-Threatening’ Heat Wave May Hit Japan

The weather agency in Japan on Wednesday has warned of a “life-threatening” heat wave in many parts of the country, with temperatures expected to hit nearly 40 degrees Celsius in some areas.

Already about six people have lost their lives and about hundreds more were taken to hospital for heatstroke on Tuesday.

“One of the victims was a six-year-old primary school student in the central city of Toyota who became unconscious at school after returning from a field trip and later died,’’ local media reported.

The Meteorological Agency said in the city of Kumagaya, north of Tokyo, the temperature was expected to rise to 39 degrees Celsius, while the daytime high in the capital was about 35 degrees.

According to the Fire and Disaster Management Agency, recently, no fewer than 12 people died of heatstroke and 9,956 people were taken to hospital in Japan.

The Meteorological Agency forecast relentless heat will continue until the end of July.

The sweltering heat came just a week after about 220 people were killed in floods and landslides that were triggered by torrential rains in western Japan.

Ekiti State Election: Money Doeth All Things By Adedokun Seyi

The root of evil is money but we cannot do without it. We call such a necessary demon that we have to love, care for, keep well and even find a room for it to be separated from theft. We just don’t know that the evil that money causes is not what we cannot control, but it has been fashioned in a way that we misunderstand the reason for its existence and we use it without control. Ekiti election has come and gone, leaving people with the speculations that they have allowed to enter the little space in the mind. Speculations are good, but when it tends to deviate from one side, always to favor the other, it is really good to face it openly and get the fact. What you need to know is that the winning was a building planted on the innocence and ignorance of the inhabitants. Ekiti state can be said to be known based on observation, as a home of educated illiterates, sandwiched with ruler ship spirit of shameless dramatists. It is only funny why a demon still seeks for justification while his home still remains hell as Fayose has decided to go to court the same way it happened some years ago.

WHAT HAPPENED ON JULY 14?
The wisdom of the All Progressive Congress (APC) overwhelm that of her sister party, People’s Democratic Party (PDP) as both chief parties went on an adventure of sailing their treasures on the mind of the people. The conquest of Fayemi was not as a result of people’s love for the party, APC or him and even if the PDP had won, it wasn’t for the trust they have in it, but the game was rolling, changing and shaking according to how the line of monetary cacophony stretches. The PDP wanted to change the change, but the APC wanted to regain the land and so there was a clash between the landlord and the state, meanwhile, the land suffers most of the ground beating.

The government of Ekiti state, as seen on twitter sent a sum of three thousand naira to some people, according to Saharareporters, identified as workers. As soon as Saharareporters reported the scene, people started throwing stones of abuse on the owner, Sowore and a man just decided to confirm it for them by sending a picture copy to the chats. Some people were of the opinion that Governor Fayose was too fast to act, probably he forgot that actions may come, but reactions, as equal as they may be, will be opposite and the result may be devastating. Fortunately for the PDP which had thought it had no rival than Dog’s bark, a rival that is more that a “second wife” arrived and Mr. Peter the rock started ranting that he owns the state. Obviously, the mandate of the state has your voice when you still swim under that bowl of immunity while committing impunity, but when the cloak becomes an open clad and impunity becomes de-immunized, the first thing one’s body will do is to complain about its state, then when there is no cure, death follows.

On July 14, the grasses of Ekiti were hailing the power that hovered over them and they started singing to the trample of the shoes of incumbency. Polling Units were arranged, NSCDC officers and other things were on ground. Voters were hanging around, waiting for their names to be pasted. In fact, these people were not rushing – Ekiti people were ready to cast their votes, probably that is the educated good about them: they believe it is their right and they go for it despite the hardship they face, someone must rule. You can’t just imagine how the table turned and everything appeared in a rush. As the voting process started, the security officers who were among the thirty thousand dragons deployed before election, not to war against insecurity of Plateau or safe the people of Sokoto state, but to make sure there was security in Ekiti election, went into hibernation or action-comatose so to say. The issue of ballot stealing and disruption can be first blamed on the security officers. Their duty in that forest of superiority is to make sure sticks didn’t enter any eyes or anyone did not influence the choice of any voter, but with that black mirror in their eyes, they were still unconscious of their own dignity, they were deflowered by the status quo.

It was time to exhibit the bidding. At a local government called Ise/Orun, the rate at which money spread like kite cannot be overemphasized. Each polling unit has been given a particular amount. At this local government, it was hard to see PDP win a polling unit. The method of sharing was very strategic as it was not done on the queue, but after voting through monitoring, these deflowered voters were been directed to a separate surgery room, where their innocence would be plastered with five thousand naira. The People’s Democratic Party also had the same technique of sharing: little wonders why what God spent days to create could be bought for such ridiculous amount. This writer was placed in this local government to observe the election and you don’t need to ask how he knows about it.

FAYOSE OR OLUSOLA?

This is a different problem from the former. Since the moment of campaign till elections day, people were mentioning Mr.Fayose’s name. At the Polling Units, some would ask “did you vote for fayose or fayemi?” and the problem had started already. Many people continued on ultimate search for Fayose’s name on the paper, while Olusola’s identity was boldly begging them to look to his side, his title and achievement. The funniest thing in Ekiti that is full of easily tailed children is that both names start with “Fa” and their faculties which have little or no orientation came crumbling like wall of Jericho. Many could not remember the name to vote for anymore and here came a voice from the inner-dark room that sent some a policeman through two women standing by the window to tell a lady saying, “Tell her that she voted for the wrong party”. This was an experience at Onisa’s house, Idi Ose II, Ise/Orun local government. How could she have seen someone from a dark place? The lady made a mistake, she was not corrected by the power that be, but she was exposed by the same black sense.

If you ask how Dr. Kayode Fayemi won, one of the reasons is the relationship of the remote people with the names and not the parties. Some didn’t remember the party of a particular candidate and they cannot read, but despite the government of Fayose for two terms, they still couldn’t marry the tone for a while. By the way, we all know our primary rhymes that what I see, I remember, the banner of Fayemi erected on the T-junction of Aafin was almost taller than the glory of Ekiti which these people have seen every morning, thought about on and on, and then come into the conclusion that this man is the man of the people even if he pretends to be.

Governor Fayose didn’t help issue at all as his noise bowled the name of his deputy. At least, Olusola is different from Fayemi. If such margin had been lifted by lowering the voice of the governor, maybe, just maybe the cat will kill the lion.

THE CONCLUSION

That is one local government explained, but it applies to many in the sixteen local governments. Some argued that APC won in one local government and it wouldn’t have been announced as the flag bearer of Ekiti’s next four years affair. Meanwhile, it is obvious that these ones are like piglet that has not stopped milking. They hear what was said and spread the information like a urinating style of a boy at his unit age or like pollen grain topping the stigma. This election was a battle between bidders and it was done, dusted and taken out off the shelf. The best thing for Ekiti indigenes is to work towards how the state will not be stained with non-payment of salary and/or insurgence of herdsmen on farmers as prophesized by Olusola’s prophet. Just for a reminder, don’t listen to them if they say the election was not free and fair or it was rigged. The definition of free and fair is equality and both parties had their thugs, observers and money, so what was not fair? There is another term in election bid called “buying and selling”, it was just the principle of supply which means that the higher the price, the higher the quantity supplied.

Adedokun Seyi is a campus journalist at University of Ibadan. He can be reached on [email protected] and 08108992965.

30 Paragraphs On Socio-Cultural And Political Problems Of Nigeria By Som O. Adedayo

Nigeria is a West African country; England is in the Western part of Europe. England, formed by small Celtics and Anglo-Saxons in the early medieval period; Nigeria, a 1960 independence of at least distinct 250 tribes with over 500 languages. Nigeria is the largest part of the African world; England, the largest part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Your Professor lecturer briefs the history of Nigeria at ODLT lecture theatre. He talks about a pretty history. He talks about the Royal Niger Company and the amalgamation, independence and Republicanism, military coups and the civil war, and the civilian rule of the Third Republic. You like how he constructs his sentences; raw, simple and genuine. You want to listen attentively so you close your note. You place your elbows on the desk and cup your palms to rest your chin. You squint your eyes to follow his waving hands. After all Dr. Ogunfolabi had told you keeping an eye on the body gesture of a speaker is a sure way to reflective listening. Note making is useless when you can reflexively listen to how the British, led by Lord Lugard sucked life out from your country, Nigeria.

Obafemi Awolowo University has just restructured her accommodation policy so that you couldn’t get hostel. You live on Road 7, Awotile, off campus. You are on your way home now. You have to trek because no commercial vehicles ply the road except about five always-overloaded shuttles which scurry like bush rat to OAUTH complex. You can also get free ride,  but once in a month. You will definitely not forgive OAU for that! So you prod yourself through on Road 7 sidewalk in the light evening rain (You are still in harmattan semester though).

You ruminate on what your history Professor lecturer had said earlier. How Nigeria is a diverse but dynamic country. You begin to wonder what was the cause of this amalgamation of entirely different countless tribes. Now, you think you have to make research and write an essay on it. You will probably publish it on Sahara Reporters. You’re jogging now. You must be happy you finally have something to say about the situation of Nigeria.

You get home wet and weary. The lecturer you’re staying with is not yet at home so you are in a free world. You pick up your second phone, a decrepit Nokia 1280, and turn on its frequency modulator. It’s 6 o’clock world news. The first headline is so sad: Fulani Herdsmen Kill 50. It makes you wonder why people of a country that symbolises unity in diversity kill one another. Interesting. Prof. Salami had told you philosophy involves logical and critical enquiry into the nature of things. So you will try it.

You get to the Hezekiah Oluwasanmi library. You want to check England and Nigeria in Crompton Encyclopedia. You smile as you rummage your bag for the library card. You smile wider. A smile that pastes enthusiasm on your face as if you would interview your president in ten minutes time. You can’t find it! But you’re with your friend’s card with no passport photograph. You have a brainstorm. You pack your book and dash out to the photocopy stand.

You come back in a few minutes. You try to swallow your panting as you join the queue. The security man is talking to a female colleague. He pokes his thumb and fore finger into a scissors-like shape so that you can slot your card into it. Of course he doesn’t check it, he only holds onto it a few seconds.

This is your first time in the library, in the reference room. You’re shocked the place is exactly what Boluwatife described in his A Diary of a Disappointed OAU Freshman. But you’re there on a purpose so you get to work.

You pick a 1970 book on Nigeria colonialism. So old and dusty, you flip through it. You keep jotting some points down.

You pick another book, also old. It’s on precolonial Era. You read about Hausa tribe first. The Muslim Hausa-speaking societies were renowned for international trade, high-quality textile, craft production and ancient centre for Islamic learning. In the 19th century the political system centered on them; the Sokoto Caliphate was probably the most powerful and complex state system in West and Central Africa.

Interesting. The Christian and Muslim Yoruba-speaking societies now. In the past, especially before the 15th century, the Yorubas practiced tradition of metalworking, technical innovation and elaborate city development.

You shake your knees in enchantment. You trace the words with your index finger. The Christian Igbo-speaking societies. They were mostly hardworking farmers and traders.

You go now to the Languages & Literature shelf to get Crompton Encyclopedia. You see a Chinese University Bulletin, 2010. It’s probably one of the latest books in the library.

You nod as you scan through. England, an early middle-age conglomeration of small Celtics and Anglo-Saxons. England speaks in English having a few dialects. You close the book in anger. Red veins stand at the sides of your head all straining away from your ears.

You had read Crompton’s description of Nigeria earlier. Nigeria, an enormous and complex region both culturally and politically. Now you wonder if the English colonial master really knew what Enormous Diversity And Complexity in Culture And Politics meant. If it was proper to merge entirely different regions with distinct languages, culture and history. By that you need a dire conclusion. There must be a genuine reason for that because most people around consider the white man infallible. No. You want to do philosophy so you decide to read more.

You remember you had done ethics in philosophy class yesterday. Now you think the English colonial master’s action must be graded as consequentialist. Of course he might have been looking forward, towards the consequences and effects. You stare hard at the fat book before you, into it, through it and land into the Wonderland of your thoughts.

This is it. He wasn’t interested in the effects of it on himself alone (though philosophically human being is selfish). So he wasn’t egoistic. He was doing it for the interest of his own people then. No. He wasn’t ethically utilitarian. You know it now.

You go back to the Languages and Literature shelf for a big Oxford dictionary. You stand there flipping through the light brown pages. Shit! You can’t find it. You can’t find the word. You return back to your seat disappointed and angry. You don’t know why. Maybe because the big dictionaries that should have the meaning are mostly 3rd edition.

You think you should decide now. You don’t need any English man dictionary to define your term. Yes. The white colonialist was being altruistic. Psuedo-Altruism. You smile. If you’re being asked to define the word, you would smile sharply and say it means taking actions to benefit others over yourself in disguise.

The colonial master merged the regions (Nigeria) together to benefit your country of course. As in, he merged the diverse and complex regions into Nigeria for the sake of peaceful coexistence, unity and civilization.

Language is perhaps the greatest source of unity. A society with less diversity in language is more likely to survive. You applaud your sense of empiricism. No, rationalism. Whatever. You humorously call your self a philosopher.

You smile once again. It’s true England had once comprised distinct regions which differed in economy, religion and dialects (still a single language though). You wonder why Nigeria has to come together. Taraba state, for goodness sake, has more languages than at least 30 countries in the world and mother Nigeria herself constitutes 7% of the world languages. Altruistic colonialist indeed.

It’s getting late and most people are leaving the library. You yawn. You’re tired but can’t leave now. You want to finish your research. You’re charging your phone from a socket outlet, on the Square pillar behind you. And when you try to unplug it you brush your hand against the chair rusty metal armrest which its leather covering is reeled off. It’s 5 o’clock – you still have an hour more.

You’re tired so you close your note and try scrolling some Internet pages. Because you don’t have data subscription you login to Airtel free basics. A captivating headline is glowing in Bembo font as you tap The Punch. God bless Airtel network provider. You take your time to read the news. A Nigerian lawyer files a lawsuit against Oxford University Press over alleged wrongful definition of the words ‘Mortgagee’ and ‘Mortgagor’.

Yes. The altruistic colonialist sometimes is attacked very unconsciously by unconscious Nigerian voices like Wole Soyinka’s Telephone Conversation. He must have wronged the beautiful conscience of Nigeria!

You scroll over to another news. A third-year-governor is being praised for constructing the road that leads to the state government house and names it after the president. This is it again. The altruistic colonialist master had civilized Nigeria with a Psuedo-Altruist mentality. Nigeria praises people especially politicians who in a dramatic way had Psuedo-Altruistically done a single project in 8 years of power. You remember Fela talks about corrupt chief Obafemi Awolowo being exonerated in Fela: This Bitch Of A Life by Carlos Moore. You shake your head as if to say in Fela’s musical Pidgin-English nawa o.

You are in the eponymous University of Chief Obafemi Awolowo so you’d best shut up. Hahaha. The girl beside you streaks her eyeballs out at you scornfully. You don’t care.

You just at this juncture have to conclude. Nigerian societies cannot coexist unless they shave off the Pseudo-Altruistic mentality or simply break up. Yes. You will title your article Dear Mr. Altruistic Colonialist or Nigeria Of A Shattered Foundation. Good.

You’re pressed. You gather your properties quickly and dash to the exit point. The security woman at the entrance tagged OUT doesn’t check your card. Your pack your materials into your bag and you discover you have mistakenly packed Crompton, E. Oh!

You join a queue filing inside. A hot drop of urine kisses your underneath short as you try to show your library card to the security man.

Som O. Adedayo
Email: [email protected]

Fear Of SARS Leads Varsity Student To His Death

A final year student of Business Administration at Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Saliu Haruna, ran to his death in an attempt to get away from operatives of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad attached to the Edo State Police Command.

Haruna was declared missing after he and other students were allegedly chased by SARS officials was later found in the well.

PUNCH Metro learnt that the SARS team had invaded Haruna’s hostel on Friday, which led to the occupants fleeing in different directions.

Haruna who was reportedly washing his clothes took to his heel and could not be found after the trigger-happy policemen left.

It was gathered that he was subsequently declared missing when he was not found after some search parties were organised to look for him.

However, his dead body was found in the well on Monday by some students.

A student of the university, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said Haruna fell into the well while trying to avoid the policemen.

The student said, “Yes, Haruna was found dead last night (Monday). He was a 400-level student of Business Administration. He and other students were chased by the SARS operatives and as he was running, he fell into a well.

“The policemen came about four days ago and nobody saw him until Monday. By then he was dead.”

When contacted, the University’s Public Relations Officer, Mr Edward Aihevba, told one of our correspondents, that the institution has not confirmed the incident.

He said, “I have not received such information here. This is the first time I am getting anything of that nature.

“But between now (Tuesday) and tomorrow (Wednesday), I can confirm from the school’s chief security officer, dean of students affairs or any member of staff to find out if it is true.”

When contacted, the Police Public Relations Officer, Mr Chidi Nwabuzor, said he had yet to be briefed about the incident.

Flood: Death Toll Rises To 90 In Nepal

The death toll in Nepal has gone up to 90 after five people were killed on Wednesday by landslides and flooding brought on by monsoon rains.

“A woman and her two children, one of them an infant, were killed when a landslide struck their home in a village in north-central Nepal’s Gorkha district,’’ local Police Officer, Mahendra Nepal, said.

Parbat Police Officer, Rabindra Kumar Shrestha, said in the district of Parbat, a teenage boy was buried alive and a man was swept away by a flooded river after a landslide engulfed seven houses.

According to Nepal’s Home Ministry, over 55 people have been injured and 18 have gone missing in the monsoon-induced disasters in last one month.

We Are Now Returning To A More Dangerous Way Of Doing Business- Barack Obama

Former U.S. President Barack Obama has revealed that the world is now in a  phrase of dangerous ways of doing business and is generally in a very uncertain stage.

Obama said these words in a speech honouring anti-apartheid hero Nelson Mandela.

“They are strange, they are uncertain. Each day’s news cycles bringing more headspinning and disturbing headlines,” Obama says in his first major public address since leaving office.

“The international order is falling short of its promise. It is in part because of the failure of
governments and elites,”

“we are now returning to a more dangerous way of doing business.”

South Africa celebrates the 100th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s birth with a flagship speech by Obama and an outpouring of memories and tributes to the late anti-apartheid leader.

Mandela, who died in 2013, remains a global icon for his long fight against white-minority rule and for his message of peace and reconciliation when he was released after 27 years in prison.

His birthday on July 18 is marked annually around the world, and the Nelson Mandela Foundation called this year for people to “take action and inspire change” in Mandela’s name.

Obama set the tone for the celebrations with a speech in Johannesburg on July 17 that aides say will be his most important public address since leaving the White House in 2017.

Obama will also host a town hall event on Wednesday for 200 young leaders selected from across Africa to attend a five-day training programme.

 

Banks, Ex-CEOs Indicted As N720b Cash Disappears And Other Newspaper Headlines Today

The headline on THE NATION shocks its readers this morning, by revealing that a sum of N720b Cash is missing. NHIS audit uncovers how funds were stolen through curious investments asking where is the N720 billion “invested” by the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 12 years? Nobody seems to have an answer. Not even NHIS boss  Prof. Usman Yusuf, The Nation has learnt. He said the “investments” had no approvals of successive Ministers of Health, past boards of the NHIS and the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation (OAGF). He said billions were lost to diversion and underpayment of interest. Banks, former Executive Secretaries, select management staff and interest groups were all neck-deep in the scandal, Yusuf alleged.

According to the NHIS Executive Secretary/Chief Executive Officer, there is no trace yet of the N720billion. Yusuf opened the lid on the corrupt practices in NHIS in a power-point presentation to the agency’s Governing Council in response to a query by the board. He said when he discovered the scandal, he engaged forensic accountants to get to the root of the matter. The Nation had exclusively reported that a team raised by the Federal Government discovered that over N138billion of the NHIS cash was trapped in 17 banks, financial companies and individuals’ pockets from January 2011 to date.

Moving from missing funds to the 2019 elections, President Muhammadu Buhari has informed the N’Assembly that the 2019 polls will cost N242bn. According to THE PUNCH, THE GUARDIAN, NIGERIAN TRIBUNE and DAILY SUN, Buhari has presented a supplementary budget to the National Assembly in which he sought the approval of N164bn out of the N242bn budgeted for the 2019 general elections. Buhari said the Independent National Electoral Commission and security agencies would need N242bn for the elections, asking the legislature to provide N164bn through virement in the 2018 budget or supplementation, while the balance of N78bn would be covered by the 2019 budget. Buhari, in his letter to the National Assembly, titled, ‘Request for virement and supplementary 2018 budget,’ specifically asked the legislature to re-allocate part of the N578bn voted to the projects inserted into the 2018 Appropriation Act by the lawmakers to fund the elections and critical infrastructure.

The President specifically asked the legislature not to increase the current size of the 2018 Appropriation Act from N9.21tn but to vire N228bn from the N578bn to the elections as well as the critical projects as earlier proposed by the executive in the 2018 Appropriation Bill. President of the Senate, Bukola Saraki, read the proposal at the plenary on Tuesday. INEC to spend N189.2bn; NSAO, N4.2bn;   DSS, N12bn;  NSDC,  N3.5bn; Police, N30.5bn; NIS;  2bn

Giving the breakdown of the running costs for the polls, Buhari said INEC needed N143, 512, 529, 445 for 2018 supplementary and N45, 695, 015,438 in 2019 budget, totalling N189, 207, 544, 893. He said the Office of the National Security Adviser needed N3,855,500,000 for 2018 supplementary and N426,000,000 in 2019 budget, amounting to N4,281,500,000. The Department of State Services wants N2,903,638,000 as 2018 supplementary and N9,309,644,455 in 2019 budget, totalling N12,213,282,455. The Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps requires N1,845,597,000 as 2018 supplementary and N1,727,997,500 in the 2019 budget, totalling N3,573,534,500. Also, the Nigeria Police needs N11,457,417,432 as 2018 supplementary and N19,083,900,000 in 2019 budget, to get a total of N30,541,317,432. The Nigeria Immigration Service also needs N2,628,143,320, out of which N530, 110,078 would come from 2018 supplementary and N2, 098,033,142 from the 2019 budget.

Still on the 2019 elections, DAILY INDEPENDENT reveals the President words assuring ICC of a free and fair, election. Buhari has assured the International Criminal Court (ICC) of free, fair and credible elections in 2019. He noted that efforts were being geared towards averting violence that characterized the 2011 elections which necessitated investigations by the ICC.

“Let me intimate the ICC that Nigeria is preparing to conduct general elections in 2019. Contrary to the tragic incidents that characterized the 2011 general elections in Nigeria which necessitated preliminary investigations by the International Criminal Court, I assure you that all hands are on deck to prevent any recurrence of such tragic incidents. We shall do everything possible to ensure that Nigeria witnesses the conduct of free, fair and peaceful elections in 2019,”Buhari stated on Tuesday, at the Solemn Hearing to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Rome Statute of the ICC, at The Hague.

Saraki, Legislators Perfect Moves To Dump APC heads NEW TELEGRAPH. Barring any last minute changes to the plans, President of the Senate, Dr. Bukola Saraki may dump the All Progressives Congress (APC) before the end of the week. New Telegraph investigations indicate that some members of the splinter Reformed APC (R-APC) will be dumping the APC next week as the National Assembly embarks on a long vacation preparatory to the parties’ primaries for various elective offices.

“Just watch out before we leave for the annual recess next week, many of our members (R-APC) will denounce their membership of the APC. We are going to join a party that will guarantee us return ticket for 2019,” a source told our correspondent. The Special Adviser to the Speaker of the House of Representatives on Special Duties, Hon. Usman Bawa, had, on Monday, resigned his membership of the APC.

Finally VANGUARD reveals NAF’s reason for stopping South, M-Belt leaders’ trip to Benue. The Nigerian Air Force, yesterday, explained the circumstances that surrounded its denying landing permit in Makurdi for the aircraft that was to have conveyed Southern leaders to the Middle Belt Forum conference on restructuring on Monday, saying it received information that the plane initially hired for the flight had some ‘snags’. In a statement signed by Air Vice Marshal Olatokunbo Adesanya, however, insisted yesterday that the air field in Makurdi was not for civil aircraft operations but military aircraft, stressing that  the ongoing ‘Operation Whirl Stroke’ meant to checkmate the activities of killer herdsmen and militia in Benue, Taraba states and other places was largely being coordinated from NAF Base in Makurdi, with fighter aircraft flying in and out of the Base. NAF’s explanation, however, drew strong reactions from Second Republic lawmaker, Junaid Mohammed; Igbo leader, Chief Guy Ikokwu, and Yoruba socio-political organisation, Afenifere, who expressed dismay over it.  But elder statesman, Alhaji Tanko Yakassai, agreed with NAF’s explanation of the incident.